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BBSO 2007 Science Planning. Focal Plane Instruments. AO (Wenda, Nicolas, Deqing, Patricia and Park) IRIM (Wenda and Park) VIM (Chang Liu, Na Deng and Carsten) Real-time Speckle (Ed Komenda and Carsten, taken over by Chang and Na as the one of first-light NST instruments)

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focal plane instruments
Focal Plane Instruments
  • AO (Wenda, Nicolas, Deqing, Patricia and Park)
  • IRIM (Wenda and Park)
  • VIM (Chang Liu, Na Deng and Carsten)
  • Real-time Speckle (Ed Komenda and Carsten, taken over by Chang and Na as the one of first-light NST instruments)
  • Interim Halpha (Vasyl, John, Tom, Randy)
data processing tools
Data Processing Tools
  • Analyzing tools for current DMG: Ju Jing and Vasyl
  • 180-degree ambiguity: Ju Jing, Vasyl and Valentina,
  • De-projection and calibration: Ju Jing and Vasyl
  • Fabry-Perot data analyses

(flat field, rotation): Wenda, Carsten and Park,

  • Stokes Inversion: Chang Liu
  • Polarization Correction: Carsten and Angelo
  • Halpha Network Data: Vasyl
Backbone grants are used to support technical staff, except students:

Jun Ma, Park, Changyi Tan and Patricia Jibben (to join us in Sept.)

  • Core and Large Scale Magnetic Structure

of flares and CMEs (Chang Liu)

Moreton Waves/ Type II Bursts, Reversed type III bursts

Field Evolution

halpha network
Halpha Network

Vasyl and Ju Jing

Filament Oscillation

Magnetic Reconnection

Magnetic Topology of CME and Magnetic Clouds



NASA/LWS project : “Understanding magnetic complexity in active regions from structure functions of observed magnetic fields”

PI: Vasyl Yurchyshyn

Support Valentina

1. Collaboration with the Heliospheric Focus Team (T. Zurbuchen, L Fisk,

S. Antiohos). In particular, acquisition of parameters of magnetic field

Inside CHs and testing of different mechanisms for coronal hole formation and

solar wind acceleration.

2. Magnetic power spectrum from full-disk MDI magnetograms.

3. Coronal heating and photospheric parameters (power index and magnetic energy dissipation).

4. Analysis of intermittency of solar turbulence.

rhessi gi

Haimin, Ju, Haisheng, Jiong, Hudson and Lixun Li (student)

Elementary Bursts

Contraction motion of ribbons

Field Evolution


Students: Gang Fu, Hui Song, Ed Komenda and Naomi

Artificial Intelligence

Real-time data processing

Space Weather forecasting

hmi sdo contract
HMI/SDO Contract


Development of tools to handle vector magnetograms

solar b contract
Solar-B Contract


Use IRIM to co-observe with SOT


Space Weather proposal (pending) : Observed Elongation of LASCO Halo CMEs and its Connection to the Structure of Magnetic Clouds

By Vasyl Yurchyshyn

Solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) usually exhibits a complex three-part structure which includes a magnetic flux rope and it is thought that the orientation of a halo CME elongation corresponds to the orientation of the flux rope.

Our recent preliminary study showed that for about 64% of CME-ICME events, their orientations do not change significantly (less than 45 deg rotation) while traveling in the heliosphere to the near earth environment. These findings thus strongly motivate the work presented in this proposal.

Specifically, we will further investigate, via data analysis and with reference to relevant models, the correspondence between the elongation of halo CMEs, the structure of magnetic clouds (MCs) and the tilt of the heliospheric current sheet.

To achieve our goal, we will measure:

-the tilt of at least 35+ elongated halos;

-the orientations of the corresponding MCs;

-the local tilt (near a CME source region) of the heliospheric current sheet and

-the magnetic orientation angle in solar active regions.

Erupting flux rope model will be used to fit the observed structure of MCs and to produce synthetic coronagraphic images.

valentyna abramenko pending projects

Valentyna Abramenko: pending projects

Research topics: magnetic fields in coronal holes (with L.Fisk);

intermittency of the magnetic field of the solar wind ( with B.Vasquez).

2. NASA/SW : “Turbulence in the Solar Photosphere”

Research topics: power index as a tool to predict flare productivity of ARs

(with V Yurchyshyn).; study of the turbulence in the photosphere.

1. NASA/LWS : “Distribution and Dynamics of the Magnetic Flux on the Base of the

Solar Heliosphere ” (as extension of the current 2-year project)

other pending proposals
Other Pending Proposals

Solar Flare Prediction (Ju Jing)

Artificial Intelligence (Ju Jing)

Development of EFRs

Applied Information Research

Coronal Heating

Flows in ARs