10 food safety agricultural chemicals as an ethical issue l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicals as an Ethical Issue PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicals as an Ethical Issue

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicals as an Ethical Issue - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 191 Views
  • Uploaded on

10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicals as an Ethical Issue. Larry D. Sanders AGEC 4990: Spring 2002. Dept. of Ag Economics Oklahoma State University. INTRODUCTION. Purpose: to understand ethical issues related to the use of agricultural chemicals in food production/processing

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicals as an Ethical Issue' - goro


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
10 food safety agricultural chemicals as an ethical issue

10. Food Safety & Agricultural Chemicalsas an Ethical Issue

Larry D. Sanders

AGEC 4990: Spring 2002

Dept. of Ag Economics Oklahoma State University

introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • Purpose:
    • to understand ethical issues related to the use of agricultural chemicals in food production/processing
  • Learning Objectives:

1. To become aware of the impact of agricultural impact

on food safety.

2. To review current policy related to agricultural

chemical use in food production.

3. To understand the ethical issues related to the use of

agricultural chemicals in food production/processing.

food safety are producers the problem
Food Safety:Are producers the problem?
  • Some of the public is concerned about pesticide use/residue
  • While HACCP* hasn’t yet targeted producers, “traceback” could do so
  • Food Quality Protection Act imposes new responsibilities on chemical use

*Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point

food safety policy background issues
Food Safety Policy: Background Issues

FOOD

???

  • Risk Acceptability--Tolerance Options:
    • Zero Tolerance
    • De Minimus (Negligible) Risk (1/1 mil)
    • No Significant Risk (1/100,000)
    • Risk Benefit (Benefits > Costs)
  • Biotechnology
  • Information & Labelling
  • Irradiation
  • “Traceback”
  • Free Market
is our food supply safe are ag chemicals a health hazard
Is Our Food Supply Safe?Are Ag Chemicals a Health Hazard?
  • PRIVATE CHOICES & PUBLIC ISSUES: “Americans decide as a matter of public policy how much risk they are prepared to tolerate, but they do not do it in the same way at all times in all places & in all contexts. . . .” D. Kennedy, Former FDA Commissioner
  • EXAMPLES

Saccharine Caffeine Alar & Apples Nuclear Power Tobacco Autos

E.Coli/meat consumption Alcohol

Cyanide/Grapes Water Sweets

Red food dye/M&M’s

the public issue of food safety
The Public Issue of Food Safety
  • “Determination of ‘safe’ food does not necessarily imply zero risk but rather a personal & societal judgment about the level of acceptable risk. The basic economic problem . . . is one of balance between acceptable risk . . . in terms of health consequences, & cost.” Sporleder & Kramer, ‘89
  • Concerns trace back in history; resurface in 1960s (additives), & in 1980s (pesticides)
  • Issue has shifted from scientific debate to consumer, media & political debate
slide7
Cancer Risks of Common Substances & Risk of Life-threatening Harm w/Selected Activities (Ames, Wilson, Crouch)

Source Risk

PCB’s 1/15 million

DDT/DDE 1/10 million

Tap water 1/3.3 million

Peanut Butter(2T) 1/115,000

Diet Cola 1/60,000

Background radiation 1/50,000

Raw mushroom(1/day) 1/35,000

Home accidents 1/9,000

Police work 1/4,500

Auto accident 1/4,200

Beer(12 oz/day) 1/1,200

Wine(8 oz/day) 1/750

cigarettes (pack/day) 1/300

top food safety hazards perception vs reality
Top Food Safety Hazards: Perception Vs. Reality
  • Consumer perception: 1990: pesticide residue in food

1997: both pesticides & food-borne diseases

  • SCIENTIFIC FACTS BASED ON ANALYSIS (ranked in order):

1. Food-borne diseases

2. Malnutrition

3. Environmental contaminants (lead/mercury)

4. Naturally occurring toxins

5. Pesticide residue

6. Deliberate food additives

food safety scientific studies results
Food Safety: Scientific Studies--results
  • Ames study:
    • 99.9% of carcinogens in diets result of natural toxins in plant
    • By weight, natural toxins about 10,000 times more concentrated in plants than synthetic chemicals
  • Pesticide residue-tested food:
    • 67% --no residue
    • 96% --residue in allowable limits
    • <1% --exceeds federal tolerance
food quality protection act of 1996
Food Quality Protection Act of 1996
  • Amends FIFRA (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide & Rodenti-cide Act) & FFDCA (Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act)
  • Includes uniform safety standard for residues in raw & processed foods
  • Generally prohibits states from setting standards that differ from federal standards
  • Facilitates registration for pesticides for specialty, minor crops
  • Improves consumer access to info
  • EPA will consider pesticide residue risk to infants/children
  • Provisions leading to lowering residue allowable levels
fqpa continued
FQPA (continued)
  • May reduce risks, especially to children
  • Lack of substitutes shifts producers to narrow spectrum & time specific chemical alternatives, bio-engineered options & biologicals
    • high management & high cost
  • Regional impacts vary
    • shifts competitive advantage for some crops & production practices
  • Crop impacts vary
    • estimated losses of $90-$128 mil for Oklahoma crops
  • Implementation under review by Congress
government intervention decision based on various ethical perspectives
Government Intervention Decision Based on Various Ethical Perspectives
  • Procedural Theory
    • Notion of consent requires either private independent agency or government objective agency
  • Libertarian Theory
    • Negative Rights justifies consumer protection to keep them free of bodily harm from industry
  • Egalitarian Theory
    • Positive Right of individual to safety
government intervention decision based on various ethical perspectives continued
Government Intervention Decision Based on Various Ethical Perspectives (continued)
  • Utilitarian Theory
    • Market benefits of safe food are greater than the costs to provide it
    • Market and nonmarket benefits of safe food (& attendant cleaner environment) are greater than the costs
  • Intrinsic Rights
    • The protection of all species (human & non human animals & plants) is of primary importance
rank what you consider to be the most serious food safety hazards 1 most serious
Rank what you consider to be the most serious food safety hazards (1=most serious)

____Deliberate food additives

____environmental contaminants (lead/mercury)

____foodborne diseases

____malnutrition

____naturally occurring toxins

____pesticide residue