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- newmanlib.ibri.org -. Gospel Genres. Robert C. Newman Biblical Theological Seminary. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks. What is a Genre?. - newmanlib.ibri.org -. " A kind, sort, type; said of works of literature, art, etc. " Webster’s New World Dictionary

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Gospel genres

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Gospel Genres

Robert C. Newman

Biblical Theological Seminary

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What is a genre
What is a Genre?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • "A kind, sort, type; said of works of literature, art, etc."Webster’s New World Dictionary

    • Literature: fiction, biography, novel, poetry, murder mystery, limerick, sermon …

    • Art: portrait, landscape, abstract, still life, cartoon, caricature, art deco …

  • A sort of written, oral or visual communication that arouses particular expectations in the reader/listener due to certain distinctive markers.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


Common genres in the gospels
Common Genres in the Gospels

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Narrative

  • Dialogue

  • Miracle Account

  • Controversy Account

  • Discourse

  • Parable

  • Symbolic Action

  • Genealogy

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What sorts of things characterize narratives
What sorts of things characterize narratives?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • A narrative is a story or tale of events, either factual or fictional.

  • Components of a narrative:

    • Actors/Characters

    • Events/Action

    • Scene(s)

    • Plot(s)

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


Types of narrative in the gospels
Types of narrative in the Gospels

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Annunciation/nativity stories

  • Calling/vocation stories

  • Recognition stories

  • Witness stories

  • Encounter stories

  • Conflict/controversy stories

  • Pronouncement stories

  • Miracle stories

  • Passion stories

  • Hybrid stories

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes dialogue
What characterizes dialogue?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Recorded speech of two or more speakers interacting with one another

  • Characterized by:

    • Direct discourse

    • Relatively little narration

  • Used to:

    • Show character

    • Record debate/argument

    • Answer questions

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes a miracle account
What characterizes a miracle account?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Obviously, a narrative in which a miracle is the central action

  • Characteristics:

    • The need is described

    • Jesus’ help is sought

    • Person in need (or helper) expresses faith

    • Jesus performs miracle

    • Characters respond to miracle/Jesus

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes a controversy account
What characterizes a controversy account?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Narrative dominated by a controversy

    • May be more dialogue or more discourse

  • Interpretive Qs:

    • Plot – what is the controversy?

    • Actors – where are they coming from?

    • Actions – what do they say/do; how relate to the controversy?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes discourse
What characterizes discourse?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • The speech of a single speaker

  • May be included in narrative or may stand alone

  • Things to look for:

    • What is the topic?

    • How is speaker developing the topic?

    • What is the flow of the argument?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes a parable
What characterizes a parable?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • A brief story, told to illustrate a spiritual or ethical teaching

  • So it has characteristics of:

    • narrative

    • story-telling

  • It usually teaches by analogy:

    • Tenor – the lesson topic being taught

    • Vehicle – the story being used

    • Points of resemblance – how the tenor is analogous to the vehicle

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes a symbolic action
What characterizes a symbolic action?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • This is an acted parable

  • The action is often unusual:

    • Cursing fig tree, washing feet

  • The audience/reader is expected to:

    • Realize that the action is symbolic

    • Try to discern what it is symbolic of

    • i.e., what is the tenor of which the action is the vehicle?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


What characterizes a genealogy
What characterizes a genealogy?

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • More common in the OT than the NT

  • A list of names of ancestors & descendants, usually marked to indicate which are which

  • Interpretive questions:

    • What is the author’s purpose in giving this genealogy?

    • Why does he include or exclude various items?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks


The end

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The End

There is probably no end to this sort of analysis, but this is a start, and we need to stop here!

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks