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  1. Class Name,Instructor Name Date, Semester Criminology 2011 Chapter 1 CRIMINOLOGY AND THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

  2. CHAPTER OBJECTIVES Be familiar with the sociological perspective and understand the mutual relevance of sociology and criminology. 1.1 1.2 Be able to trace the rise of sociological criminology. Understand the relationship between crime, deviance, and criminal law. 1.3 Understand how consensus and conflict perspectives contribute to different definitions of crime and our understanding of criminal law. 1.4 • Be able to provide an overview of criminal law, including the goals of criminal law, legal distinctions in types of crimes, the meaning of criminal intent, and legal defenses to criminal liability. 1.5 Be familiar with the various types of research methods in criminology 1.6

  3. Be familiar with the sociological perspective and understand the mutual relevance of sociology and criminology. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.1

  4. 1.1 Crime is a Social Phenomenon Victims Criminals

  5. Be able to trace the rise of sociological criminology. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.2

  6. 1.1 The Rise of Sociological Criminology Adolphe Quetelet Emile Durkeim W.E.B. DuBois Robert K. Merton Edwin Sutherland

  7. Understand the relationship between crime, deviance, and criminal law. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.3

  8. 1.3 Crime Deviance Delinquency 8

  9. 1.3 Criminal Deviant

  10. Understand how consensus and conflict perspectives contribute to different definitions of crime and our understanding of criminal law. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.4

  11. 1.4 What is Criminal? Conflict Perspective Consensus Perspective

  12. Be able to provide an overview of criminal law, including the goals of criminal law, legal distinctions in types of crimes, the meaning of criminal intent, and legal defenses to criminal liability. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.5

  13. 1.5 Criminal Law Goals Prevent and Control Crime Articulate Society’s Moral Values Protect Rights and Freedoms

  14. 1.5 Mala in Se Mala Prohibita

  15. 1.5 Felony 15

  16. 1.5 Misdemeanor 16

  17. 1.5 Actus Reus Omission Commission

  18. 1.5 Mens Rea Purposeful Knowing Reckless Criminal Negligence

  19. 1.5 Concurrence Actus Reus Mens Rea 19

  20. 1.5 ≠ Motive Mens Rea Purposeful/Knowing Reckless/Negligent 20

  21. Legal Defenses to Criminal Liability • Ignorance • Duress • Self-Defense • Entrapment • Insanity Accident or Mistake

  22. Be familiar with the various types of research methods in criminology. Learning Objectives After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcomes 1.6

  23. 1.6 vs. Qualitative Quantitative 23

  24. 1.6 • Surveys Experiments • Observingand Intensive Interviewing • Research Using Existing Data • Comparative and Historical Research Strategies of Criminological Research 24

  25. CHAPTER SUMMARY Be familiar with the sociological perspective and understand the mutual relevance of sociology and criminology. 1.1 1.2 Be able to trace the rise of sociological criminology. Understand the relationship between crime, deviance, and criminal law. 1.3 Understand how consensus and conflict perspectives contribute to different definitions of crime and our understanding of criminal law. 1.4 • Be able to provide an overview of criminal law, including the goals of criminal law, legal distinctions in types of crimes, the meaning of criminal intent, and legal defenses to criminal liability. 1.5 Be familiar with the various types of research methods in criminology 1.6