Marxist Literary Theory. Marxist Literary Theory. A form of critique or discourse for interrogating all societies and their texts in terms of certain specific issues – including race, class, and the attitudes shared within a given culture. Historical Development. Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883)
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A form of critique or discourse for interrogating all societies and their texts in terms of certain specific issues – including race, class, and the attitudes shared within a given culture.
A Marxist critic may begin such an analysis by showing how an author’s text reflects his or her ideology through an examination of the fictional world’s characters, settings, society, or any other aspect of the text. The critic may then launch an investigation into …
Who or what is the dominant class?
What does the dominant class believe?
How do they impose their beliefs on others?
Show how the working class is trapped
Show how the working class is oppressed
Show how the working class can end their own oppressionHow to Use
Not me alone—
I know now—
But all the whole oppressed
White and black,
Must put their hands with mine
To shake the pillars of those temples
Wherein the false gods dwell
And worn-out altars stand
Too well defended,
And the rule of greed’s upheld—
That must be ended. —Langston Hughes