Carl Gauss. Lived and died. 30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855.
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30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855
Sometimes referred to as the Princepsmathematicorum(Latin, "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians") and "greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. He referred to mathematics as "the queen of sciences".
1799: Doctoral dissertation on the Fundamental theorem of algebra, with the title: Demonstratio nova theorematisomnemfunctionemalgebraicamrationalemintegramuniusvariabilis in factoresrealesprimivelsecundigradusresolvi posse ("New proof of the theorem that every integral algebraic function of one variable can be resolved into real factors (i.e., polynomials) of the first or second degree")
1832: Theoriaresiduorumbiquadraticorum, Commentatio secunda. Göttingen: Comment. Soc. regiaesci, Göttingen 7. German translation by H. Maser UntersuchungenüberhöhereArithmetik (DisquisitionesArithmeticae & other papers on number theory) (Second edition). New York: Chelsea. 1965. ISBN 0-8284-0191-8, pp. 534–586 [Introduces the Gaussian integers, states (without proof) the law of biquadratic reciprocity, proves the supplementary law for 1 + i]
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