The Modern Period 1914-1945. By: Alex Clement, Ashley Pluckter, Jennifer Sohl. Harlem Renaissance. During the 1920’s Increased awareness of and pride in African-American Heritage Appreciation of African-American artistic talents and literary and musical contributions
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The Modern Period 1914-1945 By: Alex Clement, Ashley Pluckter, Jennifer Sohl
Harlem Renaissance • During the 1920’s • Increased awareness of and pride in African-American Heritage • Appreciation of African-American artistic talents and literary and musical contributions • Trace the African-American experience through perseverance to spiritual insight
Modernist Poetry • Mixes everyday language with elegant phrases and short quotations from earlier poems • Places contradictory feelings and events side-by-side to evoke the discontentedness of modern life • Leaves out the explanations and narrative connections that provide unity and clarity in traditional writing
The Lost Generation • Writers who went to Paris after WWI • Experimented wit rhythm, fractured sentence structure, and disconnected narrative • Believed America as in a desperate search for something to believe in after the destruction of war • Questioned the values of the American Dream • Believed materialism and class divisions corrupted the American Dream
History • Stock Market Crash • Crashed in October 1929 • Began Great Depression • The Great Depression • By 1932 ¼ of Americans had lost their jobs. • Later in 1932 President Roosevelt was elected. • Roosevelt created the New Deal • New Deal made great economic changes, which strengthened the economy.
History • World Wars 1 and 2 • World War 1 was one of the bloodiest events in history. • Treaty of Versailles ended war in 1918. • World War 2 began around 20 years after. • Allies defeated Nazi Germany • Japan surrendered three months later.
Robert Frost (1874-1963) • Born in San Francisco, California • Father died when he was eleven • Mother moved the family Textile City of Lawrence, Massachusetts • Graduated High School but dropped out of Dartmouth • He left college and worked as a farmer, mill hand, journalist, and school teacher • Most Famous poems A Boy’s Will (1913), North of Boston (1914), Birches (1916)
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) • Born in Oak Park, Illinois • Graduated High School • Tried to join the military, but couldn’t due to eye defect • Joined the Red Cross ambulance corps instead • After he went to Paris to be a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star
Continued… • His most famous books were In Our Time (1925), A Farewell to Arms (1929), and The Old Man and the Sea (1952) • His Books had to do with economy and understanding
John Steinbeck (1902-1968) • Born in Salinas, California • He Graduated High School but dropped out of College (Stanford Univ. ) • Drifted across the country working many jobs such as a fish hatcher, Fruit Picker, Laboratory assistant, surveyor, apprentice painter, and journalist • With those jobs he got first hand experience of manual labor and the American struggle during that time
Continued… • The experience helped him write his books and really capture the essence of his topic • Three of his most famous novels are Tortilla Flat (1935), Of Mice and Men (1937), and The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
Types of Literature • Short stories • Many authors wrote short stories about what was going on at the time. • Ex. Winter Dreams by F. Scott Fitzgerald • Poetry • Many poets started writing freestyle. • The poetic movement imagism occurred. • Imagism poetry has hard, clear expressions, concrete images, and the language of everyday speech. • Ex. Poetry by Marianne Moore
Types of Literature • Novels • They began to write more novels. • Writing distinct themes. • Ex. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald • Plays • People now have more time to sit and watch plays.
Types of Literature • Essays • They’re writing nonfiction, informal essays. • Essays were shorter and had more humor. • Ex. Here is New York by E.B. White.
Themes of the Modern Period • Uncertainty • Disillusionment • Fragmentation • Opposition of dehumanizing trends in modern life • Dignity of people in spite of great challenges • Search for new sources of hope in the face of war • Industrialization • Political Changes
Causes for Themes • Uncertainty -Stock Market crashed. -WW1 and WW2 • Disillusionment -Great Depression -WW1 and 2
Causes for Themes • Fragmentation -Doubt stock market -WW1 and 2 -Opposition to dehumanizing trends in life -Women got the right to vote -Harlem Renaissance- African American writers acknowledged
Causes for Themes • Dignity of people in spite of great challenges -Stock Market Crash -The Great Depression • Search for new sources of hope in the face of war -A new style created called modernism. -Modernisms purpose- write about the modern life in both form and content in writing.
Causes for Themes • Industrialization -Machine gun invented -New buildings made -New downtown sections in cities -Radio invented -Jazz was introduced
Causes for Theme • Political changes -Women could vote -New Deal was created
Fashion During the Modern Period • At the beginning of the 1900’s women wore very modest clothing. • Starting in the 1920’s, women began wearing straight simple lined clothes and bold colors. • Art Deco. • In the 1940’s the youth began adopting blue jeans as a casual, comfortable fashion. 1910 1920-1930 1940
Inventions from the modern period • Henry Ford-first car-Model T • From 1908-1927 more than half the cars sold in the US were from Ford. • 1927- new design, Model A
The Roaring 20’s • Around 1920 jazz became popular • Influences- Black American music, African rhythms, American instruments, folk and classical music of Africa/Asia. • Unique because of syncopation and improvisation • Can be performed by just one person(“solo”), a small group(“combo”), or a group of 10 or more(“big band”) • Consists of brass, reeds, drums, piano, guitar and bass
The “New Jazz” • Swing becomes popular from the mid-1930’s until the mid-1940’s. • Has an upbeat, strong rhythmic sound. • Benny Goodman, a bandleader, was often times called the king of swing
Other popular sounds • 1930- Boogie Woogie was created • It was a hit but not as big as swing music • 1940- Bebop • Based on harmonic structure instead of melody
Songs • What a Wonderful World- Louis Armstrong • Sing, Sing, Sing- Benny Goodman & his Orchestra • It Don’ t Mean A Thing- Duke Ellington
Works Cited • Sauro, Clare. "Fashion." World Book Online Reference Center. 2008. 20 Aug. 2008 <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar192280>. • Page, Larry. "Google Image Search". Google. 22 Aug. 2008 <http://images.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi>. • Sobel, Robert. "Ford, Henry." World Book Online Reference Center. 2008. 20 Aug. 2008 <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar204085>. • Plante, Michael. "Picasso, Pablo." World Book Online Reference Center. 2008. 20 Aug. 2008 <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar428920>. • Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes: The American Experience. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. pg.704-714, 756, 806, 807, 880. • “100 greatest car nominees.” 4Car. 2008. 22 Aug <www.channel4.com/.../44-ford-model-t.jpg>