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Passage-Based Writing

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  1. Passage-Based Writing Mrs. Murray, M.Ed.

  2. Writing Proficiency On topic Flow of Ideas Words for effect Keeping audience in mind Story structure Sentences Punctuation Paragraphs Forming Letters Spelling Spacing Words

  3. Skills Students Need What skills do students need in order to complete a passage-based writing prompt?

  4. Informative Rubric SBAC Development/Elaboration 4 Development/Elaboration 2 Controlling or main idea of a topic is clearly communicated, and the focus is strongly maintained for the purpose, audience, and task Consistent use of a variety of transitional strategies to clarify the relationships between and among ideas Effective introduction and conclusions Logical progression of ideas from beginning to end; strong connections between and among ideas with some syntactic variety Controlling or main idea of a topic may be somewhat unclear, or the focus may be insufficiently sustained for the purpose, audience, and task Inconsistent use of transitional strategies and/or little variety Introduction or conclusion, if present, may be weak Uneven progression of ideas from beginning to end; and/or formulaic; inconsistent or unclear connections between and among ideas

  5. Types of Schmicken The bactrum is a Transtitutionschmicken. Its origins go back to the Cartificheplers who were brought to Transitution in the 1500s. Later, the Cartificschmickens combined with the shimorgingmitrens of the schmickens of Grafkins who lived in the Narstigs. The schmicken was toned down a little bit, but it kept the knuppleniferts it always had. The crimtal is a schmicken from the WanstilferSchoomark. It may be schmickened to a variety of craymores, and it uses moffett-morrfettmitrin. The pinmed originated in Bredgentine. It used a combination of Cartific, Grafkin, and Valkamanous influences. The very earliest manhittions were considered rykernoin. Later, the pinmed was sanitized a bit. Then it became a schmicken of foostraker society.

  6. Types of Dance The bactrum is a Transtitution dance. Its origins go back to the Cartific slaves who were brought to Transtitutia in the 1500s. Later, the African dances combined with swaying steps of the dances of Grafkins who lived in the region. The dance was toned down a little, but it kept the hip movements it always had. The crimtal is a dance from the Dominican Republic. It may be danced to a variety of tempos, and it uses a foot-dragging step. The pinmed originated in Bredgentile. It used a combination of Cartific, Grafkin, and European influences. The very earliest versions were considered indecent. Later, the pinmed was sanitized a bit. Then it became a dance of mainstream society.

  7. Types of Dance The samba is a Brazilian dance. Its origins go back to the African slaves who were brought to Brazil in the 1500s. Later, the African dances combined with the swaying steps of the Indians who lived in the region. The dance was toned down a little, but it kept the hip movements it always had. The merengue is a dance from the Dominican Republic. It may be danced to a variety of tempos, and it uses a foot-dragging style. The tango originated in Argentina. It used a combination of African, Indian, and European influences. The very earliest versions were considered indecent. Later, the tango was sanitized a bit. Then, it became a dance of mainstream society.

  8. Quote, Paraphrase and Summarize On your paper, write down what it means to quote, paraphrase and summarize. Now share with your table what you wrote down for each.

  9. Frayer Model

  10. PEEC Paragraph

  11. PEEC Paragraph Example Bravery is a characteristic that appears during times of crisis. In the story, Where the Red Fern Grows, a boy and his two puppies are sleeping in a cave at nighttime when he hears the scream of a mountain lion. While the boy is frozen in fear, the male puppy springs to action to defend the boy and other dog. He raised “his small red head high in the air, [and] bawled his challenge to the devil cat” (Rawls 17-18). This shows that the boy dog displayed courage in a dangerous situation. Even though he was smaller than the mountain lion, it didn’t prevent him from defending others. In life, people can show bravery in many different ways by standing up to someone or something that’s bigger than themselves.

  12. “The Dance” by Garth Brooks Read the lyrics to “The Dance” and write down what you think the point of the song is. Share your thoughts with your table. http://vimeo.com/60119381

  13. Paraphrase

  14. Writing is Exhausting! Plan the structure IDEA! Transcribe to written text Select words and phrases Hold in working memory Generate sentences

  15. Paraphrase Practice • Two-Column Notes (also called Cornell Notes) • One Sentence Paraphrase • Paraphrase or Not? Activity

  16. Two Column Notes Idea • Introduction • Knowing Will Shakespeare • Cross-Dressing Theater • A Whole Lot of Angry People! • You Can’t Wear That! Paraphrase Write your paraphrase of the concept.

  17. One Sentence Paraphrase Paraphrase the section titled “You Can’t Wear That!” into ONE sentence only. Make sure it includes all of the ideas of the section.

  18. Paraphrased or Not?

  19. Summarization

  20. Which is better? Summary A Summary B Dr. Walter Turnbull started the Boys Choir of Harlem in 1968 to help the children in the neighborhood. The choir was very successful, but Turnbull wanted to do more. In 1987 he started a special school for Harlem’s children. The Boys Choir of Harlem is not like other choirs. It has performed for kings, presidents, and other important people. The concert choir contains about 200 students, and the performing choir includes 35 to 40 students.

  21. Summary Practice • Journalist Questions • One Word Summaries • Magnet Summaries • Note taking foldable • Get the GIST

  22. Journalist Question Answer the 5W’s+H about your Shakespeare article. Then write a summary using that basic information. • Who • What • When • Where • Why • How

  23. One Word Summaries • Use only ONE word to summarize the article about Shakespearian times • Now write two or three sentences explaining their selection.

  24. Magnet Summary Topic First Chunk Third Chunk Second Chunk Details go here

  25. Magnet Summary

  26. GIST Write a 10-word summary of the article on Shakespearian times. No more. No less. ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________

  27. Skills Students Need