The Rhyming & the Styling of Shakespeare’sA Midsummer Night’s Dream
The 3 Writing Styles of MSND-Iambic Pentameter, -Rhymed Verse, -Catalectic Trochaic Tetrameter
Iambic Pentameter • is a kind of rhythmic pattern that consist of: • five “iambs”per line (iamb-unaccented syllable followed by an accented one). • It's the most common rhythm in English poetry and sounds like five heartbeats: • “Penta" means "five," • “meter" refers to a regular rhythmic pattern.
Iambic Pentameter • It's the most common rhythm in English poetry and sounds like five heartbeats: da DUM, da DUM, da DUM, da DUM, da DUM. • Here's an example from Theseus's speech to Hippolyta: hippOLyTA, i WOO'D thee WITH my SWORD, and WON thy LOVE, doING thee INjurIES;
Rhymed Verse • Passionate youth of MSND rhyme their words (Hermia’s) Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind; (A rhyme)And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind: (A rhyme)Nor hath Love's mind of any judgment taste; (B rhyme)Wings and no eyes figure unheedyhaste: (B rhyme)And therefore is Love said to be a child, (C rhyme)Because in choice he is so oft beguiled. (C rhyme)
Catalectic Trochaic Tetrameter • Used by fairies & also witches in Macbeth • A "trochee" is the opposite of an "iamb." • It's an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable that sounds like DUM-da. • "Tetra" means "four" and "meter" refers to a regular rhythmic pattern. So "trochaic tetrameter" is a kind of rhythmic pattern that consist of four trochees per line
Catalectic Trochaic Tetrameter • It sounds like this: DUM-da, DUM-da, DUM-da, DUM-da. Here's an example where Puck addresses Oberon:CAPtain OF our FAIry BAND,HELeNA is HERE at HAND;