6.3 Our Constitution Main Idea The Constitution is the supreme law of the U.S. A living document, based on seven principles, is allowed to be change to meet the demands of the people.
Why It Matters Now The Constitution combines past ideas and principles that allow the document to be changed.
CA Standards • 8.1.4 Describe the nation’s blend of civil republicanism, classical liberal principles, and English parliamentary traditions. • 8.2.1 Discuss the significance of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact. • 8.2.6 Enumerate the powers of government set forth in the Constitution and the fundamental liberties ensured by the Bill of Rights. • 8.2.7 Describe the principles of the Constitution. • 8.3.6 Describe the basic law-making process and how citizens become involved.
DGQs • What were the ideas behind the Constitution? • What are fundamental principles underlying the Constitution? • What is the structure of the Constitution?
Ideas Behind it • Roman Republic, government where citizens rule themselves through elective representatives. • Two historical English documents -Magna Carta -English Bill of Rights
Enlightenment • John Locke -Idea on natural rights • Baron de Montesquieu -Separation of powers, powers of government is separated into defined branches
Representative Traditions • House of Burgesses (1620) -First representative body. • Mayflower Compact (1620) -Agreement to create equal and just laws. • Town Meetings -colonial gatherings to deal with community issues.
Reflect and Share Take a minute to answer the first DGQ. Then share the answer with your partner. Add/Change your answer. 1. What were the ideas behind the Constitution?
Principles • Popular Sovereignty, people are the primary source of gov. power. • Limited Government, gov. only have the power the constitution gives it. • Separation of Powers, gov. broken into three branches it limit power. • Checks and Balances, each branch limits the power of the other two.
Cont. • Federalism, power is divided by fed. gov. and states. • Republicanism, elected officials rule in our name. • Individual Rights, protected rights of the people.
Reflect and Share Take a minute to answer the second DGQ. Then share the answer with your partner. Add/Change your answer. 2. What are fundamental principles underlying the Constitution?
Structure • Preamble, reasons for creating and goals. -Power comes from the people. -Create a perfect country. -Establish justice, peace, and order. -Defense. -Take care of the people. -Value and protect the people’s rights • Articles, explains how the government works. • Amendments, official change or fix.
Article 1, Leg. Branch, Congress Senate • 2 per state • 6 yr term • 30 yrs. old • 9 yr. citizen • Live in the state elected -VP is the president of the Senate. House of Representatives • Based on population • 2 yr term • 25 yrs. old • 7 yr. citizen • Live in the state elected
Law Making Art. 1 Sec. 7 • Bill (law) is introduced in Congress (both houses). • Sent to a committee to review (both houses). • Bill is debated and final version agreed. • President signs or vetoes (rejects) bill. -Bill becomes law or dies. • Congress can override veto with 2/3 majority vote. -Becomes law.
Article 1, Section 8 • All other powers. -Collect taxes. -Coin money. -Establish post offices. -fix standard weights and measures. -Declare war.
Article 2, Executive Branch • President, elected through Electoral College -4 yr. term -35 yrs. old -14 year resident -Natural born citizen • Vice President • Cabinet • Departments and agencies
Article 3, Judicial Branch • Supreme Court -Unlimited term -No min. age -No residence req. -No citizenship req. • Highest court that reviews appeals from lower courts. -State and Federal Route
Article 5, Amendments • Changes made to the Constitution. -27 Amendments -Proposed by Congress or state leg. -Need 3/4 approval. -First ten, Bill of Rights.
Reflect and Share Take a minute to answer the third DGQ. Then share the answer with your partner. Add/Change your answer. 3. What is the structure of the Constitution?