Yamato Kingdom. Dries Darrow AP World History. Yamato Period . Period of Japanese history in which the Japanese imperial court ruled. Ruled during the period 250-710. Split into two periods: the kofun and asuka period. Period is divided due to the relocation of the capital to asuka .
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Yamato Kingdom Dries Darrow AP World History
Yamato Period • Period of Japanese history in which the Japanese imperial court ruled. • Ruled during the period 250-710. • Split into two periods: the kofun and asuka period. Period is divided due to the relocation of the capital to asuka. • Kofun: Archeological period • Asuka: Historical period • Founder: Homuda (Oujin) • Was first Yamato province
Background • Adopted many ideas from other kingdoms including the Chinese, in which the Yamato dynasty gained philosophical and social structure. • Adopted Chinese calendar and religions, including Confucianism and Daoism.
Kofun Period (250-538) • Kofun: Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era. • Chinese culture influenced period through waves of migration and trade. • Traded between mainland and the Japanese archipelago.
Trade • Because of the Chinese influence goods were traded including: • Books (main transportation good) • Decorated bronze mirrors • Philosophy (specifically Chinese) • Immigrants from Korea and China also came to Japan.
Kofun society • Period was important stage in Japan’s evolution toward a more cohesive and recognized state. • A highly aristocratic society with militaristic rulers developed. • Said to end after the disappearance of the use of the kofun by the Yamato and elites.
Asuka Period (538-710) • Buddhism is introduced to region changing the Yamato government and the Japanese society. • Known for its artistic, social and political transformations. • Yamato dynasty evolved much during the asuka period. • Changed the religion in Japan totally from the Shinto shrine to the Buddhist temple.
Yamato Polity (state) • State emerged in the Asukaperiod, exercising power over clans and basing ideas of off Chinese models. • Distinguished by powerful great clans or extended families. • Each clan was headed by patriarch. • First time in Japanese history that the emperor of Japan ruled relatively uncontested in the Yamato province.
Architecture and Art • The art and architecture of the Asuka period was also influenced by the new religion and evolution of the dynasty.
Spread of Buddhism • Though the initial uptake of Buddhism was slow, it rapidly spread across Japan:
Timeline: KOFUN (YAMATO) (300 - 645) Unified state begins with emergence of powerful clan rulers; Japan establishes close contacts with mainland Asia. Clan rulers are buried in kofun (large tomb mounds), surrounded by haniwa (clay sculptures). Yamato clan rulers, claiming descent from AmaterasuOmikami, begin the imperial dynasty that continues to occupy the throne today. Japan adopts Chinese written characters. ShotokuTaishi (574-622) begins to shape Japanese society and government more after the pattern of China. He seeks centralization of government and a bureaucracy of merit. He also calls for reverence for Buddhism and the Confucian virtues. ASUKA (645 -710) A great wave of reforms called the Taika no Kaishin (Taika Reforms) aims to strengthen the emperor's power. New aristocratic families are created. Especially powerful is that of Fujiwara no Kamatari, who helped push the reforms.