HYDROTHERAPY. Aila Nica J. Bandong, PTRP Instructor Department of Physical Therapy Clinical Supervisor CTS- Pediatric Section College of Allied Medical Professions. Learning Objectives. At the end of the lecture, the students should be able to: Define hydrotherapy
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Aila Nica J. Bandong, PTRP
Department of Physical Therapy
CTS- Pediatric Section
College of Allied Medical Professions
At the end of the lecture, the students should be able to:
at 0 degree Celsius- .999868
at 4 degrees Celsius- 1.0000
Archimedes’ Principle: a body immersed in a liquid experiences an upward force equal to the weight of the displaced liquid
Pascal’s Law: pressure exerted by water is equal in all parts of the object
Exchange of thermal energy between bodies in contact with each other
Heat transfer by mass motion of water when the heated fluid is caused to move away from the source of heat, carrying energy with it
Exchange of electromagnetic energy due to difference in temperature between the skin and surrounding environment
Occurs through loss of fluid from sweating and by the pulmonary system during exhalation
the use of water as a therapeutic agent
Motor Pump/Turbine Motor
- povidone iodine
- saline solution
- antibacterial agents
- sodium hypochlorite
- bath oil
- 4% solution Lidocaine
According to shape:
According to mobility:
width: 24 inches
length: 52 – 66 inches
depth: 18 inches
width: 20 – 24 inches
length: 36 – 48 inches
depth: 28 inches
width: 15 inches
length: 28 – 32 inches
depth: 18 – 25 inches
39.9 – 46.1 degrees Celsius or
103 – 115 degrees Farenheit
20 minutes if used as heating modality
15 minutes if used as cooling modality
5 – 20 minutes if used for debridement
10 – 20 minutes if used for exercise
length: 7 feet 2 inches
upper wing width: 6 feet
middle wing width: 35 inches
lower wing width: 4 feet 2 inches
depth: 22 inches
insets: 15 inches
32.2 – 38.8 degrees Celsius
90 – 102 degrees Farenheit
(in the clinics)
36.1 – 38 degrees Celsius
97 – 100 degrees Farenheit
s/p amputation, musculo-
A 25-year old male suffered from Colle’s fracture 2 months ago. Patient reported falling on outstretched arm after making a “lay-up” during a basketball game. He was put on plaster cast for 6 weeks during which no therapeutic intervention was provided. Upon medical consult 2 weeks ago, he was advised by his doctor to seek physical therapy for management of complications following prolonged immobilization specifically limitation of motion. Referral letter included whirlpool bath as part of management.
Will use of whirlpool bath improve range of motion post-Colle’s fracture?
Do you have any questions?
Balicanta, R. E. (2004). Lecture notes on water immersion modalities for PT 156: Physical agents I.
Hayes, K. W. (1993). Manual for physical agents (4th Ed). Connecticut: Appleton and Lange.
Hecox, B., Mehreteab, T. A., and Weisberg, J. (1994). Physical agents: A comprehensive text for physical therapists. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange.
Kisner, C. and Colby, L. A. (2002). Therapeutic exercise: Foundations and techniques (4th Ed). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.
Michlovitz, S. L. (1996). Thermal agents in rehabilitation (3rd Ed). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.
Sussman, C. (1998). Whirlpool in wound care. Collaborative practice manual for physical therapists and nurses. (no place): Aspen Publishers.
Pictures retrieved June 21, 2008 from the following websites: www.hospimedicaintl.com, www.theratek.com, www.medicaloutfitters.net, www.mtstjosephhome.com, www.lakeeriemed.com, www.wannatowel.netkennel.com, www.ecu.edu, www.lifetecinc.com, www.advantagemedical.com, www.cchosp.com.