Hinduism History The Vedic people who spoke Sanskrit and came to dominate the Indus Valley called themselves … • Conquerors • Norsemen • “The wise ones” • Aryans • Armenians
History The oldest, most famous Vedic text has a creation account we studied in class. Which text is it from: • Rig Veda • Sama Veda • Yajur Veda • Atharva Veda • Vel Veda
History The Upanishads are also called __________ because they come at the end of the Vedas. • Vedexits • Vedantas • Vedends • Ventriliquists • Venders
Deep Philosophy The Veda we discussed in class claims the cause of the universe must be neither existing nor non-existing. Which famous principle supports the second claim (‘nothing’ cannot be the cause of the universe): • Principle of Sufficient Reasoning • Principle of Superior Reality • Principle of Sufficient Reason • Principle of Causal Dependency • Principle of Satisfying Reasons
Deep Philosophy The Veda we discussed in class claims the cause of the universe must be neither existing nor non-existing. What kinds of existence might suffice for the first option? ____________ and ____________.
Deep Philosophy Who claimed that perfect goodness must create because it acts “without jealousy”? • Plato • Pseudo-Dionysius • Aquinas • St. Thomas • Aristotle
Deep Philosophy Rig Veda 10.129, v. 2 tells us “THAT ONE breathed without breath, by its own impulse.” Explain in one sentence the point being made.
Brahman The name comes from a Sanskrit word, Brh, meaning: • Cold, Brrr!, Icy space! • Bear, carry, support • Bare, uncluttered, simple • Brace, block, boundry • Balance, harmony, agreement
Brahman Early Vedic sages believed we can only form a concept of Brahman through… • Negation or ‘the negative way’ • Direct, mystical experience • Sensory experience • Revelation or inspiration • Hallucinogens
Brahman All Hindus believe that Brahman is an impersonal force, rather than a personal God. • True • False
Atman In class we distinguished between Atman and the ___________ self. • Ultimate • Divided • Spiritual • Empirical • Self-as-object
Atman Simple things cannot be defined by listing parts … they are defined by pointing. Atman can’t be pointed at, and appears to be simple. Because of this, we used what in class to form the concept… • Analogies • Puzzling grammar • Mystical experiences • 1 & 2 • 2 & 3
Atman Tat TvamAsi means … • You’re what now? • That is it! • I and Thou! • That art thou! • Where art thou?
What We Want… Which of the following is NOT mentioned among “things we want according to Hinduism” … • Activity • Success • Making a difference • Pleasure • Being
What We Want One reason Smith offers that Hinduism sees the life of pleasure as unsatisfying is … • All human existence is suffering • The self is too small • Pleasure gets to be boring • You will worry about losing it • Unsatisfying? Hinduism values it highest!
What We Want The life of success is composed of what 3 things? • Activity, entertainment, exercise • Marriage, children, wealth • Fame, power, wealth • Honor, power, humility • Sex, food, more sex
What We REALLY Want… Hinduism says that we really want … • knowledge, existence, success • Being, knowledge, power • Being, power, success • Existence, knowledge, wisdom • Being, knowledge, joy
What We REALLY Want… Hinduism’s conclusions about what we really want permit you to be blissfully satisfied all alone. • True • False Say why …
Karma Explain why I am not free to harm or help whomever I want on the Hindu conception of Karma.