Sustainable Procurement Project Jimmy Brannigan ESD Consulting Ltd
Sustainable Procurement Project • In this session we will: • Explore our understanding of sustainable procurement • Introduce some of the drivers and barriers to sustainable procurement • Introduce the project • Research • Activities • Questions and discussion
What is sustainable purchasing? • “Sustainable purchasing is all about taking environmental and social factors into account in purchasing decisions. It’s about looking at what your products are made of, where they come from and who has made them.” • “It’s even about looking at whether you need to make the purchase at all.” Purchasing for Sustainability, Guidance for Higher Education
What is sustainable purchasing? • Looking for opportunities to reduce the negative environmental and social impacts of your purchasing choices though. • What you buy • How you buy it • Who you buy it from
Impacts of an institution Inputs Outputs • Information • Services • Products • Wastes • Suppliers • Energy • Materials • People Operations Environmental and social impacts
Current management focus Impacts and Opportunities (Environment) High Environmental Footprint Natural Resources Transportation Manufacturing Product Distribution Consumers Low Supply Chain
Current management focus Current Management Effort (Environment) High Environmental Footprint Natural Resources Transportation Manufacturing Product Distribution Consumers Low Supply Chain
Current management focus Mismatch between the two High Environmental Footprint Natural Resources Transportation Manufacturing Product Distribution Consumers Low Supply Chain
What is sustainable purchasing? • Opportunities exist at all stages of the procurement process • Identifying the need • The specification • Supplier qualification and appraisal • Tendering and tender evaluation • Contract management and contract review • Accounting
Policies and Strategies • LSC Sustainable Development Strategy • HEFCE Sustainable Development in Higher Education
The business case – why do it? Employee expectations Stakeholder demands Benchmarking Customer requirements Risk management Legislation & Standards Business efficiencies Impact Reduction (environmental)
What does it mean for universities and colleges? • Increasing pressure to become more sustainable • Increasing pressure to balance the environmental alongside the social and economic considerations • Opportunity through vast purchasing power to drive innovation
Barriers to Sustainable ProcurementNational Audit Office • Whist there is a high level of commitment to national targets; there is often a low level of understanding of the exact requirements, therefore creating an ‘implementation gap’ – the gap between policy and practice. • Even with a high level commitment in the shape of policies and specific targets, this becomes heavily diluted by the time it reaches the Procurement Departments. A lot of the sustainability issues are lost and replaced instead by ‘best value’ often easily translated to cheapest price.
Barriers to Sustainable ProcurementNational Audit Office • The link needs to be made between sustainability, efficiency and cost savings. • Procurement staff are often not trained in sustainability issues and do not understand how to achieve the targets. It is often the case that the will to procure in a sustainable manner is strong, yet the procurement teams are unable to complete the task. This often includes a basic misunderstanding of the term ‘sustainable procurement’.
Barriers to Sustainable ProcurementNational Audit Office • Lack of knowledge in this area has often resulted of the seeming lack of understanding of the role of sustainability in risk assessments.
Barriers to Sustainable ProcurementNational Audit Office • In Summary • Lack of sustainable procurement training and guidance • Poor understanding of targets and requirements • Taking a short term view.
What support is available? • DEFRA Environmental Action Fund- 3 year project • Advice on how your college or university can implement Sustainable Procurement • Training for your sustainability and purchasing team • Access to advice and copies of all guidance materials and case studies developed through the project • Reduce the impact of participating institutions (including students)
Higher Education Funding Council for England Learning and Skills Council Learning and Skills Network NUS Services Limited Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply University of Hull Office Depot FIREBUY Crescent Purchasing Consortium Southern Universities Purchasing Consortium North Eastern Universities Purchasing Group Sun Microsystems Blackpool and Fylde College Steering group
Bicton College Blackpool and Fylde College Nottingham Trent University Pershore Group of Colleges Suffolk College University of Hull University of Northampton University of the Arts London University of the West of England South Tyneside College University of Bristol University of Durham University of East London University of Gloucestershire University of Hertfordshire University of Plymouth University of Southampton Wigan and Leigh College Worcester College of Technology Project partners
Structure • Split into 3 areas • Management and policy framework • How purchasing is organised • Understanding of current practice
Management Framework • Policies 63% Environmental Policy 79% Purchasing Policy 16% Sustainable Development Policy 5% CSR Policy Some specific policies 25% Energy, 31% Recycling, 21% WLC • Individual responsibility 84% Environment 73% Environment within Purchasing
Management Framework • Management Commitment 68% Management committed • Based on what? – Commitment to this project • If not why not – cost, no resources it will cost more money etc • Environment or SD Team in place 63% Meets regularly 31% Have looked at procurement 53% Have some student involvement
How is purchasing is organised? • Central purchasing team 73% Yes • sometimes very small - 1 average around 4-5 • Devolved purchasing 89% Yes • 20 – 1000 • Purchasing guidance 89% Yes 47% Provide guidance on SD/Environmental issues
How is purchasing is organised? • Percentage of purchasing spend centrally controlled 31% below 50% 69% above 50% • Do you have responsibility for any specific purchases? 79% Yes
How is purchasing is organised? • Have you been trained on sustainable purchasing? 20 people from 19 institutions (12 from one institution!)
How is purchasing is organised? • Are you a member of a purchasing consortium? 94% Yes 79% Said the consortium has env / soc policies in place • Confusion as to how this has influenced specific commodities
Current practice • Do you include environmental and social considerations in any of your purchasing decisions 89% Yes • Have you used a risk based approach? 10% Yes 26% Said students had influenced purchasing decisions
Current practice • Supplier engagement 42% Engage with suppliers on environmental and social issues 47% Use some form of questionnaire
Summary • Some good practice • Lots of activity in a variety of places • Opportunities to share between institutions • Lack of general awareness • Environmental focus rather than sustainability or CSR • Challenge of devolved purchasers
Current Activities • Guidance being developed on: • Developing a business case • Using cross functional teams • Risk based approach to procurement
Current Activities • Training has been developed: • Train the trainer – communicating sustainable procurement • Risk based approaches to procurement • Developing a sustainable procurement policy and strategy • Supplier engagement for sustainability • Social issue in the supply chain
Questions email@example.com www.eauc.org.uk