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France’s Government 1774-1804. Published by Connor L. & Hunter D. Absolute Monarchy Under Louis XVI. Louis XVI ruled from 1774-1792

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France s government 1774 1804

France’s Government1774-1804

Published by Connor L. & Hunter D.

Absolute monarchy under louis xvi
Absolute Monarchy Under Louis XVI

  • Louis XVI ruled from 1774-1792

  • Louis’ financial advisor Necker supported the American Revolution which led to great debt as the result of great loans and lack of proper taxation on the people.

  • As Louis began to lose power he called on the Estates General to help his favor with peasants in 1788 which led to the French Revolution.

  • Louis was executed on January 21st, 1793 by the National Convention.

  • The French monarchy was in place for 1,306 years starting with Clovis King of the Franks.

The national assembly
The National Assembly

  • Put in place during Louis XVI’s rule to deal with financial crisis

    • The National Assembly was in power from June 17, 1789 - July 9, 1789

      • They vowed NOT to disband until a written constitution was completed. It would call for a Constitutional (checked) monarchy.

    • Jacques Necker proposed the plan to clean up his failed attempt as the financial advisor to the king by helping the estates join together.

    • Under the National Assembly the Tennis Court Oath was decreed by the third estate who were led by Honoré Gabriel Riquete.

    • The Storming of the Bastille marked the end of the National Assembly led by the Parisian Government.

The constituent assembly
The Constituent Assembly

  • The Constituent Assembly ruled from July 9, - September 30, 1791

  • The National Assembly transformed into the Constituent Assembly after they promised to form a constitution for the Third Estate

  • Historian Timothy Tackett states that the number of member increased to 1,177.

  • Among the Assembly’s leaders included Marquis de Lafayette who pushed for a common constitution

  • The Assembly ended after the constitution was formed on September 30th, 1791 and power was handed to the Legislative Assembly

  • The legislative assembly
    The Legislative Assembly

    • The Legislative Assembly ruled October 1, 1791 - September 1792 after the formation of a Constitution.

    • Created after the National Constituent Assembly dissolved due to its radical ideas.

    • Louis XVI formed a series of cabinets as conservative as the Girondists

    • Louis XVI vetoed enforcement of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy due to him not wanting to lose his pension.

    • Napoleon III dissolved the legislative Assembly because of the fact it gave too much freedom to vote.

    National convention
    National Convention

    • The National Convention was in power from September 21st, 1792 to October 26, 1795

    • After Louis XVI was suspended from power in 1972 the National Convention was put in place to conceive a Constitution.

    • In order to regulate power the Convention set up “Committees” the most famous of which was the Committee of Public Safety.

    • From the National Convention rose two parties the moderate Girondins and the radical Jacobins.

    • The biggest concern to the National Convention was what to do with the King and the Jacobin party decided on executing him on January 21st, 1793.

    The directory
    The Directory

    • The directory lasted from November 2, 1795 until November 10, 1799.

    • The directory was a response to Robespierre reign of terror

    • The Directory revoking these powers is known as the Thermidorian reaction.

    • All people eventually resigned from the directory except for Golouand Moulan

    • However it was known for its military successes led by Houche

    The consulate
    The Consulate

    • The Consulate ruled from the fall of the Directory in 1799 until Napoleon became emperor in 1804

    • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès helped in abolishing the Directory by moving the members out of power after brutal war losses.

    • In 1799 Napoleon initiated a coup d'é tat that pushed the Directory officials out of office thus ending the rule of the Directory.

    • The Consulate was then established as a Republic but Napoleon wanted full power.

    • After numerous war victories and a bit of shady politics Napoleon was able to name himself Emperor of France and the Consulate ended.