Language as a Barrier to Learning….. Figuring out how schools can provide an appropriate education for culturally and linguistically diverse children Video Clip: If the World Were a Village of 100 People
What is LEP and ELL? • Limited English Proficient (LEP) students and/or English Language Learners (ELLs). • Students in public schools who do not speak English or whose native language is not English (Hispanic, Asian, • AND who currently cannot perform ordinary classroom work in English. • Must be tested to determine whether a student is considered LEP (NMELPA). • Currently in America, the ELL/LEP population continues to increase more rapidly than that of native English speaking students (Shore, 2001).
What’s the issue? • There is an increase in immigration to the US and ELL students are mainstreamed into subject & grade level classes. • Achievement data suggest that ELL/LEP students lag far behind their peers. • Nationwide, only 7% of LEP students scored "at or above proficient" in reading on the 2003 fourth grade National Assessment of Educational Progress, compared to about 30 % percent of students overall. • Language minority populations have a high drop out rate are considered an “at risk” population faced with a wide range of challenges. • NCLB requires that ELL/LEP students receive instruction that is specifically designed to assist them both in: • learning English and • in learning subject matter content.
There are two main methods of educating LEP/ELL students: • Bilingual education: teaches ELL students all or part of their subjects in their native language and in English. • English immersion: provides instruction in English only. • Variations of both immersion and bilingual education also exist.
Bilingual Education Pro’s / Beliefs: Con’s: Some believe that when students can learn content in their native language, they will learn faster and will also learn to speak English faster. It is important for ELL students to become literate (read, write, listen, speak) in their native languages. People who are bi-literate will fare better in a global world. It allows ELL students to maintain cultural identity, don’t have to “choose” one language or culture over another. keeps students in a cycle of native-language dependency that ultimately inhibits significant progress in English-language acquisition. does not expose them to enough English to become proficient quickly. Takes 6 mos. To become socially fluent, 7-9 years to become academically proficient in a language. Some feel that it leads to segregation of non-English-speaking students. “Us vs. Them” mentality. shortage of teachers who are qualified to teach using the primary language of many students.
English Immersion Education Pro’s / Beliefs: Con’s Students will assimilate the culture and the language faster(provided teachers are using sheltered instruction). Controversy VIDEO CLIP During the time the child is struggling to learn a new language he/she may be falling behind other children in other academic areas. Lose motivation to learn. shortage of teachers who are qualified to teach immersion programs.
Other Options.. • Two-Way Bilingual Immersion: Students are taught in two languages; both their native language and English. "Two-way bilingual immersion programs that follow the 90-10 models begin by immersing students in instruction through the non-English language. As children progress through the program, the amount of English language instruction is increased until the two languages are equal in the delivery of instruction • SPANISH IMMERSION VIDEO CLIP…
Options for Teachers • TESOL endorsement: Teacher of English to Speakers of Other Languages – this provides training & strategies to teachers of ELL students that ensure their success. • Certified ESL/Bilingual teacher: • LEP trainings/coursework: provides a BASIC understanding of the needs of ELL students and strategies to help facilitate learning and meet their needs. • Modifications teachers can make: • Speak and a slower rate • Enunciate clearly • Allow use of bilingual dictionaries • Extra time for completion of work, tests & quizzes • Peer tutoring & group work`