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THE NEW NATION. Washington's Presidency. THE "FOUNDING" PERIOD. WASHINGTON TAKES OFFICE. WHAT WHAT CHALLENGES ARE THE NEW NATION FACING?. Think what led to the following "Founding Moments": Declaration of Independence Constitution. WHAT ARE CHALLENGES FACING THE NEW NATION?.

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the new nation
THE NEW NATION
  • Washington's Presidency
what what challenges are the new nation facing
WHAT WHAT CHALLENGES ARE THE NEW NATION FACING?
  • Think what led to the following "Founding Moments":
      • Declaration of Independence
      • Constitution
what are challenges facing the new nation1
WHAT ARE CHALLENGES FACING THE NEW NATION?
  • Debt from Revolutionary War
  • New Nation with no experiencing governing
  • Building relations with foreign countries/Alliances
  • Building an army
  • How to best represent the people (who can vote?)
  • Slavery
  • Washington could not single-handedly run the country - needed help from experts & supervisors
  • Forts with British soldiers at them
  • Spanish & French in the US
  • Expansion west of the Appalachian Mountains
  • Trouble with Native Americans
  • Balance of power
    • State vs. federal power
    • 3 branches of government
    • Enforcing laws - avoiding dictatorship
  • Efficiency
  • Maintains ideas of the Declaration
  • Unify the states
  • Trust
  • Being prepared for the future
  • Equality
cabinet
CABINET
  • Constitution states that the preside
the cabinet today http www whitehouse gov administration cabinet
THE CABINET TODAYhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/cabinet
hamilton s financial plan
HAMILTON'S FINANCIAL PLAN
  • Federal government would assume state debts
  • The United States would pay back loans with interest
  • Protectivetariff on imports produced in Europe to encourage American industries.
  • Excise tax on whiskey (tax on a luxury good)
  • There would be a National Bank which would issue paper money, issue tax receipts and hold the governments money.
response to the assumption of state debts
RESPONSE TO THE ASSUMPTION OF STATE DEBTS
  • “Consolidation”….conveyed the political fear, so potent among that Antifederalist critics of the constitutional settlement of 1788, that the states would be absorbed by the new federal government. It echoed the ideological fear, so effective as a weapon against the taxes imposed by Parliament and George III that…all liberty was lost. And at a primal level it suggested the unconscious fear of being swallowed up by a larger creature…eaten alive.
protective tariff
PROTECTIVE TARIFF
  • http://www.nps.gov/pagr/historyculture/index.htm
whiskey rebellion federal power
WHISKEY REBELLION: FEDERAL POWER

Washington sent in troops to enforce the law

PA farmers refused to pay the tax, threatened to secede from the Union

national bank
NATIONAL BANK
  • Sets off debate about how the constitution should be interpreted
  • "Strict" interpretation
  • "Loose" interpretation

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18

"Congress has the power...to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers"

are political parties necessary
ARE POLITICAL PARTIES NECESSARY?
  • Why did Washington warn against the formation of political parties?
  • What was the nature of politics parties in the late 1800s early. 1900s?
french revolution stirs america
French Revolution Stirs America
  • French Revolution begins (1789)  Reign of Terror  Napoleon
  • Democratic-Republicans favor France
  • Federalists favor Britain
french revolution stirs america1
French Revolution Stirs America
  • Washington declares neutrality (1793)
treaties
Treaties
  • Jay Treaty w/ Britain (1794-1795)
    • Britain granted some concessions

Burning In Effigy

treaties1
Treaties
  • Pinckney Treaty w/ Spain (1795)
    • Established boundaries, right of deposit @ New Orleans
presidential transition
Presidential Transition
  • Washington’s Farewell Address (1796)
    • Set trend: Isolation (also two-term tradition)
presidential transition1
Presidential Transition
  • Election of 1796
    • Adams wins, Jefferson in as Vice President  eventually to 12th Amendment

Election info

adams presidency
Adams’ Presidency
  • XYZ Affair (1797)
  • Undeclared naval warfare (1798-1800)
adams presidency1
Adams’ Presidency
  • Alien & Sedition Acts (1798)
    • Naturalization Act
    • Sedition Act (used)
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions  idea of nullification
end of the era
End of the Era
  • Federalists lost control of executive and legislative branches in election 0f 1800
  • Federalist judges remained in power – chief justice was John Marshall