DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS POWER
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • Power is the rate at which electrical work is done in a specific amount of time. • Earlier you learned that a joule is equal to the amount of work done by one volt of EMF in moving one coulomb of charge with no regard to time. • Power is the measure of joules of work per unit of time, the unit of power is the Watt.
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • The watt is equal to one joule per second. • The joule is equal to .738 foot pounds ( about ¾ of a pound), the watt is also equal to .738 foot pounds (one pound lifted one foot) of work per second.
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • The unit of mechanical power is the horsepower, one horsepower is equal to 550 foot pounds per second, or 746 watts.
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • Power is directly proportional to both current and voltage. • The symbol (P) is used to represent power in equations. • The formula for power is: P = I x E
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • There are three formulas for every quantity in the expanded pie chart. • The center of the circle is the ohms law quantities; I, R, E & P, in this chart has its own color coded section.
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • Here are the formulas to solve for amperage based on the values given. • If you have the wattage and voltage of a circuit, to solve for I which formula would you use?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • To solve for (R) you would use one of the three formulas in the pie chart depending on the values given. • P = 1000W, I = 5A what is the resistance?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • To solve for (E); • P = 200W, R = 25Ω, what is the voltage?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • To solve for (P); • E = 120V, R = 40Ω, what is the wattage?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • A HEATING UNIT IS RATED TO 1600 WATTS WHEN CONNECTED TO A 240 VOLT CIRCUIT, HOW MUCH CURRENT WILL THE UNIT DRAW?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • A CIRCUIT WITH A 100 OHM RESISTOR HAS A CURRENT OF 6.8 AMPS, WHAT IS THE VOLTAGE? • IS A RESISTOR RATED TO HALF A WATT LARGE ENOUGH FOR THIS CIRCUIT?
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • Resistors are rated by wattage, and as you can see here the smaller the resistor the lower the wattage rating.
DC ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS • As you know incandescent light bulbs are rated in wattage, fluorescent bulbs are also rated in wattage and now LED bulbs are becoming more and more popular. • Given that the voltage and current remain the same how do you select the right bulb for the desired illumination.