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Essential and Guiding Questions for the Middle East Unit: How has conflict affected the Middle East? How does the culture of the Middle East impact the global community? What are the core beliefs of Judaism, Christianity and Islam?

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slide1

Essential and Guiding Questions for the Middle East Unit:

  • How has conflict affected the Middle East?
  • How does the culture of the Middle East impact the global community?
  • What are the core beliefs of Judaism, Christianity and Islam?
  • What events, figures, and processes have impacted the Middle East?
  • What issues currently affect the Middle East?
  • What factors influence the Middle East’s position in the global community?

Theme(s)/focus: Conflict, Human Rights Violation, & Belief Systems.

Do Now:

  • Dating back to the end of WWII, the Middle East & North Africa [the “Islamic world”] have both been in the news for a myriad (many/a lot) of reason.
    • Surrounding the state of the two aforementioned regions, what do you know about them and their current state/status?
      • In your notebooks students are asked to list and then briefly examine some of the news hailing out of the two regions &/or their basic knowledge, be it good or bad, it's totally up to students.
are there any questions comments surrounding
Are there any questions/comments surrounding?
  • Pol Pot
  • The Khmer Rouge
  • Cambodia
  • “Killing Fields”
are there any questions comments surrounding1
Are there any questions/comments surrounding?
  • Pol Pot = radical political leader. He was a Communist, influenced by Mao Zedong & Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam. Followed the basic beliefs of Karl Marx.
  • The Khmer Rouge were a group of communistguerillas, led by Pol Pot, that gained control of Cambodia after the withdrawalof American troops from the Vietnam War.  Initiated a reign of terror
  • “Killing Fields” = over 2 million people were brutally killed indiscriminately – Women, Children, & men = Genocide.
  • Goal: Wanted to start from “Day Zero.” Rid Cambodia of ALL modernization, westernization, spies, and educrats– highly educated individuals. Wanted to stress traditionalism/farming.
  • I always refer to him as the Adolf Hitler of Cambodia.
regents style questions
Regents Style Questions

The political ideas of Ho Chi Minh, Fidel Castro, and Pol Pot were strongly influenced by the writings of

(1) Confucius

(2) Mohandas Gandhi

(3) Desmond Tutu

(4) Karl Marx

regents style questions1
Regents Style Questions

The political ideas of Ho Chi Minh, Fidel Castro, and Pol Pot were strongly influenced by the writings of

(1) Confucius

(2) Mohandas Gandhi

(3) Desmond Tutu

(4) Karl Marx

slide7

Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge, the “killing fields,” and Year Zero are all associated with a violent period in which country?

(1) Vietnam (2) China (3) Cambodia (4) Korea

slide8

Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge, the “killing fields,” and Year Zero are all associated with a violent period in which country?

(1) Vietnam (2) China (3) Cambodia (4) Korea

base your answers to questions 46 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies
Base your answers to questions 46 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

46 Which letter identifies the peninsula that was the site of the Vietnam conflict and the

atrocities of Pol Pot?

A 3) C

(2) B 4) D

base your answers to questions 46 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies1
Base your answers to questions 46 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

46 Which letter identifies the peninsula that was the site of the Vietnam conflict and the

atrocities of Pol Pot?

A 3) C

(2) B 4) D

slide11

Pol Pot, Joseph Stalin, and Slobodan Milosevic were similar in that each leader supported actions that

(1) modernized their economies

(2) introduced democratic ideas

(3) supported minority rights

(4) violated human rights

slide12

Pol Pot, Joseph Stalin, and Slobodan Milosevic were similar in that each leader supported actions that

(1) modernized their economies

(2) introduced democratic ideas

(3) supported minority rights

(4) violated human rights

slide13

Which group is represented by the skulls in this 1996 cartoon?

1 Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during World War 1
2 dissidents in the Soviet Union during the 1930's
3 anti-Maoists in China during the 1960's
4 intellectuals in Cambodia during the 1970's

slide14

Which group is represented by the skulls in this 1996 cartoon?

1 Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during World War 1
2 dissidents in the Soviet Union during the 1930's
3 anti-Maoists in China during the 1960's
4 intellectuals in Cambodia during the 1970's

opec questions
OPEC Questions

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is best known for its efforts to

  • develop workable alternatives to fossil fuels

(2) bring Western oil technology to the Middle

East

(3) stop the export of oil to non-Arab nations

(4) establish production quotas to control the price of oil.

opec questions1
OPEC Questions

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is best known for its efforts to

  • develop workable alternatives to fossil fuels

(2) bring Western oil technology to the Middle

East

(3) stop the export of oil to non-Arab nations

(4) establish production quotas to control the price of oil.

slide17

47 Which conclusion is supported by the information provided

on the map?

Russia is very dependent on imported oil.

(2) The United States exports little or no oil.

(3) South America exports more oil than Africa

does.

(4) Most of the oil from the Middle East goes to Japan.

slide18

47 Which conclusion is supported by the information provided

on the map?

Russia is very dependent on imported oil.

(2) The United States exports little or no oil.

(3) South America exports more oil than Africa

does.

(4) Most of the oil from the Middle East goes to Japan.

slide20

political influence in tropical regions

(2) control of access to important religious sites

(3) military control over strategic waterways

(4) economic influence over industrialized nations

slide21
For further information surrounding Regents Style Questions – Check out [p. 15-17 of the June 2011 NYS Global Regents]:

Students are asked to carefully peruse the June 2011 NYS Global Regents DBQ Section [Not mandatory – but a great resource to utilize along with various others].

Go to this website: http://nysedregents.org

Then, look for the NYS Global section.

monday june 02 2014
Monday, June 02, 2014

Assignment #1: Former United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said, “The next war in the Near East [Middle East] will not be about politics, but over water.”

Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Reflection Questions [discuss with your neighbors]:

  • A. How is water as or more precious than oil? Give examples of situations where this could be the case.
  • B. Where do you think wars would break out over water rights? Why?
assignment 2 carefully examine the map on the next page pay close attention to the
Assignment #2: Carefully examine the map on the next page – pay close attention to the:

Physical attributes/features

  • Terrain
  • Topography
  • Availability of water  plethora of other resources.
  • Yellow = Arid, dry, desert-like conditions… note that Sahara [largest desert in the world] extends to the region in question
  • Green represents water & vegetation.
monday june 02 20141
Monday, June 02, 2014
  • Reflection Question: Based upon the map, if war WERE TO BREAK OUT in the Middle East, what countries do you think would be the aggressors (the ones to start the war) and how would they attack/invade and why?
slide29

Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps

Israeli map lumping together Arab states;

depicting tiny defenseless Israel

Palestinian Map

without Israel

slide30

Palestinians

(in West Bank and Gaza Strip)

Arab (ethnic) territoriality

Palestinians are multireligious

Muslims and Christians

Ethnic nationalist movement,

but some newer Muslim groups

Israel

Zionism:

Jewish (religious) territoriality

Israelis are multiethnic

European, Middle Eastern,

Newer Russian, Ethiopian immigrants

Arab Israeli minority

slide31

Zionism - Theodore Herzl, 1896

British Palestine 1917- 48

Arab ethnic initial majority (90%)

1917, Balfour Declarationsupports Zionism; immigration begins

1936-39 The “Great Uprising” - first Arab protests as Jews increasingly

Jewish religious

minority grew rapidly in 1920-40s, especially during rise of Anti-semitism.

British did not allow European Jewish immigration during WWII.

slide32

UN Partition Plan, 1948

    • Jewish State (Israel)
    • Arab State (Palestine)
    • International Zone
    • (Jerusalem)
    • - never implemented

The day after the state of Israel was declared in 1848 five Arab armies from Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq invaded but were repulsed and Israel took all of the U.N. designated lands plus much of Palestinian territory (see next slide).

Jewish militia massacred scores of Palestinians. Moreover hundreds of thousands were displaced and have been refugees ever since.

slide34

Jerusalem

West (Israeli);

East (Arab)

with Israeli settlements

slide36

Israeli Settlements

and Palestinian

towns in the

West Bank, 2000

Israeli settlers see as

historic Jewish homeland

Palestinians compare

illegal settlements to

Apartheid

slide37

Palestinian

Autonomy, 2000

Gradual turnover of Israeli-

Occupied areas to Palestinians

for “Two-State Solution”

Plan collapsing as

killings increase

Second Intifada since Sept. 2000

Israeli Defense Force reoccupies West Bank and Gaza

the palestine liberation organization plo
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

1970s Unable to win support in U.N.; Palestinians turned to terrrorism.

1972 Munich Olympics, 11 Israeli athletes killed by PLO operatives

1974 Yasser Arafat speaks to U.N.

"Today I have come bearing an olive branch and a freedom fighter's gun. Do not let the olive branch fall from my hand."

Financial support for many years came from surrounding Arab nations and the U.S.S.R.

1992 PLO (Arafat) and Israel (Yitzhak Rabin) formally acknowledge one another as part of the Oslo Accord talks with Clinton.

Splinter Groups: Hamas, Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, Hezbollah

2005 Arafat dies.

2006 Hamas wins substantial portion of Palestinian vote.

key israeli figures
Key Israeli Figures

David Ben Gurion - Zionist founder/victor in 1948

Yitzhak Rabin (74-77; 92-95) - recognized PLO; killed by Israeli radical after making peace overtures.

Menachem Begin (78-83) - Camp David Accord; peace with Egypt. Sadat killed by extremists in 1981.

Ehud Barak - aggressive Labor party peacemaker; lost power to right wing Sharon during violence of Second Intifada

Ariel Sharon - current prime minister; Likud Party right winger considered war criminal by many for his role is slaughter in Lebannon; in coma after stroke of early 2006. (Ehud Olmert takes over role.)

main issues
Palestinian

Land

Right of Return

End to Settlements

Water Rights

Economics

Self-determination

End of Occupation

Access to Jerusalem

Israeli

Land

Security

Access to Jerusalem

Right to exist

Main Issues
demographic data
Palestinian

Pop: 3,500,000

Migration: 2.1/1000

Infant mortality: 26/1000

Fertility rate: 6.55

Life expectancy: 70.8

GDP per capita: $625

GDP growth rate: - 35%

Religions:Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 98.7%, Christian 0.7%, Jewish 0.6%

Israeli

Pop: 6,000,000

Migration: 1/1000

Infant Mortality: 6.55/1000

Fertility rate: 2.54

Life Expectancy: 78.8

GDP per capita: $19,000

GDP growth rate: -1%

Religions:Jewish 80.1%, Muslim 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)

Demographic Data
discuss amongst tablemates afterwards we will conduct a class discussion

In connection to the PPT review/handout, what assessments can be made surrounding Middle Eastern Conflicts, especially those surrounding the “Fertile Crescent”?

Discuss amongst tablemates – afterwards, we will conduct a class discussion.

assignment 4
Assignment #4

1. Utilize the textbook, the handout and your HW in order to complete the listed graphic organizer.