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AIDS IN ASIA – PRIORITIZING AND SUSTAINING THE RESPONSE IN THE ECONOMIC CRISIS. Hanoi 28-30 September 2009 ADB Consultant Ross McLeod. Presentation Outline. AIDS in Asia Funding for Prevention and Care Vulnerability to the Crisis Targeted Response is Key ART Increases Program Costs

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aids in asia prioritizing and sustaining the response in the economic crisis

AIDS IN ASIA – PRIORITIZING AND SUSTAINING THE RESPONSE IN THE ECONOMIC CRISIS

Hanoi 28-30 September 2009

ADB Consultant

Ross McLeod

slide2

Presentation Outline

  • AIDS in Asia
  • Funding for Prevention and Care
  • Vulnerability to the Crisis
  • Targeted Response is Key
  • ART Increases Program Costs
  • Response Publicly Financed
  • Summary
slide3

AIDS in Asia

  • Most of the regional burden of disease is found in India
  • Countries such as Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam have relatively higher prevalence’s
  • Infection is concentrated amongst most-at-risk-populations (MARPs)
  • Injecting drug use, sex work and unprotected sex amongst men key drivers of Asian Epidemic

Proportion of Asian Cases by Country, 2007

slide4

Funding for HIV Prevention

and Care in 2007

  • Funding for prevention and care has increased from <$US 0.6 billion in 2004 to $0.9 billion in 2007
  • India and China accounted for around 40% of regional spending
  • Expenditure per person highest in Thailand and Cambodia. Average regional spending per person $US 0.3
  • Expenditure on prevention is greater than treatment spending of around $US 0.3 billion.

$US million, 2007

slide5

Targeting of Response is Key

  • Designing programs to minimize HIV incidence and contain treatment cost
  • Focused response of Asia Commission could prevent 80 per cent of new infections
  • Of the current $0.9 billion for AIDS prevention and care in Asia, only <$0.1 billion is targeting MARPs
  • Inability to achieve behavioral change amongst vulnerable populations is underpinning rising incidence

$US million, 2007

slide6

ART Increases Program Costs and Financial Vulnerability

-Targeted package could reduce number of people living with HIV in 2020 by 3.1 million

-Modeling suggests resources needed for care will be $1 billion more in 2020 for comprehensive intervention

-Without increase in MARP coverage ART need will further increase

slide7

Limited Options for Diversifying Financing of Programs

  • -Cost containment imperative as:
    • Prevention a public good
    • Care and treatment user fees difficult to implement and not affordable
  • -ART high cost for all but richest households

$US per year

slide8

Summary

  • Prevention is Key
    • Most at risk groups preventions for sex worker, client, MSM and IDU most cost-effective. Coverage still very low.
    • Need for accurate and timely data, especially for populations, which are the drivers of the Asian epidemics
  • Effective Prevention Reduces Longer Term Costs
    • Regional ART costs can be contained with effective prevention.
    • Limited options to finance increased ART demand
    • Containing cost enhances sustainability