Lecture Seven Koran. Lecturer: Wu Shiyu. Outline . I. This lecture explores two questions: Who was Muhammad, the prophet of the one and only God? What is the Koran, this revelation from God that transformed history . II. Muhammad was born in Arabia in 570 A.D. to a respected family.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Lecturer: Wu Shiyu
1. Some of Mecca’s wealth came from those who were making pilgrimages to the Black Stone.
2. The teachings of Muhammad threatened established ideas, including the tribal idea, which indicated that a person’s first loyalty is to the tribe. Muhammad said that a person’s first loyalty was to God.
3. People also questioned what gave Muhammad the right to proclaim a new god.
1. Muhammad came to realize that God demanded that he spread this faith even if he was opposed by military might. He began to weld the people of Medina into an army motivated by the belief that God had chosen them to spread his word.
2. By 630, Muhammad had conquered Mecca partly by negotiations, and his message and political power began to spread throughout much of Arabia.
1. These conquests were not made by force alone; many converted to Islam not from terror but because they believed that the message of Muhammad was the truth.
2. Muhammad became a military and political leader, a successful prophet in his own day.
1. The duty of those who submit to God is to spread that message, by the sword if necessary.
2. If the infidels accept the message in peace or leave believers in peace, they can be tolerated; however, if they take up arms against believers, the believers must wage war.
3. Those who die fighting for the faith of Muhammad will go to paradise. To fight for faith and, if necessary, die for it is one of the highest callings.
1. The first of these actions is to say with absolute meaning, “I believe that there is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet.”
2. The next step is to give alms. Muhammad praises those who help the poor.
4. A Muslim must fast during Ramadan, the holy month when God first made himself known to Muhammad. Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset to show their submission to God.
5. Muslims should make a pilgrimage to Mecca if possible. The Black Stone is proof that God existed from the beginning of time.
1. Muhammad stated that there was no god but God.
2. Jesus said, “The time is at hand; repent; believe in the Kingdom of God.”
3. Socrates said that people should believe that they have a conscience, believe that there is absolute truth, and believe that the soul is immortal.
4. Moses believed that God had said to him, “I am the Lord thy God, who led thee out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You will have no other gods before me.”
1. Socrates spent his entire life trying to make people understand what good is.
2. Muhammad demanded that people lead righteous lives.
3. Moses brought the Ten Commandments.
4. The message of Jesus reduced the Commandments to two: Love God and love your neighbor.
1. In fact, two of them—Jesus and Socrates—were executed because of their uncompromising stand for the truth.
2. According to Machiavelli, Moses and Muhammad triumphed because they each had an army behind them.
1. The message of Muhammad became the religion of Islam.
2. Jesus turned the religion of the Jews into one that the Gentiles could understand.
3. Plato transformed the message of Socrates to follow the truth into a philosophy.