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Joint Session of the OECD Working Party on Financial Statistics and the OECD Working Party on National Accounts Paris, October 25 – 27, 2011. Sectoral Accounts, Balance Sheets, and Flow of Funds: Progress and Future Plans. Manik Shrestha IMF Statistics Department.

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Sectoral Accounts, Balance Sheets, and Flow of Funds: Progress and Future Plans


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sectoral accounts balance sheets and flow of funds progress and future plans

Joint Session of the OECD Working Party on Financial Statistics and the OECD Working Party on National Accounts

Paris, October 25–27, 2011

Sectoral Accounts, Balance Sheets, and Flow of Funds: Progress and Future Plans

Manik Shrestha

IMF Statistics Department

The views expressed herein are those of the author and should not be attributed to the IMF, its Executive Board, or its management.

background
Background
  • In November 2009, the IMF/FSB report to the G-20, The Financial Crisis and Information Gaps, identified a need to address data gaps, grouped into four main inter-related areas:
    • Build-up of risk in the financial sector
    • Cross-border financial linkages
    • Vulnerability of domestic economies to shocks
    • Improving communications of official statistics
    • Latest report in June 2011:http://www.imf.org/external/np/g20/pdf/063011.pdf
  • 20 Recommendations to address data gaps were identified
    • Although initiatives started with G-20 endorsement and periodic reports submitted to G-20, the data gaps initiatives have global perspectives and implications
  • Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics, created in December 2008, oversees and coordinates the implementation of recommendations
    • Members are BIS, ECB, Eurostat, IMF (Chair) OECD, World Bank, and UN
g 20 recommendation 15
G-20 Recommendation #15
  • The IAG, which includes all agencies represented in the Inter-Secretariat Working Group on National Accounts, to develop a strategy to promote the compilation and dissemination of the balance sheet approach (BSA), flow of funds, and sectoral data more generally, starting with the G-20 economies. Data on nonbank financial institutions should be a particular priority. The experience of the ECB and Eurostat within Europe and the OECD should be drawn upon. In the medium term, including more sectoral balance sheet data in the data categories of the Special Data Dissemination Standard could be considered.
work to date and progress
Work to date and progress
  • An IAG Working Group leads and takes forward work on implementation
    • Members are BIS, ECB, Eurostat, IMF (Chair) OECD, and UN
  • A joint IMF-OECD Conference on Strengthening Sectoral Position and Flow Data in the Macroeconomic Accounts at IMF Headquarters during February 28 – March 2, 2011
  • A meeting of the IAG WG during September 12 – 23, 2011 at OECD Headquarters
imf oecd conference
IMF-OECD Conference
  • An important milestone in taking forward the work on implementing Rec. 15
    • Provided guidance towards a minimum set of internationally comparable sectoral accounts (Template)
    • Discussed priorities for compilation and dissemination of sectoral accounts by the G-20 economies and non-G-20 advanced economies
    • Reached common understanding for improvements of sectoral national accounts
    • Attended by about 70 professionals from central banks and national statistical offices of G-20 economies and some non-G-20 advanced economies and international organizations
    • Papers and conclusions at http://www.imf.org/external/np/seminars/eng/2011/sta/index.htm
conference template for sectoral accounts
Conference: Template for sectoral accounts
  • The conference provided sufficient guidance for developing a Template for ensuring dissemination of minimum set of internationally comparable sectoral accounts and on the encouraged details
    • Minimum and encouraged sector and sub-sector breakdowns
    • Transaction breakdowns in current and capital accounts
    • Classification of financial instruments
    • Classification of nonfinancial assets
    • Move towards quarterly frequency
    • Encourage financial positions and flows on a from-whom-to-whom basis

 IAG WG to finalize the Template

conference other topics on the implementation
Conference: Other topics on the implementation
  • Time frame for implementation
    • Initial phase within 3 years to coincide with 2008 SNA implementation by many advanced economies by 2014
  • Priorities
    • Start with the minimum set of internationally comparable sectoral accounts
    • Expand the sector, financial instrument, and nonfinancial asset details
    • Compile financial positions and flows on a from-whom-to-whom basis (starting with positions for specific sectors and instruments)
  • Outreach, technical assistance and training
    • For countries with good statistical systems – outreach through workshops and meetings
    • For countries with less developed statistical systems – technical assistance and training
  • Arrangements for collection and dissemination of sectoral accounts
    • Eurostat, ECB, OECD and IMF to coordinate work for collecting data from countries using existing efforts of Eurostat, ECB and OECD
iag wg meeting in september 2011
IAG WG Meeting in September 2011
  • Focused on the way forward for implementation of the work on sectoral accounts, balance sheets and flow of funds
    • International collaboration, including consultation with countries
    • Priorities
    • Time tables
    • Outputs
    • Allocation of responsibilities
  • Four main areas
    • Posting of available sectoral accounts and balance sheets on the IAG’s Principal Global Indicators website (PGI)
    • Developing a data reporting template
    • Promoting the compilation of flow of funds (positions and flows on a from-whom-to-whom basis)
    • SDMX and data collection, sharing, and dissemination
posting of available sectoral accounts
Posting of available sectoral accounts
  • Initial focus on G-20 economies and other five FSB members
  • Data reported to Eurostat, ECB and OECD
    • Quarterly non-financial accounts reported to Eurostat for some countries are for internal use only
    • Quarterly sectoral accounts and balance sheets reported to OECD are to be finalized for dissemination
    • Plan to publish by early 2012 on the PGI
developing a data reporting template
Developing a data reporting template
  • Refine the Template discuss at the IMF-OECD Conference
  • Develop data reporting template in Excel
    • Circulate to countries in early 2012 to facilitate their implementation of the 2008 SNA/ESA 2010
      • Eurostat – Quarterly current and capital accounts
      • ECB – Quarterly financial account and positions
      • OECD – Annual stock of non-financial assets
template quarterly current and capital accounts
Template: Quarterly current and capital accounts
  • Transactions details are at a more aggregated level than in 2008 SNA
  • Sector details
    • Non-financial corporations
        • Of which public corporations
    • Financial corporations
        • Of which public corporations
      • Monetary financial institutions
      • Insurance and pension funds
      • Other financial corporations
    • General government
    • Households and NPISHs
    • ROW
template annual stocks of non financial assets
Template: Annual stocks of non-financial assets
  • Sector details: same as for current and capital accounts
    • Non-financial corporations
        • Of which public corporations
    • Financial corporations
        • Of which public corporations
      • Monetary financial institutions
      • Insurance and pension funds
      • Other financial corporations
    • General government
    • Households and NPISHs
    • ROW
flow of funds financial positions and flows on a from whom to whom basis
Flow of Funds (financial positions and flows on a from-whom-to-whom basis)
  • Acknowledged that until countries implement 2008 SNA and the recommendations on sectoral accounts and balance sheets, progress would be slow
    • Priority until 2014 is completion of 2008 SNA implementation
    • Work on flow of funds is expected to intensify after 2014
  • Agreed to continue work on promoting the development of flow of funds
    • Broader conceptual framework (including dealing with counterparty sectors and economies in ROW)
    • Implementation priorities and steps
    • Compilation issues
  • Agreed to explore the possibility of forming a small informal international group including the IAG WG on sectoral accounts and representatives from a few countries
sdmx and data collection sharing and dissemination
SDMX and data collection, sharing, and dissemination
  • SDMX work for national accounts is being led by ECB, Eurostat and OECD
    • Aims to complete the work ahead of the 2008 SNA-based data transmission in EU
    • Coordination with SDMX projects for other macroeconomic statistics domains
  • Data collection, sharing, and dissemination
    • ECB, Eurostat, IMF and OECD to work together
      • Objective is to ask a country to submit sectoral accounts data to one international agency only