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Chapter 3 Review. Test Questions Included!. Erosion and Deposition. What is the major agent of erosion that shapes Earth? What are the four types of mass movement and how are they alike? How are they different?. Moving Water!!! Landslide, Mudflow, Creep, and Slump

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chapter 3 review

Chapter 3 Review

Test Questions Included!

erosion and deposition
Erosion and Deposition
  • What is the major agent of erosion that shapes Earth?
  • What are the four types of mass movement and how are they alike?
  • How are they different?
  • Moving Water!!!
  • Landslide, Mudflow, Creep, and Slump
  • They are all caused primarily by gravity.
  • They differ in water content and in how they move.
erosion and deposition1
Erosion and Deposition
  • Very slow movement of rock and soil is called__________.
  • Sudden slippage of large chunks of land in a large mass is called ___________.
  • Mass movement of runny, liquid mud is called ___________.
  • Creep
  • Slump
  • Mudflow
erosion and deposition2
Erosion and Deposition
  • When sediment is laid down in a new location it is called ______________.
  • What is the large deposit of sediment left behind where a stream leaves a mountain range called?

Deposition

Alluvial Fan

erosion and deposition3
Erosion and Deposition
  • The process by which natural forces move weathered materials from one place to another is called ____________.
  • The process by which wind removes surface materials is called ___________.
  • Erosion
  • Deflation
erosion and deposition4
Erosion and Deposition
  • Sediment deposited where a river flows into a lake or ocean is called a __________.
  • Heavy rains can cause a river to flow over its banks and create a ________ _________.
  • Delta
  • Flood Plain
erosion and deposition5
Erosion and Deposition
  • Water that moves over Earth’s surface is called ___________.
  • How much erosion a river can cause is dependent on three factors: _________, ___________, and ______________.
  • Runoff
  • Slope, volume of flow, and streambed shape
erosion and deposition6
Erosion and Deposition
  • Put these in order from smallest to largest: river, stream, rill, gully.
  • Which of these four always have water running in them?
  • Rill, gully, stream, river
  • Stream and river
erosion and deposition7
Erosion and Deposition
  • A loop-like bend in a river is called a _____________.
  • When a meander gets cut off from a river by damming up the ends, an _________ ______ is formed.
  • Meander
  • Oxbow lake
erosion and deposition8
Erosion and Deposition
  • A area of wave-washed sediment along a coast is called a ___________.
  • Beach sediment moves with the current in a process called ____________ __________.
  • Beach
  • Longshore drift
erosion and deposition9
Erosion and Deposition
  • Waves are constantly changing the coastline. This is due to ___________ and _____________.
  • How are sand dunes formed?
  • Erosion and deposition
  • Sand is deposited by wind. The wind continues to blow the sand and build up dunes. Deflation is most active in the desert because there is little growing to stop the wind.
erosion and deposition10
Erosion and Deposition
  • How are beaches formed?
  • A beach that projects out into the water is called a _______.
  • Rivers and streams carry eroded materials to the ocean. Longshore drift deposits these sediments to create beaches.
  • spit
erosion and deposition11
Erosion and Deposition
  • A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land is called a _________.
  • The two types of glaciers are ______ and _____________.
  • Glacier
  • Valley
  • Continental
erosion and deposition12
Erosion and Deposition
  • Which type of glacier spreads out over an island or continent?
  • How do glaciers form?
  • Glaciers pick up rocks in a process called_________.
  • Continental
  • More snow falls than melts. The snow must reach a depth of at least 30 to 40 meters.
  • Plucking
erosion and deposition14
Erosion and Deposition
  • Waves are caused by _____ moving over the water.
  • A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean is called a ______________.
  • Wind
  • Headland
erosion and deposition15
Erosion and Deposition
  • Good luck on the test!
  • If you decide to print this out to study, use handouts or 4 slides to a page so that you don’t use up all your ink.