GAINING FROM MIGRATION: CASE STUDY ON GREECE. PART I Presented by: Jennifer Cavounidis MIGRATION TRENDS MIGRANT EMPLOYMENT POLICIES. MIGRATION TRENDS. Abrupt increase of immigration from end of 1980’s. Sources - Most important source countries:
Presented by: Jennifer Cavounidis
- Most important source countries:
Albania accounts for 58% of all foreigners,
- Collapsed socialist regimes account for 75% of all foreigners.
Transition economies- development implications
Albanians vs. Bulgarians, Georgians, Romanians, Russians, Ukrainians.
Contrary to the case in most EU countries, economic activity and employment rates of migrants are higher than those of natives while their unemployment rates are slightly lower.
Employment in the informal sector is not exclusive to migrants but they face greater difficulties in accessing formal employment than natives.
Legal channels for migration remain narrow, with unauthorised migration remaining substantial.
Three programmes to date.
Important implications for integration: greater incentives for migrants to invest time and effort in integration and especially country-specific skills such as language acquisition.