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One Voice Pre-Legislative Forum Maximizing Federal Funds: The State Budget September 27, 2006. Eva DeLuna Castro, Senior Budget Analyst Center for Public Policy Priorities deluna.castro@cppp.org. Presentation Outline. Brought to you by the federal government: Information 2) Money

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one voice pre legislative forum maximizing federal funds the state budget september 27 2006

One Voice Pre-Legislative ForumMaximizing Federal Funds: The State BudgetSeptember 27, 2006

Eva DeLuna Castro, Senior Budget AnalystCenter for Public Policy Priorities

deluna.castro@cppp.org

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Brought to you by the federal government:
  • Information 2) Money
  • More details on how federal funds in the state budget are serving Harris County; how that could change in 2007 legislative session
slide3

By ethnicity: In Texas, 23% of African-Americans; 26% of Hispanics; 7.5% of non-Hispanic Whites; and 12% of Asian-Americans live below the poverty line ($9,800/year for one person; $16,600 for a family of 3)

By age group: 25% of children in Texas live below the poverty line; 13% of Texans ages 65 and over live in poverty. US averages: 19% poverty for children; 10% for age 65 and over.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, March Current Population Survey

acs 2005 growth continues but poverty increases even more
ACS 2005: Growth Continues, But Poverty Increases Even More

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

acs 2005 child poverty increase is especially troubling
ACS 2005: Child Poverty Increase is Especially Troubling

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

harris county residents 2005 3 6 million people total
Harris County Residents, 20053.6 million people total

Poverty rates by ethnicity:

18% overall

Hispanic: 26%

African-American: 26%

White/Other: 8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

harris county residents by age and poverty 2005
Harris County Residents by Age and Poverty, 2005

Poverty rates: 28.5% 25.5% 15.7% 8.9% 12.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

harris county adults by education poverty status 2005 age 25
Harris County Adults by Education & Poverty Status, 2005(Age 25+)

Poverty rates: 27.4% 14.0% 9.2% 3.5% 3.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

slide9
Educational Enrollment of Harris County Residents, 2005 (Age 3+) Totals: 897,900 in public, 121,100 in private, 2.4 million not enrolled

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

slide10

Federal Spending in Harris County, 2004

Texas

$142 b

$6,313 per capita

Harris

County

$15.8 b

$4,388 per capita

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Consolidated Federal Funds Reports

state govt spending in harris county 2005
State Govt. Spending in Harris County, 2005

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

state govt spending of k 12 federal funds
State Govt. Spending of K-12 Federal Funds

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

state govt spending hhsc federal funds
State Govt. Spending, HHSC Federal Funds

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

state govt spending dads federal funds
State Govt. Spending, DADS Federal Funds

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

state govt spending of other hhs federal funds
State Govt. Spending of Other HHS Federal Funds

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

state govt spending of federal highway funds
State Govt. Spending of Federal Highway Funds

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

higher ed minimal federal funds in state budget
Higher Ed: Minimal Federal Funds in State Budget

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

prison system doesn t add much in federal funds either
Prison System Doesn’t Add Much in Federal Funds Either

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

workforce system almost entirely federally funded
Workforce System Almost Entirely Federally Funded

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

other state govt spending of federal funds 2005
Other State Govt. Spending of Federal Funds, 2005

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

recap state and federal funding of state govt services in harris county 2005
Recap: State and Federal Funding of State Govt. Services in Harris County, 2005

Source: Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, County Expenditures

boosting harris county s share of state spending
Boosting Harris County’s Share of State Spending
  • In 2005, Harris County accounted for 14% of state spending, but it is home to 16% of the state’s residents
  • How to improve that statistic:
  • Work with Harris County delegation to see that state formulas to distribute federal funds (county allocations, rates, regional distributions) don’t put local service providers at a disadvantage
  • Make sure that eligible residents are being served by Medicaid, Food Stamps, other major programs
  • Understand what budget cuts (10% reduction proposals for 2008-09) will cost in lost federal funds and the services they provide
recent changes food stamp enrollment in harris county
Recent Changes, Food Stamp Enrollment in Harris County

Source: Texas Health and Human Services Commission

harris county residents by age and poverty 20051
Harris County Residents by Age and Poverty, 2005

Poverty rates: 28.5% 25.5% 15.7% 8.9% 12.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 American Community Survey

recent changes tanf enrollment in harris county
Recent Changes, TANF Enrollment in Harris County

Source: Texas Health and Human Services Commission

texas child medicaid and chip enrollment jan 2002 august 2006
Texas Child Medicaid and CHIPEnrollment(Jan. 2002-August 2006)

Sources: Enrollment from Texas Health and Human Services Commission; Uninsured from Census Bureau March Current Population Survey.

harris county medicaid chip enrollment august 2005 august 2006
Harris County Medicaid & CHIPEnrollment(August 2005-August 2006)

Source: Texas Health and Human Services Commission.

governor s budget instructions for 2008 09
Governor’s Budget Instructions for 2008-09
  • 10% Cut in General Revenue and GR-Dedicated funds: except for Medicaid and foster care CASELOAD (but not COST) increases, most budget proposals for state services must reflect a 10% reduction in state funding, even if this means that state won’t meet minimum match or maintenance of effort (MOE) requirements
  • Why is this being done? (especially after 5%-cut-instructions in 2005, and 12.5%-cut in 2003)
  • It’s a “useful planning exercise”
  • It’ll create confusion about exceptional items needed to keep things from getting worse (restoration), exceptional items that are “current services” (need more money to do the same thing, because it costs more), and exceptional items that would be an actual improvement or expansion
  • If 10% cuts can actually be implemented, some General Revenue will become available to pay for supplemental spending needs for the current year (fiscal 2007) and/or for newly enacted school property tax cuts

Source: Health and Human Services Commission, LAR 2008-09.

state own source spending revenue
State “Own Source” Spending/Revenue

“Own Source” = not counting federal funds. “Needs” does not include more than $3 billion in GR funding requested for improvements or restorations.

hhsc budget request for 2008 09
HHSC Budget Request for 2008-09
  • 10% Instructions: would require $72 million cut in General Revenue spending, plus the loss of $106 million in federal funds and layoffs of 550 state employees
  • Base increase: $711 million more in General Revenue, mostly for caseload growth in Medicaid, would draw down another $611 million in federal funds
  • Exceptional items:
  • $1.8 billion in GR to deal with Medicaid and CHIP cost increases—what state pays for medical services/drugs—would draw down $2.8 billion in federal funds; $237 million GR and $370 million federal would restore rates to 2003 levels
  • $255 million in GR for HHS waiting lists, mostly for community care, would draw down $282 million in federal funds
  • Restoring CHIP perinatal coverage would save $20 million in GR and draw down $157 million more in federal dollars, vs. covering these infants in Medicaid

Source: Health and Human Services Commission, LAR 2008-09.

aging disabilities budget for 2008 09
Aging & Disabilities Budget for 2008-09

10% Instructions: would require $112 million cut in General Revenue spending, plus the loss of $130 million in federal funds and layoffs of 298 state employees. Client impacts: Community Based Alternatives Waiver (CBA): 2,261 fewer served; Home and Community Based Services (HCS): 1,119 fewer served; Community Living Assistance (CLASS): 316 fewer served; Deaf Blind Multiple Disabilities (-14); Medically Dependent Children (-213); Consolidated Waiver Program (-18); Texas Home Living Waiver (-198); Non-Medicaid Services (-131); Mental Retardation Community Services (-799); In Home and Family Support (-391); MR In-Home Services (-275)

Base increase: $71 million more in General Revenue, mostly for caseload growth in Medicaid, would draw down another $148 million in federal funds

Exceptional items:

$84 million in GR would draw down $129 million in federal funds to maintain caseloads for waiver programs; $8 million in GR and $12 million federal would fund Promoting Independence to get 240 ICF-MR clients and 120 children leaving foster care into the HCS Waiver program

Source: Dept. of Aging and Disabilities Services, LAR 2008-09.

family protective services budget for 2008 09
Family & Protective Services Budget for 2008-09
  • 10% Instructions: $40 million cut in General Revenue spending, all of which would be made to prevention services. Client impacts:STAR would serve 3,262 fewer youth every month; Community Youth Development (CYD) clientele would be cut by 1,447; Texas Families would reach 1,842 fewer families; and other at-risk prevention services would reach 1,497 fewer children.
  • Base increase: $674 million more in General Revenue, mostly to replace “Rainy Day Fund” dollars used in 2006-07 for CPS reform and foster care
  • Exceptional items:
  • $95 million in GR to continue CPS/APS reform and adjust for method of finance changes (draws down $28 million in federal funds; 1,475 staff would be funded)
  • $51 million in GR to keep CPS caseloads from getting worse (draws down $12 million federal; funds 550 caseworkers and other staff)
  • $13 million GR to expand community-based prevention programs

Source: Dept. of Family and Protective Services, LAR 2008-09.

state health services budget for 2008 09
State Health Services Budget for 2008-09

10% Instructions: would require $236 million cut in GR-related spending, plus the loss of $59 million in federal funds and layoffs of 693 state employees.

Major cuts:

$45 million GR-Dedicated for WIC Nutrition/Farmers Markets;

$41 m GR + $38 m federal for adult mental health services (7,728 clients);

$8.5 million GR + $8 m federal for children’s MH services (842 clients);

$7.6 m GR + $7 m federal for NorthSTAR Behavioral Health waiver;

$4.6 m GR + $5 m federal for substance abuse.

GR cuts to Maternal & Child Health could endanger the whole federal grant ($35 million annually).

Exceptional items: Other than restoring the 10% GR cut, DSHS exceptional items would not expand the use of federal funds, but would improve staffing for various public health programs. 97 new positions would be funded for state mental hospitals (to continue the capacity increase approved for 2006-07); 123 staff would provide preparedness/prevention/emergency response services to the 188 counties that lack a public health authority.

Source: Dept. of State Health Services, LAR 2008-09.

assistive rehabilitative svcs budget for 2008 09
Assistive & Rehabilitative Svcs. Budget for 2008-09

10% Instructions: would require $13 million cut in General Revenue spending, plus the loss of $45 million in federal funds and layoffs of 168 state employees. Rehab/employment programs for blind/visually impaired and for deaf would be cut; general vocational rehab program would serve 13,875 fewer clients.

Base increase: $9 million more in General Revenue (before 10% cut) would draw down another $36 million in federal funds

Exceptional items:

$8 million in GR would draw down $33 million in federal funds, newly available because of 3.5% annual increase in Vocational Rehabilitation Grant, and prevent the creation of a waiting list. $3.70 in federal funds for every $1 in GR

Legislature could also approve staffing increase of 122 employees in fiscal 2008, plus another 40 employees in 2009, for SSI and SSDI determination (100% federally funded)

Source: Dept. of Assistive & Rehabilitative Services, LAR 2008-09.

federal reauthorization needed
Federal Reauthorization Needed

HIV Care Formula Grant: authorization expired at end of fiscal 2005. Congress could change formulas to favor Southern states. $73 million in fiscal 2006.

Special Programs for the Aging (Nutrition & Supportive Services): $55 million a year for DADS

Refugee and Entrant Assistance: no match required. Funds cash & medical assistance, social services, some admin costs. $16 million in fiscal 2006.

Family Planning Services: $14 million annually to Dept. of State Health Svcs.

Family Caregiver Support: $8 million/yr for Texas for support svcs for family caregivers and for grandparents/other older adults who care for relatives

Preventive Health Services: Sexually Transmitted Disease Control Grants: $7 million a year for Dept. of State Health Services

Source: LBB, Top 100 Federal Funding Sources, April 2006.

more information
More Information

Legislative Budget Board, Top 100 Federal Funding Sources and Federal Funds Watch (newsletter): http://www.lbb.state.tx.us/Federal_Funds/Federal_Funds.htm

Texas Office of State-Federal Relations, News from Washington and more:

http://www.osfr.state.tx.us/

Source: LBB, Top 100 Federal Funding Sources, April 2006.

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