slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Safe wastewater use in agriculture PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Safe wastewater use in agriculture

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 31
Download Presentation

Safe wastewater use in agriculture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

glenda
97 Views
Download Presentation

Safe wastewater use in agriculture

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Safe wastewater use in agriculture Selected FAOmaterials Javier Mateo-Sagasta Dávila (javier.mateosagasta@fao.org) FAO Land and Water Division

  2. Selected knowledge products

  3. FAO Water Report 35

  4. FAO Water Report 35 • methodology for the economic appraisal of WW reuse projects • applies this methodologyin real cases • in Mexico and Spain.

  5. FAO Water Report 35 Failure Stories

  6. FAO Water Report 35 Why? Not economic appraisal!

  7. FAO Water Report 35 Steps in an economic appraisal • Economic justification • Are Total Benefits higher than Total Costs? • Cost-benefit analysis • Is reuse the most cost-effective approach? • Are there better alternatives? • Cost-effectiveness analysis • Financial feasibility • Who pays? And how?

  8. FAO Water Report 35 Economic justification

  9. FAO Water Report 35 Boundaries and parties Cities Agriculture Environment

  10. FAO Water Report 35 Cost-Benefit analysis Benefits • Farmers • Water all year round • Nutrients and organic matter • Avoided costs of pumping • Cities • Food Security • Low-cost treatment • Environment • Reduced pollution • Reduced freshwater abstraction • Lower C foot print

  11. FAO Water Report 35 Cost-Benefit analysis Risks Minimizing risks = Cost • Treatment options • Non treatment options

  12. FAO Water Report 35 Cost-Benefit analysis • Other costs • New infrastructure • Water pumping and conveyance • Environmental costs • Environmental impacts (e.g. Salinization) • Health costs • Illness due to infectious and chemical agents

  13. FAO Water Report 35 Cost-Effectiveness If Total Benefits > Total Costs Is the chosen reuse approach the most cost-effective approach? • Water Conservation • Desalination • Water transfer • Others Alternatives.

  14. FAO Water Report 35 Financial feasibility

  15. FAO Water Report 35 Financial impact on stakeholders • Stakeholders: • Farmers • City authorities • Regional or national government • Who benefits and who loses ?

  16. FAO Water Report 35 Financial instruments • Subsidies • Others • Soft loans • Payment for environmental services • Water charges • Pollution taxes • …

  17. FAO Water Report 35 Final remarks Economic appraisal of projects (including reuse projects) is an essential tool for water planning and allocation strategies within IWRM. The FAO report provides a sound methodology for the economic appraisal of reuse projects.

  18. Training Manuals for Farmers

  19. Training Manuals for Farmers

  20. Training Manuals for Farmers

  21. Training Manuals for Farmers

  22. Training Manuals for Farmers

  23. AQUASTAT- wastewater

  24. AQUASTAT- wastewater Use of untreated or partially treated WW 5-20 million hectares 50 Countries Difficult to monitor by public authorities. May be underreported!

  25. AQUASTAT- wastewater

  26. AQUASTAT- wastewater

  27. AQUASTAT- wastewater Accounting wastewater production, treatment and use/discharge at country levelcan help with the diagnosis!! Reporting at global level will help to identify hot spots and target the international support

  28. Selected knowledge products

  29. Selected knowledge products Do these materials cover your knowledge needs? How can them be improved and completed?

  30. THANK YOU!