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Physical Properties. Make your own flipbook for IAN page 38. Take a blank sheet of paper from the blue folder and fold in half hamburger style. Open your paper and fold the two sides in to meet at the middle. Center fold.

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physical properties

Physical Properties

Make your own flipbook for IAN page 38


With the paper folded still, fold it in half hamburger style twice and then open

    • You should have 8 boxes on your paper now like so:
    • Cut along each of the 6 folds to create 8 flaps – do not cut through the back of the paper!!!!

You should not have a flipbook that looks like this:

  • As we go over the different physical properties, write their name on the outside of one flap and their definition on the back of the flap
    • You will add a picture for each later
1 st flap physical properties
1st flap – Physical Properties
  • Physical properties are any characteristic of matter than can be observed without changing what the matter is
    • They can be observed using one or more of your five senses
      • EX: color, shape, odor, volume, mass, strength, etc…
2 nd flap solubility
2nd Flap: Solubility
  • The ability to dissolve into another substance
  • Ex: Salt is soluble in water
    • It dissolves in water to make salt water
  • What are other examples of solubility?
    • Sugar
    • Kool aid
    • Alka seltzer
3 rd flap ductility
3rd Flap: Ductility
  • The ability to be pulled into wires
    • Ex: copper is used for most wiring in electronics because of its high ductility – it can be made into very thin, very long wires
  • Doesn’t always have to be thin
  • What are some other examples of ductility?
    • Platinum, silver and gold in jewelry
    • Iron used to make screws and bolts
4 th flap malleability
4th flap: Malleability
  • The ability to mold and shape matter
    • Often describing how well it flattens out
    • Ex: aluminum for cans and foil
  • What are other examples?
    • Iron flattened into wrenches
    • Steel flattened to make work surfaces
    • Gold can be flattened to make gold leaf for decorating
5 th flap melting point
5th Flap: melting Point
  • The temperature where a substance changes from a solid to a liquid
    • EX: when ice reaches its melting point, it changes to liquid water
  • What are other examples?
    • Popsicle melting
    • Crayons melting
    • Wax melting
6 th flap boiling point
6th flap: Boiling Point
  • The temperature where a substance changes from a liquid to a gas
    • EX: when water boils and turns to steam at 100 degrees C
  • What are some other examples?
    • Aluminum boils at 2467 degrees C (4472 F!)
    • Gold boils at 2807 degrees C (5084 F!)
7 th flap electrical conductivity
7th Flap: Electrical Conductivity
  • The ability to allow an electric current to flow through a material
    • Allows electrons to move through
    • EX: copper is highly electrically conductive and is therefore used in electronics wiring
8 th flap thermal conductivity
8th Flap: Thermal Conductivity
  • The ability to pass heat through a substance
    • Metals are extremely thermal conductive that is why they get so hot
    • EX: car hood on a summer day
  • Other examples:
    • metal spoon/fork in your hot dinner will become hot itself because it is transferring that heat