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Creating a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan. For Industrial Facilities. Creating a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan.

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creating a storm water pollution prevention plan2
Creating a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan

A requirement of the industrial storm water permit is to develop a storm water pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) within 60 days of submitting the Notice of Intent (NOI). The following slide show will step through each item that is to be addressed in the SWPPP. By following this guide, you will be able to develop a SWPPP that fulfills the requirements of the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality.

swppp organization guideline
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • Planning and Organization
    • Name the facility / operation
    • Give a description of the facility / operation
    • Form Pollution Prevention Team
    • Review other plans
swppp organization guideline4
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • Assessment Phase
    • Develop a site map
    • Inventory and describe exposed materials
    • List significant spills and leaks
    • Test for non-storm water discharges
    • Evaluate monitoring data
    • Summarize pollutant sources and risks
swppp organization guideline5
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • BMP Identification
    • Baseline BMPs
    • Select activity- and site-specific BMPs
swppp organization guideline6
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • Implementation Phase
    • Implement BMPs
    • Train employees
swppp organization guideline7
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • Evaluation / Monitoring
    • Conduct annual site inspection / BMP evaluation
    • Conduct recordkeeping and reporting
    • Review and revise plan
swppp organization guideline8
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • General Requirements
    • Deadlines
    • Signature requirements
    • Plan location and public access
    • Required plan modification
swppp organization guideline9
SWPPP Organization Guideline
  • Special Requirements
    • Discharges through MS4s
    • Salt storage piles
    • EPCRA, Section 313 Facilities

The following is a step-by-step description of each item in the organizational list that was previously supplied. By addressing each item in the list, an acceptable SWPPP can be developed that meets ADEQs basic criteria.

planning and organization
Planning and Organization
  • Name the facility / operation
    • Supply the name of the facility
    • Supply the mailing and physical address of the facility
    • Include an emergency contact’s name and phone number
planning and organization12
Planning and Organization
  • Give a detailed description of the facility / operation and industrial activity
    • Include the type of industry
    • Include the quantity of final product that is produced at the facility
    • Describe the facility’s location and be sure to include:
      • County
      • Section
      • Range
      • Latitude
      • Longitude
planning and organization13
Planning and Organization
  • Form the Pollution Prevention Team. Be sure to include the following:
    • Title
    • Responsibilities
    • Emergency phone numbers
planning and organization14
Planning and Organization
  • Review other plans
    • SWPPPs may reflect requirements for Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plans developed for the facility under Section 311 of the Clean Water Act or BMP programs otherwise required by an NPDES permit for the facility as long as such requirements are incorporated into the SWPPP
assessment phase
Assessment Phase
  • Draw a map of your site including a blueprint of all buildings, structures, paved areas, and parking lots. You need to include the following features on your site map:
    • All outfalls and storm water discharges
    • Drainage areas of each storm water outfall
    • Structural storm water pollution control measures, such as:
      • Flow diversion structures
      • Retention / detention ponds
      • Vegetative swales
      • Sediment traps
assessment phase16
Assessment Phase

Site map continued:

  • Name of receiving waters (or if through a Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System)
  • Locations of exposed significant materials
  • Locations of past spills and leaks
assessment phase17
Assessment Phase

Site map continued:

  • Locations of high-risk, waste-generating areas and activities common on industrial sites such as:
    • Fueling stations
    • Vehicle / equipment washing and maintenance areas
    • Area for unloading / loading materials
    • Above-ground tanks for liquid storage
    • Industrial waste management areas (landfills, waste piles, treatment plants, disposal areas)
    • Outside storage areas for raw materials, by-products, and finished products
    • Outside manufacturing areas
    • Other areas of concern
assessment phase18
Assessment Phase
  • Inventory and describe exposed materials
    • Material
    • Purpose / Location
    • Quantity used, produced, and stored
    • Quantity exposed to storm water in last 3 years
    • Likelihood of contact with storm water
    • Any past significant spills
assessment phase19
Assessment Phase
  • Identify past spills and leaks
    • Include a list of significant spills & significant leaks of toxic or hazardous pollutants that occurred at areas that are exposed to precipitation or that otherwise drain to a storm water conveyance at the facility after the date of 3 years prior to the effective date of the permit
assessment phase20
Assessment Phase
  • Identify non-storm water discharges
    • Identify potential non-storm water discharges
    • List the results of any test and/or evaluation for the presence of non-storm water discharges
    • List the evaluation criteria or test method used
    • List the date of testing and/or evaluation
    • List the onsite drainage points that were directly observed during the test and/or evaluation
assessment phase21
Assessment Phase
  • Identify non-storm water discharges continued:
    • Allowable non-storm water discharges:
      • Discharges from fire fighting activities
      • Fire hydrant flushings
      • Potable water sources including waterline flushings
      • Irrigation drainage
      • Lawn watering
assessment phase22
Assessment Phase
  • Identify non-storm water discharges continued:
    • Allowable non-storm water discharges, continued:
      • Uncontaminated ground water
      • Foundation or footing drains where flows are not contaminated with process materials
      • Discharges from springs
      • Routine exterior building wash down which does not use detergents or other compounds
      • Air conditioning condensate
      • Pavement wash waters where spills or leaks or hazardous materials have not occurred and where detergents are not used.
assessment phase23
Assessment Phase
  • Evaluate monitoring data

* if your facility is required to perform

storm water sampling

    • Include a summary of any existing discharge sampling data describing pollutants in storm water discharges from the facility and a summary of sampling data collected during the term of this permit
assessment phase24
Assessment Phase
  • Summarize pollutant sources and risks
    • Include in your plan a narrative description of the potential pollutant sources and identify any pollutant of concern that may be generated by the following activities at your facility
      • Loading and unloading operations
      • Outdoor storage activities
      • Outdoor manufacturing or processing activities
      • Significant dust or particulate generating activities
      • Onsite waste disposal practices
bmp identification
BMP Identification
  • Baseline BMPs
    • Select the proper measures or BMPs that will eliminate or reduce pollutant loadings in storm water discharges from your facility site. Your plan design should include the following:
      • Good housekeeping
      • Preventative maintenance
      • Visual inspections
      • Spill prevention and response
      • Sediment and erosion control
      • Management of runoff
      • Employee training
      • Recordkeeping and reporting
bmp identification26
BMP Identification
  • Select activity-specific BMPs
    • Fueling
      • Consider installing spill and overflow protection
      • Discourage “topping off” of fuel tanks
      • Reduce exposure of the fuel area to storm water
      • Use dry cleanup methods for the fuel area
      • Use proper petroleum spill control
      • Encourage employee participation
    • Maintaining Vehicles and Equipment
      • Check for leaking oil and fluids
      • Use nontoxic or low-toxicity materials
      • Drain oil filters before disposal or recycling
      • Don’t pour liquid waste down drains
      • Recycle engine fluids and batteries
bmp identification27
BMP Identification
  • Select activity-specific BMPs continued:
    • Painting vehicles and equipment
      • Inspect parts prior to painting
      • Contain sanding wastes
      • Prevent paint waste from contacting storm water
      • Proper interim storage of waste paint, solvents, etc.
      • Evaluate efficiency of equipment
      • Recycle paint, paint thinner, and solvents
    • Washing vehicles and equipment
      • Consider use of phosphate-free detergents
      • Use designated cleaning areas
      • Consider recycling wash water
bmp identification28
BMP Identification
  • Select activity-specific BMPs continued:
    • Loading and unloading materials
      • Contain leaks during transfer
      • Check equipment regularly for leaks
      • Limit exposure of material to rainfall
      • Prevent storm water run on
    • Liquid storage in above-ground tanks
      • Comply with applicable State and Federal laws
      • Properly train employees
      • Install safeguards against accidental releases
      • Routinely inspect tanks and equipment
      • Consider installing secondary containment
bmp identification29
BMP Identification
  • Select activity-specific BMPs continued:
    • Industrial waste management and outside manufacturing
      • Conduct a waste reduction assessment
      • Institute industrial waste source reduction and recycling BMPs
      • Prevent runoff and run on from contacting the waste management area
      • Minimize runoff from land application sites
    • Outside storage of raw materials, by-products, or finished products
      • Cover or enclose materials
bmp identification30
BMP Identification
  • Select activity-specific BMPs continued:
    • Salt Storage
      • Put it under a roof
      • Use temporary covers
      • Enclose or berm transfer areas
bmp identification31
BMP Identification
  • Select site-specific BMPs
    • Flow diversion practices
      • Storm water conveyances
      • Diversion dikes
      • Graded areas and pavement
    • Exposure minimization practices
      • Containment diking
      • Curbing
      • Drip Pans
      • Collection Basins
      • Sumps
      • Vehicle positioning
      • Loading and unloading by air pressure or vacuum
bmp identification32
BMP Identification
  • Select site-specific BMPs continued:
    • Mitigating Practices
      • Sweeping
      • Shoveling
      • Excavation practices
      • Vacuum and pump systems
      • Sorbents
      • Gelling Agents
    • Other Preventive Practices
      • Preventive monitoring practices
      • Dust control
      • Signs and labels
      • Security
      • Area control procedures
      • Vehicle washing
bmp identification33
BMP Identification
  • Select site-specific BMPs continued:
    • Sediment and erosion prevention practices
      • Vegetative practices
      • Structural erosion prevention and sediment control practices
    • Infiltration practices
      • Vegetated filter strips
      • Grassed swales
      • Level spreaders
      • Infiltration trenches
      • Porous pavements / concrete grids and modular pavement
implementation phase
Implementation Phase
  • Implement BMPs
    • Develop a schedule for implementation
    • Assign specific individuals with responsibility for implementing aspects of the plan and / or monitoring implementation
    • Ensure that management approves of your implementation schedule and strategy and schedule regular times for reporting progress to management
implementation phase35
Implementation Phase
  • Train employees
    • Employee training programs must inform personnel at all levels of responsibility of the components and goals of the SWPPP. Topics to include:
      • Spill prevention and response
      • Good housekeeping
      • Material management practices

* The SWPPP must specify how often training is conducted

evaluation monitoring
Evaluation / Monitoring
  • Conduct annual site inspection / BMP evaluation
    • Inspect storm water drainage areas for evidence of pollutants entering the drainage system
    • Evaluate the effectiveness of measures to reduce pollutant loadings and whether additional measures are needed
    • Observe structural measures, sediment controls, and other storm water BMPs to ensure proper operation
    • Inspect any equipment needed to implement the plan, such as spill response equipment
    • Revise the plan as needed within 2 weeks of inspection
evaluation monitoring37
Evaluation / Monitoring
  • Conduct annual site inspection / BMP evaluation continued:
    • Implement any necessary changes in a timely manner, but at least within 12 weeks of the inspection
    • Prepare a report summarizing inspection results and follow up actions, the date of the inspection and personnel who conducted the inspection; identify any incidents of noncompliance or certify that the facility is in compliance with the plan
    • All incidents of noncompliance must be documented in the inspection report
    • Sign the report
evaluation monitoring38
Evaluation / Monitoring
  • Conduct recordkeeping and reporting
    • Incidents such as spills or other discharges, along with other information describing the quality and quantity of storm water discharges must be included in the records.
    • The records should include:
      • The date and time of the incident
      • Formal written records
      • A list of procedures for notifying the appropriate plant personnel and the names and telephone numbers of responsible employees
evaluation monitoring39
Evaluation / Monitoring
  • Review and revise plan
    • You must amend your plan whenever there is a change in design, construction, operation, or maintenance, which may impact the potential for pollutants to be discharged or if the SWPPP proves to be ineffective in controlling the discharge of pollutants; Otherwise, the plan shall be updated and amended every three years
general requirements
General Requirements
  • Deadlines
    • New facilities must submit a Notice of Intent at least 48 hours prior to commencement of the storm water discharge
    • New facilities have 60 days after commencement of a storm water discharge to complete and implement a SWPPP
general requirements41
General Requirements
  • Signature requirements
    • For a corporation, the plan must be signed by a “responsible corporate officer.” A responsible corporate officer may be any of the following:
      • President, secretary, treasurer, vice-president, or manager
    • For a partnership or sole proprietorship, the plan must be signed by a general partner or the proprietor, respectively
general requirements42
General Requirements
  • Signature requirements continued:
    • For a municipality, State, Federal, or other public agency, the plan must be signed by either:
      • The principal executive officer or ranking official, which includes the chief executive officer of the agency, or
      • The senior officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic unit of the agency
general requirements43
General Requirements
  • Plan location and public access
    • Plans are required to be maintained onsite of the facility unless the Director, or authorized representative, or the operator of a large or medium municipal separate storm sewer system, requests that the plan be submitted. Plans and all required records must be kept until at least one year after coverage under the permit expires
general requirements44
General Requirements
  • Required plan modification
    • Any changes required by the permitting authority shall be made within 30 days, unless otherwise provided by the notification, and the facility must submit a certification signed by a responsible corporate officer, to the Director that the requested changes have been made
special requirements
Special Requirements
  • Discharges through MS4s
    • Permittees must comply with conditions in municipal storm water management programs developed under the NPDES permit issued for that system to which the industrial facility discharges, provided that the facility was directly notified of the applicable requirements by the municipal operator.
special requirements46
Special Requirements
  • Salt storage piles
    • Where storm water from a salt storage pile is discharged to waters of the United States, the pile must be covered or enclosed to prevent exposure to precipitation, except when salt is being added to or taken from the pile
special requirements47
Special Requirements
  • EPCRA, section 313 facilities
    • The following specific control requirements must be practiced in areas where Section 313 water priority chemicals are stored, handled, processed, or transferred
      • Provide containment, drainage control, and/or diversionary structures
      • Prevent discharges from all areas
      • Prevent discharges from liquid storage areas
      • Prevent discharges from loading / unloading areas
      • Prevent discharges from handling / processing / transferring areas
      • Introduce facility security programs to prevent spills