Statistics Review

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# Statistics Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Statistics Review.

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### StatisticsReview

A major university decides to survey the student body to find out their opinion about life on campus. All students are identified by their major field of study, such as education, mathematics, or literature. The university randomly chooses four of the eight majors offered at the university. The university sends the survey to a random sample of the students in these four majors. Identify the sampling method used (convenience, systematic, stratified, or voluntary-response).

• convenience
• systematic
• stratified
• voluntary-response
List the data values in the stem-and-leaf plot.
• 30, 31, 35, 51, 53, 57, 59, 71, 91
• 3, 13, 15, 17, 19, 35, 53, 75, 95
• 30, 31, 35, 51, 53, 57, 59, 71, 91, 91
• 3, 13, 15, 17, 19, 19, 35, 53, 75, 95

Ms. Wallace records the amount of time each of her students spends practicing piano each week. She uses this line plot to organize the data. Which data set is represented by the line plot?

• 1,1,1,1,1,2,2,2,2,3,3,3,4
• 1,1,1,1,1,2,2,2,2,2,3,3,4
• 1,2,2,1,2,1,2,1,2,1,3,3,3,4
• 3,2,2,1,1,2,2,1,4,2,1,1,4,1
Find the mean, median, and mode of the list of values. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.3, 16, 22, 25, 24, 23, 16, 16
• Mean = 18.1 Median = 24 Mode = 16
• Mean = 18.1 Median = 19 Mode = 22
• Mean = 18.1 Median = 19 Mode = 16
• Mean = 72.5 Median = 19 Mode = 16

The monthly rents for five apartments advertised in a newspaper were \$670, \$670, \$790, \$1650, and \$810. Use the mean, median, and mode of the rents to answer the question. Which value gives the average rent?

• The average rent is the mean, \$918.
• The average rent is the median, \$790.
• The average rent is the mode, \$670.

The monthly rents for five apartments advertised in a newspaper were \$650, \$650, \$760, \$1550, and \$840. Use the mean, median, and mode of the rents to answer the question. Which value gives the rent that was advertised most often?

• The rent advertised most often is the median, \$760.
• The rent advertised most often is the mean, \$890.
• The rent advertised most often is the mode, \$650.

Constellations are made up of more than one star. The table shows the number of stars that make up various constellations. Determine the mean, median, and mode of the data.

• Mean = 32 Median = 46Mode = 28
• Mean = 46.1 Median = 25Mode = 28
• Mean = 32 Median = 46Mode = 22
• Mean = 32 Median = 25Mode = 22

Asteroids are chunks of rock and metal that orbit the sun. The asteroid belt is a band of asteroids that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Suppose scientists measure the diameters of several asteroids. Find the mean, median, and mode of the data. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

• Mean = 68.9 meters Median = 70 meters Mode = 48 meters
• Mean = 68.9 meters Median = 70 meters Mode = 91 meters
• Mean = 91.3 meters Median = 70 meters Mode = 48 meters
• Mean = 68.9 meters Median = 92 meters Mode = 48 meters
Find the range and the first and third quartiles for the data set.30, 89, 19, 28, 71, 67, 75
• Range = 70 First quartile = 75 Third quartile = 28
• Range = 89 First quartile = 67 Third quartile = 75
• Range = 70 First quartile = 28 Third quartile = 75
• Range = 67 First quartile = 28 Third quartile = 75
The box-and-whisker plot represents which set of data?
• 5, 4, 16, 20, 10, 6, 15
• 5, 4, 16, 21, 10, 6, 15

The lives of two different brands of 60-watt light bulbs are shown in the box-and-whisker plots. Compare the medians and the ranges of the data sets.

• Glo-Brite has a greater median. Glo-Brite has a greater range.
• The medians are equal. Luminate has a greater range.
• The medians are equal. Glo-Brite has a greater range.
• Glo-Brite has a greater median. Luminate has a greater range.
List a set of data values that can be represented by the box-and-whisker plot shown.
• 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16
• 4, 6, 8, 11, 15, 16
• 4, 5, 6, 9, 11, 15, 16
• 4, 6, 7, 11, 15, 16

A survey of sports fans was conducted to determine each fan’s favorite sport. The table shows the results of the survey. Make a double-bar graph of the data.

The manager of an amusement park takes a survey to find out the ages of the people who ride a new ride. The results of the survey are shown in the frequency table. Use the data to make a histogram.

A computer store sells Ultra Fast brand desktop and laptop computers. They tracked the sales of both kinds of computers over five days and made a double-line graph. Which table is represented by the graph?

Which type of graph would you use to compare the average heights of boys and girls from ages 6 through 18?
• circle graph
• double-line graph
• line plot
• histogram
Which type of graph would you use to show how frequently airplanes were delayed for different lengths of time?
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-line graph
• double-bar graph
• histogram
The circle graph shows how the average American family spends its money. Explain why the graph is misleading.
• A family with an annual income of \$32,000 spends about \$2000 on clothing.
• The sections of the graph do not add to 100%, so the percent for at least one type of expense is not represented.
• The section of the graph representing 18% looks larger than the sections for 15% and 6% combined.
• The amount of money spent on transportation and food exceeds the amount of money spent on housing.

The table relates the amount of fertilizer used on a tomato plant and the number of tomatoes produced by the plant. Which scatter plot represents the values in the table?

A travel agency surveys its customers to find out the average cost of a vacation compared to the miles traveled during the vacation. The results of the survey are shown in the table. Which scatter plot represents the values in the table?

Does the scatter plot appear to have a positive correlation, negative correlation, or no correlation?
• Negative correlation
• No correlation
• Positive correlation
Does the data set have a positive, a negative, or no correlation?The cost of a meal and the amount of food.
• No correlation
• Negative correlation
• Positive correlation

A lawn specialist measured the average temperature during different growing periods and the amount that the grass grew during each period. The scatter plot shows the results of his study. Based on this plot, which is the best prediction for the growth that would occur if the temperature were 55°F?

• 14 centimeters
• 5.6 centimeters
• 10 centimeters
• 17.5 centimeters
What kind of graph would best show the growth in the numbers of people owning cell phones from 2000 to 2007?
• circle graph
• line graph
• double-bar graph
• Venn diagram
a graph that displays two related sets of data
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
the description of the relationship between two data sets
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
a graph that displays the highest and lowest quarters of data as whiskers, the middle two quarters of the data as a box, and the median
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
a sample that does not fairly represent the population
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
a table that lists items together according to the number of times that the items occur
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
a graph that compares two sets of data by displaying one set of data to the left of the stem and the other to the right
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
a diagram that is used to show relationships between sets
• back-to-back stem-and-leaf plot
• double-bar graph
• biased sample
• box-and-whisker plot
• Venn diagram
• correlation
• unbiased sample
• frequency table
the middle number, or the mean (average) of the two middle numbers, in an ordered set of data
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
the sum of a set of data divided by the number of items in the data set; also called average
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
a graph that uses line segments to show how data changes
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
a number line with marks or dots that show frequency
• histogram
• double-line graph
• central tendency
• mean
• line plot
• mode
• line of best fit
• median
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
three values, one of which is the median, that divides a data set into fourths
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
a part of the population
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
a sample in which each individual or object in the entire population has an equal chance of being selected
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
a sample in which members choose to be in the sample
• domain
• outlier
• population
• quartile
• random sample
• voluntary-response sample
• range
• sample
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample
the spread of values in a set of data
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample
a graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship between two sets of data
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample
a graph used to organize and display data so that the frequencies can be compared
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample
• scatter plot
• stem-and-leaf plot
• stratified sample
• predictions
• box-and-whisker plot
• systematic sample
• variability
• convenience sample