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Dynamic model of a drop shot from an inkjet printer. Inkjet technology. Devices to eject small droplets of fluids Inkjet printers: Produce small dots on a sheet of paper to create images Micro droplet deposition for analysis and drug discovery

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inkjet technology
Inkjet technology
  • Devices to eject small droplets of fluids
    • Inkjet printers: Produce small dots on a sheet of paper to create images
    • Micro droplet deposition for analysis and drug discovery
  • Simulations to study and improve the inkjet’s performance
    • Modify geometry
    • Investigate effect of the ink’s fluid properties
slide3

Inkjet model

  • Ink and air flow
    • Large density and viscosity gradients at the fluid interface
    • Surface tension at ink/air interface
    • Position of the interface part of the solution
  • Mathematical model
    • Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with variable density, variable viscosity, surface tension and gravitation
    • Level set method to track the moving ink/air interface in detail
    • Axisymmetric model

Part initially filled with air

Inlet

Target

Part initially filled with ink

fluid flow model

External forces or gravity

Surface tension

Fluid flow model
  • Fluid flow is governed by the Navier-Stokes equations:
  •  is the interface curvature.
  •  is the delta function concentrated to the interface.
  •  is the surface tension coefficient.
  • n is the unit normal to the interface.
  • ρ and μ is the density and viscosity, different for each fluid.
representation of fluid interface
Representation of fluid interface
  • The fluid interface is modeled with the level set function .
  •  smooth step function:  < 0.5 in air,  > 0.5 in ink.  = 0.5 defines the fluid interface.
  •  is transported with the velocity of the fluid:
  • Interface normal, curvature, density and viscosity are computed from :
modeling in comsol multiphysics 3 3a
Modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics 3.3a
  • Application mode Level set Two-Phase Flow automatically sets up all equations
  • In the graphical user interface you only need to specify the physical properties of the fluids (viscosity, density, surface tension), the gravity vector and the initial distribution and velocity of the fluids
  • Easy to revolve the solution to visualize solution in 3D
slide7

Results

  • Size and speed of ejected droplet can be calculated
  • Influence of geometry, fluid properties etc can be studied