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Aguinaldo-Marcos

Aguinaldo-Marcos

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Aguinaldo-Marcos

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  1. Los Presidentes de Filipinas Gianne Itaralde and Keith Villar

  2. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy  (January 23, 1899 – April 1, 1901) • Vice President: Mariano Trias • Political Party: Independent (formerly Katipunan) • Youngest of all the presidents of the Philippines • Outlived most numbers of his successors at the age of 94 • Joined the Katipunan (KKK) in 1894 led by Andres Bonifacio • He has his own local chapter of Katipunan called Magdalo. It is headed by his cousin, Baldomero Aguinaldo

  3. Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944) • Vice President: Sergio Osmena • Political Party: Nacionalista • First president of the Senate of the Philippines (1916-1935) • Agrarian Reform • Educational Reform • Women’s Suffrage • National Language

  4. Jose Paciano Laurel y García (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945) • Vice President: None • Political Party: KALIBAPI • De Facto government • Food Shortage • Martial Law • Feb. 29, 1936: He was appointed as the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court • Hailed as one of the “Seven Wise Men of the Convention” • Shot by the Philippine guerillas while playing golf

  5. Sergio Osmenay Suico (1 August 1944 – 28 May 1946) • Vice President: vacant • Political Party: Nacionalista • Liberation of the Philippines • Commonwealth Act No. 672 • People’s Court • Bell Trade Act

  6. Manuel AcunaRoxas (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948) • Vice President: ElpidioQuirino • Political Party: Liberal • Reconstruction after the war • Huks outlawed • Controversies

  7. Elpidio Rivera Quirino (April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953) • Vice President: Fernando Lopez • Political Party: Liberal • New Capital City: Quezon City • Two main objectives of his administration • Made public a seven-point program for social security • Unemployment insurance • Old-age insurance • Accident and permanent disability insurance • Health insurance • Maternity insurance • State relief • Labor opportunity • Created the Social Security Commission

  8. Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (30 December 1953 – 17 March 1957) • Vice President: Carlos P. Garcia • Political Party: Nacionalista • He made the Philippines a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) • President’s Action Body

  9. Carlos PolisticoGarcía (March 17, 1957 – December 30, 1961) • Vice President: DiosdadoMacapagal • Political Party: Nacionalista • Filipino First Policy • Austerity Program

  10. DiosdadoPanganMacapagal (December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965) • Vice President: Emmanuel Pelaez • Political Party: Liberal • Socio-economic Program • Anti-corruption Drive • Independence Day • He savored to call himself the "Poor boy from Lubao” • Maphilindo

  11. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986) • Vice President: Fernando Lopez, Arturo Tolentino • Political Party: Nacionalista, KilusangBagongLipunan • The Gifted Child • He took Law in UP • The Marcos Administration • Martial Law

  12. Martial Law Listed below are the general orders promulgated by President Marcos following the declaration of martial law. • The President proclaimed that he shall direct the entire government, including all its agencies and instrumentalities, and exercise all powers of his office including his role as the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines • The President directed the Secretary of National Defense to arrest or cause the arrest and take into his custody the individuals named in the attached list and to hold them until otherwise so ordered by the President or by his duly designated representative, as well as to arrest or cause the arrest and take into his custody and to hold them otherwise ordered released by him or by his duly authorized representative such persons who may have committed crimes described in the Order • The President ordered that all executive departments, bureaus, offices, agencies and instrumentalities of the National Government, government owned or controlled corporations, as well all governments of all the provinces, cities, municipalities and barrios should continue to function under their present officers and employees, until otherwise ordered by the President or by his duly designated representatives. The President further ordered that the Judiciary should continue to function in accordance with its present organization and personnel, and should try to decide in accordance with existing laws all criminal and civil cases, except certain cases enumerated in the Order.

  13. Martial Law 4. The President ordered that a curfew be maintained and enforced throughout the Philippines from twelve o’clock midnight until four o’clock in the morning. 5. All rallies, demonstrations and other forms of group actions including strikes and picketing in vital industries such as in companies engaged in manufacture or processing as well as in production or processing of essential commodities or products for exports, and in companies engaged in banking of any kind, as well as in hospitals and in schools and colleges are prohibited. 6. No person shall keep, possess or carry outside of his residence any firearm unless such person is duly authorized to keep, possess or carry any such Philippines except to those who are being sent abroad in the service of the Philippines.

  14. Martial Law

  15. End