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Alternative Care for the Mind and Body

Alternative Care for the Mind and Body

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Alternative Care for the Mind and Body

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  1. Session 1 Mind/Body Modalities Alternative Care for the Mind and Body By Jennifer Kitchen July 1, 2013

  2. “Natural forces within us are the true healers of disease.” Hippocrates • The Staff of Asclepius • The Hippocratic Oath (Blayney, 2005) (Tyson, 2001)

  3. Overview • Mind and Body Connection • Stress • Relaxation • Meditation • Talk therapy

  4. The Mind/Body Connection • Philosophies and Beliefs Throughout the Ages • Healing by “tapping the Natural Forces” • Dreams give clairvoyance • A spiritual center within each human being • The mind rules over the body • (Micozzi, 2011)

  5. The Mind/Body Connection • Fundamental Tenets of Mind/Body Medicine • Concept of treating the whole person • Patients are active participants • By managing own mental processes patients • may prevent disease • shorten course of disease • (Micozzi, 2011)

  6. The Mind/Body Connection • A person has a body and a mind. • Bodies are intact, damaged, or destroyed. • Minds are active, impaired, or inactive. • (Gordon and Hobbs, 2011) (Gordon and Hobbs, 2011)

  7. Stress • “The Rate of Wear and Tear on the Body” • People respond to stress • Emotionally • Mentally • Physically • (Micozzi, 2011)

  8. Stress • Causes of Stress • Change • Challenges • Frustrations • Conflicting demands • Loss and grief • Suffering • (Micozzi, 2011)

  9. Stress • “Fight or Flight Response” • Accelerated heartbeat • Most blood vessels constrict • Blood vessels in the skeletal muscle dilate • Digestion decreases • Body sweat increases • Epinephrine secretion increases • (Thibodeau and Patton, 2008)

  10. Stress • Stress Management Techniques • Relaxation • Meditation • Talk therapy

  11. Relaxation • Ways to Reach Relaxation • Meditation • Yoga • Progressive Relaxation • Hypnosis • (Micozzi, 2011)

  12. Relaxation • Four Common Elements of Relaxation • Quiet environment • Focus (object, visualization, breath) • Passive attitude • Comfortable position • (Micozzi, 2011)

  13. Relaxation • Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) • Tense up a specific muscle • Then relax the same muscle • Works by working through a sequence of body parts • Train your body to respond differently to stress • (Center for Clinical Interventions, n.d.)

  14. Meditation • Mind and Body are One • Meditation is used to • Realign the mind and body • Create a harmonious mind/body interaction • Relieve stress on the body and the mind • (Micozzi, 2011)

  15. Meditation • Common Objective of Meditation • Still the restlessness of the mind • Inward focus to heal and stay healthy • Types of Meditation • Transcendental Meditation (TM) • Mindfulness • (Micozzi, 2011)

  16. Meditation • The Benefits of Meditation • Relieve symptoms of chronic pain • Better control of alpha rhythms • Better focus • Cultivation of internal awareness • Better control of stress • (Trafton, 2011)

  17. Talk Therapy • Why we talk… • “Talking things out” assists in finding solutions • To strengthen relationships • Helps maintain good mental health • Being listened to • Allows a person to feel cared about • (Mental Health Foundation, 2009)

  18. Talk Therapy • Many Kinds of Talk Therapy • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) • Psychodynamic therapy • Humanistic therapy • (Mental Health Foundation, 2009)

  19. Talk Therapy • A Good Therapist • Listens and values the individual • Assists them in learning to change • Challenges negative thoughts • Reinforces positive thoughts • (Mental Health Foundation, 2009)

  20. Questions

  21. Time to Relax

  22. References • Blayney, K., (2005). The Caduceus vs. the Staff of Asclepius. Retrieved from http://drblayney.com/Asclepius.html • Gordon, A.S. and Hobbs, J.R., (2011). A Commonsense Theory of Mind-Body Interaction. http://isi.usc.edu/~hobbs/cs11-body-interaction.pdf • Mental Health Foundation, (2009). Talking therapies explained. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/content/assets/PDF/publications/talking_therapies_explained.pdf • Micozzi, M.S., (2011). Fundamentals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (fourth edition). Missouri; Saunders Elsevier. • Trafton, A., (2011). The Benefits of Meditation; MIT and Harvard neuroscientists explain why the practice helps tune out distractions and relieve pain. http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2011/meditation-0505.html • Tyson, P. (2001). The Hippocratic Oath Today. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/hippocratic-oath-today.html