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Bio-Organic Catalyst . Revolutionary Green Chemistry . Presentation Topics:. What is Bio-Organic Catalyst? Mechanism of Action Improvement of Aeration through accelerated gas transfer - Microbubbles Breaking Down of Fats Oil’s and Grease Accelerated Ionic Interaction

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Bio-Organic Catalyst

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    1. Bio-Organic Catalyst Revolutionary Green Chemistry

    2. Presentation Topics: • What is Bio-Organic Catalyst? • Mechanism of Action • Improvement of Aeration through accelerated gas transfer - Microbubbles • Breaking Down of Fats Oil’s and Grease • Accelerated Ionic Interaction • Acceleration of biological activity • Anaerobic Digester Optimization • Sludge Reduction • Load Capacity Improvement • VOC and Odor Control

    3. What is Bio-Organic Catalyst • A Functionalized Bio-Surfactant • Formed by proprietary reaction between: • Specialty nonionic surfactants (synthetic & biological) • Natural enzyme proteins • Organic Stabilizers & Minerals • No bacteria added • Non Toxic & 100% biodegradable • Concentrated liquid product

    4. What is Bio-Organic Catalyst Amphiphilic molecule Hydrophilic Head Hydrophobic Tail

    5. Improvement of Aeration with Microbubbles Reduction in surface tension results in the creation of Microbubbles. For same volume of air pumped in, the formation of microbubbles creates a tremendous increase in surface area for biological reactions to take place.

    6. Oxygen must first move through the bubble. Then it must cross through the film holding the bubble together Normal Bubble and Gas Transfer Normal Size fine bubble (1 to 3 mm) Then it must diffuse through a dense boundary layer surrounding the bubble. Then it must pass through the film at the edge of the boundary layer.

    7. Once out of the bubble, oxygen still has to travel through the water to the bacteria. Improvement of Aeration All this must take place while the bubble rises quickly through the water.

    8. Improvement of Aeration Oxygen diffusion is enhanced because the distance from the center to the surface of the microbubble is shorter than that of a normal bubble. Also, the surface of the bubble is not a rigid film, but a loose structure that oxygen can pass easily through. Normal Bubble Microbubble

    9. Also, Microbubbles rise more slowly, allowing more time for gas transfer to occur. Improvement of Aeration Once outside the microbubble, other BOC molecules increase oxygen availability by aggregating with the bacteria and oxygen.

    10. Improvement of Aeration Kikkoman Soy Sauce Brewery • 185,000 gallons/day • 52 - week Trial • 24 ppm Bio-organic Catalyst • Six-fold increase in Dissolved Oxygen • 51% reduction in Suspended Solids • 48% reduction in BOD • Odor Elimination • Saved $1 million for expansion

    11. Acceleration of Biological Activity Amphiphilic molecule attaches to • Contaminants • Bacteria • Oxygen or other gas Microbubble

    12. Acceleration of Biological Activity Once attached to the various elements, the molecules self-organize into a loose aggregate With all the elements for a biological reaction together, reduction of the contaminant proceeds rapidly

    13. Acceleration of Biological Activity Controlled test by an Independent Laboratory * using microorganisms from Municipal Wastewater Plant 100 ppm Bio-organic Catalyst 48%increase in biodegradation in 24 hours compared to untreated control **TUV Rheinland Institute for Environmental Protection and Energy Technology

    14. Breaking down Fats, Oils and Grease (FOG) Bio-Organic Catalyst rapidly solubilize fats, grease, biofilms and slime layers, providing optimum conditions for maintaining aerobic biology.

    15. Solubilization Even a small particle of suspended organic matter is huge compared to a bacterial cell Oxygen Bacteria

    16. Solubilization BOC molecules attached to Bacteria and gases.

    17. Solubilization The BOC molecule breaks off a small piece of the organic matter

    18. Solubilization The BOC Aggregate forms

    19. Solubilization The BOC Aggregate forms.

    20. Accelerated Ionic Interaction Ionic interactions involve unlike charges. This is similar in many ways to opposite magnetic charges attracting each other.

    21. Water resistance is greater thanthe ionic attraction

    22. BOC reduces the water resistance; allowing for more Ionic Interaction Accelerated Ionic Interaction

    23. Anaerobic Digester Optimization The bio-catalytic action of BOC on the various organic components of a sludge waste stream, including the lipids, indicates that there is an accelerated release of high nutrient values to indigenous microbiological populations within the bio -digester system. This leads to a faster transition to the Methanogenesis phase, along with higher microbiological vigor, producing a more complete biological consumption of TS & TVS.

    24. Anaerobic Digester Optimization The study done by the city of Ridgewood showed a correlation to biomethane yield improvements and TS & TVS consumption rates. This 1 year study demonstrates these trend lines as optimization is reached. Distinct qualitative characteristics of sludge discharged from AD exhibited substantial odor reductions, which follows from a more complete consumption of TVS components.

    25. Anaerobic Digester Optimization As seen in the Ridgewood Case Study: • 69% increased biogas production produced an annual savings of $38,500 in NG purchases against the baseline period. • Increased biomethane yields offer potential further annual NG savings of $24,500 - $31,000 through a reduction, or elimination, of NG usage in Building Boiler. • 29.3% reduction of sludge volumes offers projected savings annually of $18,945.38. • Reduction of secondary aeration energy usage on total kWh’s used per Kg of CBOD5 has been reduced by 29.4%, for a savings of $132.67 per day, or a savings of $48,424.55 per year.

    26. Sludge Reduction Trial results from Herten-Westerholt (Ruhr Region, West Central, 40,000 PE) • 1.59 MGD, residential/industrial wastewater • Activated Sludge w/ Anaerobic Sludge Digester • 5 - week Trial • 5 ppm Bio-organic Catalyst (reduced to 2.8 ppm) • 40% reduction in aeration energy • 30% reduction in sludge • No reduction in methane production


    28. VOC and Odor Control BOC based VOC odor management systems provide the world's highest performance standards in eliminating noxious odors and hazardous VOCs. • Extremely cost effective due to the ability to be delivered through water based spray systems at high dilution levels. • BOC based systems are the next generation green chemistry, both exceptionally safe to use and able to provide accelerated bio-remediation of the toxic biological conditions which produce odors. • Used successfully in installations throughout the world to solve the toughest jobs. • Simple, flexible, and immediately effective upon contact. • Neutralizes ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbon type noxious VOC compounds in solid waste, organic compositing, and sludge treatment.

    29. VOC and Odor Control Hydrogen Sulfide Control Application • Reduce H2S gas Concentration • Reduce Odor • Reduce Corrosion • Change environment within sewer pipe

    30. Results of Hydrogen SulfideControl Case Study • Major reduction in H2S gas Concentration • Peak H2S reduced from 40 ppm to 8 ppm • Most H2S after treatment was 0 ppm • Results lasted several days after test • Low Cost installation

    31. Propylene Glycol Reduction Propylene glycol reduction with BOC’s EcoSystem Plus was tested at various temperatures and concentrations to simulate the degradation in above/underground storage tanks. • Initial propylene glycol concentration was 4.5 %, with a COD level of 3100 mg/L • Test period time: 96 Hours • Test Temperatures : 35 0F, 450F, 550F, 650F, 750F, and 850F • BOC dosage levels were : 100, 250, 500 PPM at each temperature level

    32. Propylene Glycol Reduction Propylene Glycol Reduction After 96 hours@ 450F BOC –Dosage 100 ppm BOC –Dosage 250 ppm BOC –Dosage 250 ppm

    33. Ammonia Reduction TWO MECHANISMS AT WORK: 1. Increased Biological Nitrification • Increased DO from Microbubbles Maintain conditions suitable for growth of nitrifying organisms: Nitrosomonas NH4 NO2 Nitrobacter NO2 NO3 Sufficient Ammonia and Nitrite Low BOD5 / TKN Ratio pH 7.2 to 9.0 Minimum DO of 2.0 ppm

    34. Ammonia Reduction 2. Increased Chemical Oxidation • BOC Aggregates • Ammonia Reduction with BOC Woodridge-Green Valley WWT Plant (DuPage County, IL) 150 ppm Bio-organic Catalyst Injection into Sludge Pump 1 to 2 minutes contact time 24% to 44% reduction in Ammonia Compared to untreated control

    35. Conclusion Bio-Organic Catalyst will accelerate biological processes such as those utilized in wastewater treatment. 1. Solubilizes Organic Materials • Increases bacterial food source in wastewater • Reduces volatile organics for odor control 2. Increases Aeration Efficiency • Formation of Microbubbles • Reduces energy cost • Increases biological activity • Increases treatment plant capacity 3. Increases Ionic Interactions • Increases inorganic oxidation reactions • Makes nutrients more available to bacteria 4. Activates Biomass • Rapid wastewater treatment

    36. Conclusion The results have been well documented. • 75-105% Increase in Bio-gas • 40% Energy Savings • 17% to 30% Reduction in Sludge • 17% Reduction in Polymer • Odor & F.O.G. Elimination

    37. Kevin Dolan 415-830-1507