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Franklin Pierce
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  1. Franklin Pierce By: Jordan Farmer

  2. 14thPresident • 1853-1857 • Democrat • Nickname: “Young Hickory of the Granite Hills” • Vice President: William King • Religion: Episcopalian

  3. Job Training • Born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire in 1804 • Attended Bowdoin College • After graduation he studied law then entered politics

  4. Political Background • Age 24; elected to the New Hampshire legislature • two years later he became its Speaker • During the 1830's he went to Washington • first as a Representative • then as a Senator

  5. Military Background • Resigned from senate to serve in the Mexican War • He was later proposed by New Hampshire friends for the Presidential nomination in 1852

  6. Presidential Style • hated change • relied on tradition to steer the government

  7. Earning Southern Respect • Extremely unpopular • Politics seem to favor the South • He later opposed Abraham Lincoln’s election and the Emancipation Proclamation

  8. Campaign • mainly concerned with promoting national unity by • including all Democratic factions in the Cabinet • strictly adhering to the Compromise of 1850

  9. Election Issues • Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise of 1850 than the Whigs • Whig candidate General Winfield Scott was suspect in the South • Pierce won the election with a narrow margin of popular votes General Winfield Scott

  10. Election Issues Cont’d • His hopes for unity were destroyed by the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act • which repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 • Enacting this law led to a revolt by antislavery Democrats and to the creation of the Republican party

  11. Presidency • Signed the Gadsden Purchase • Which added land from Mexico to the Territory of New Mexico • supported the Fugitive Slave Laws • Which returned run away slaves to their owners

  12. Public Life • He was not what one could call an inspired military leader • He would often faint when going into battle • Some described him as a coward

  13. View of the Constitution • believed that the Constitution was sacred and unchangeable • He said, "If the Compromise measures are not firmly maintained, the Constitution will be trampled in the dust."

  14. Interesting Facts • was arrested while in office for running over an old woman with his horse, but his case was dropped due to insufficient evidence in 1853 • "We Polked you in 1844; we shall Pierce you in 1852.” • Each of his three children died before he was president and before reaching adolescence • He was the first president to memorize his inaugural address and recite it from memory

  15. In Conclusion • Pierce still is the only president ever denied renomination by his party • Franklin Pierce was not a particularly effective President and left office having not change much

  16. Afterwards • Franklin Pierce spent his last years in New Hampshire • He died in Concord on October 8, 1869

  17. Works Cited (Info) • American Presidents: Life Portraits. Web. 12 Mar. 2011. • "Franklin Pierce." The White House. Web. 12 Mar. 2011. • "Presidents of the United States (POTUS)." Ipl2: Information You Can Trust. Web. 12 Mar. • "The Fourteenth US President - Franklin Pierce." Sheppard Software: Fun Free Online Learning Games and Activities for Kids. Web. 12 Mar. 2011.

  18. Works Cited (Images) • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/first-family/masthead_image/14fp_header_sm.jpg%3F1251138522&imgrefurl=http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklinpierce&usg=__PVS72-WuSVrbsG9b95kT3l_u2J4=&h=254&w=450&sz=54&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=nfb87-9F-1d0CM:&tbnh=108&tbnw=191&ei=cS58TeaMDNOTtwfN28DOBQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfranklin%2Bpierce%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1916%26bih%3D796%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C239&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=263&vpy=221&dur=1085&hovh=169&hovw=299&tx=219&ty=97&oei=cS58TeaMDNOTtwfN28DOBQ&page=1&ndsp=49&ved=1t:429,r:26,s:0&biw=1916&bih=796 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.collectibles-articles.com/antique/collectible-image-large/president-franklin-pierce-portrait-lapel-pin_270698944879.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.collectibles-articles.com/antique/President-Franklin-Pierce-Portrait-Lapel-Pin_270698944879.html&usg=__o73CJZpxz6MsRXT9MQOpsJzLBkM=&h=300&w=400&sz=17&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=fohUaKFjbGXm5M:&tbnh=162&tbnw=217&ei=Ti98Td61CZSDtgedvZ26BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfranklin%2Bpierce%2Bcampaign%2Bposter%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1916%26bih%3D796%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=565&oei=GC98TZLbJoKctwe_kYXPBQ&page=1&ndsp=42&ved=1t:429,r:36,s:0&tx=215&ty=98 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.librarything.com/thingology/uploaded_images/352145188_1187bd922d_b-756358.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.librarything.com/blogs/thingology/2007/09/librarything-for-libraries-randolph-county-bowdoin-and-clarement-colleges/&usg=__QFQ3gO-5sMdCrcppNs8N9UPY9R4=&h=768&w=1024&sz=628&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=TzDuC_-aPXJi0M:&tbnh=146&tbnw=195&ei=8i98TfTeGoqDtgfbx7C6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbowdoin%2Bcollege%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1916%26bih%3D796%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=1121&vpy=440&dur=477&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=186&ty=124&oei=zy98TaaMEs-2tgfKsuzOBQ&page=1&ndsp=36&ved=1t:429,r:23,s:0 • http://fineartamerica.com/featured/president-franklin-pierce-blackmoxi-.html • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.corbisimages.com/images/67/6BD9013C-1230-4FBC-AE3F-D86278A274E2/BK001204.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/BK001204.html&usg=__Ivy9eIJLSteaPgeLrTACq2XBTqE=&h=421&w=640&sz=114&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=hKR97iPciZdSAM:&tbnh=152&tbnw=206&ei=MTJ8Ten9AYe2tgfO8di6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwashington%2BDC%2Bin%2B1853%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=134&vpy=105&dur=7391&hovh=182&hovw=277&tx=61&ty=121&oei=MTJ8Ten9AYe2tgfO8di6BQ&page=1&ndsp=36&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload. a.org/commons/4/4e/Scott_vs_Pierce_campaign.jpg&imgrefurl=http://en. i/File:Scott_vs_Pierce_campaign.jpg&usg=__y7KXZ0Z4CMS5_zkWJQzVj4tNJoI=&h=753&w=1257&sz=203&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=xmwToUJH9mRg7M:&tbnh=119&tbnw=199&ei=ujJ8Te-qMYe2twf24OnOBQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmexican%2Bwar%2Bfranklin%2Bpierce%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=1294&vpy=109&dur=341&hovh=174&hovw=290&tx=181&ty=86&oei=ujJ8Te-qMYe2twf24OnOBQ&page=1&ndsp=47&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ngI8h_Yvnag/SvG4Sy0lvfI/AAAAAAAABII/HifZiDIDD_E/s400/Franklin_Pierce.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.american-presidents.org/2009/11/franklin-pierce-and-battle-of.html&usg=__TdLJCtKcndPjNwKpr4X-NBf1Fo0=&h=257&w=180&sz=15&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=nJgg9FFP1YY5pM:&tbnh=157&tbnw=112&ei=ujJ8Te-qMYe2twf24OnOBQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmexican%2Bwar%2Bfranklin%2Bpierce%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=347&oei=ujJ8Te-qMYe2twf24OnOBQ&page=1&ndsp=47&ved=1t:429,r:39,s:0&tx=81&ty=69 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lookingglassreview.com/assets/images/The_Emancipation_Proclamation.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.lookingglassreview.com/html/feature88.html&usg=__ZOZgPgt2Z5odwHq6eBvixNPoWb4=&h=700&w=544&sz=22&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=1CkZts4xO5M5PM:&tbnh=145&tbnw=116&ei=9TN8Td2lGoOK0QGw8tWABA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Demancipation%2Bproclamation%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=615&vpy=103&dur=243&hovh=255&hovw=198&tx=110&ty=180&oei=9TN8Td2lGoOK0QGw8tWABA&page=1&ndsp=48&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0

  19. Works Cited (Images) Cont’d • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://lecomptonkansas.com/maps/comp1850-large-2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://lecomptonkansas.com/index.php%3Fdoc%3Dhist-maps.php&usg=__Z85Y1T1WfEKDmpj_oa2g6ry_6lU=&h=840&w=924&sz=196&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=e0ivFJfkzX2PxM:&tbnh=153&tbnw=169&ei=kjR8Tbv3CYW3tgeI87y6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcompromise%2Bof%2B1850%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=588&oei=kjR8Tbv3CYW3tgeI87y6BQ&page=1&ndsp=38&ved=1t:429,r:31,s:0&tx=15&ty=68 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.umich.edu/~ac213/student_projects06/magsylje/general%2520winfield%2520scott.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.umich.edu/~ac213/student_projects06/magsylje/characters.html&usg=__2EFSMOGKYzVrYVDaxbsKAAPtGCU=&h=488&w=335&sz=32&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=YPRtg72oB322oM:&tbnh=156&tbnw=110&ei=tzV8Te2SAYfItwfv6pC6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dgeneral%2Bwinfield%2Bscott%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=264&oei=tzV8Te2SAYfItwfv6pC6BQ&page=1&ndsp=48&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=66&ty=112 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://img.sparknotes.com/content/testprep/bookimgs/sat2/history/0001/KansasNebraska.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/history/chapter10section3.rhtml&usg=__Sc_dWTTdhd4N3ecGZvg2jkTTNRY=&h=315&w=390&sz=17&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=GjDAFIs4uizqMM:&tbnh=136&tbnw=166&ei=DzZ8TZn_B464tgeejJm6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dkansas%2Bnebraska%2Bact%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=114&oei=DzZ8TZn_B464tgeejJm6BQ&page=1&ndsp=41&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=13&ty=39 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.njcu.edu/dept/aas/Chapter%25204%2520Quarles%2520%2520The_files/image002.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.njcu.edu/dept/aas/Chapter%25204%2520Quarles%2520%2520The.htm&usg=__AVTusq6ckRDAUC3v2vMn2h0-L3A=&h=214&w=152&sz=6&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=bsHLUFg7WKqkAM:&tbnh=153&tbnw=109&ei=Mjd8TebQB8qEtgfm-8C6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfugitive%2Bslave%2Blaw%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=96&oei=Mjd8TebQB8qEtgfm-8C6BQ&page=1&ndsp=39&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&tx=89&ty=52 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://rheologic.net/NEWSTUFF/Randolph/Gadsden_Purchase_Cities.gif&imgrefurl=http://rheologic.net/NEWSTUFF/Randolph/EpesRandolph.html&usg=__iREAp6mP6vjOAHbPHFz3VDINvPs=&h=327&w=533&sz=12&hl=en&start=38&zoom=1&tbnid=euU3AgSFPjZ2VM:&tbnh=129&tbnw=210&ei=hDd8TdyKBJK4twfY4uTOBQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dgadsden%2Bpurchase%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=293&oei=czd8TaziHIictweQ-7G6BQ&page=2&ndsp=37&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:38&tx=35&ty=64 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/links/constitution.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/links/constitution.html&usg=__LQn2wwaHP9NR1pVlwnZt448C6KY=&h=282&w=426&sz=250&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=kuIOJ4g_GmoPkM:&tbnh=143&tbnw=191&ei=-Td8TeO9GMegtgfirbnOBQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dconstitution%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=324&vpy=136&dur=1177&hovh=183&hovw=276&tx=109&ty=65&oei=-Td8TeO9GMegtgfirbnOBQ&page=1&ndsp=42&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0

  20. Works Cited (Images) Cont’d • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1087_gen_franklin_pierce_mexican_war.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/details/photo/1087_gen_franklin_pierce_mexican_war.html&usg=__9fpyqM1bwEEtNr34oOdXydDJO5o=&h=450&w=343&sz=53&hl=en&start=144&zoom=0&tbnid=uJqNkiJCUGpGIM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=97&ei=bzh8TemRMMWgtweh1ry6BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfranklin%2Bpierce%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=370&oei=Vzh8TbC9IoO-tgf-oKW6BQ&page=4&ndsp=46&ved=1t:429,r:18,s:144&tx=75&ty=80 • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://mudfish4.tripod.com/fpierceimages/gravephoto.JPG&imgrefurl=http://mudfish4.tripod.com/fpiercepages/family.html&usg=__CodtWPv8FsnLSlDvxvUsu3U7bSQ=&h=234&w=300&sz=7&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=h4MhaY8dX6x3WM:&tbnh=144&tbnw=185&ei=ADl8TZKeF5S2tgfxyr26BQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfranklin%2Bpierce%2Bdeath%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1899%26bih%3D796%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=273&oei=ADl8TZKeF5S2tgfxyr26BQ&page=1&ndsp=43&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0&tx=48&ty=58