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Session VIII: FERPA, Child abuse; 504; Foster & Homeless Youth. CED614 Harvey Hoyo , Ed.D. National University- Costa Mesa. Think, Pair, Share #1. What are the basic elements of FERPA?. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. Privacy of Student’s Educational Records.

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session viii ferpa child abuse 504 foster homeless youth

Session VIII: FERPA, Child abuse;504; Foster & Homeless Youth


Harvey Hoyo, Ed.D.

National University- Costa Mesa

think pair share 1

Think, Pair, Share#1

What are the basic elements of FERPA?

family educational rights and privacy act of 1974

Family Educational Rights andPrivacy Act of 1974

Privacy of Student’s Educational Records

● Applies to all educational agencies or

institutions that receive funds under

any program administered by the

Secretary of Education

● Enforced by the Family Policy

Compliance Office of the U.S.

Department of Education

ferpa s directory information
FERPA’s Directory Information
  • Directory Information can be released to authorized groups
think pair share 2

Think, Pair, Share#2

You need to file a child abuse report. Your Principal wants to call the parents in and talk to them about better approaches to discipline. What can you say to make your Principal feel heard and supported, and yet at the same time meet your statutory obligations?


section vii part ii child abuse


Responsibilities and Reporting Procedures

School Counselors are mandated reporters

primary target zone


Most NORMAL injuries occur on the front of the body.

Primary target zone for abuse is the back, the elbows and knees, also includes the face, hands & wrists.

background child abuse

Background: CHILD ABUSE



3 out of 4 child slayings in industrialized world occur in USA

1 out of 3 girls are sexually abused before they reach age 18

1 out of 5 boys will be sexually abused before they reach age 18

physical abuse


Non-accidental injury of a child that leaves marks, scars, bruises, or broken bones.

Behavior indicators:

Aggressive or withdrawn

Afraid to go home



Layered clothing



Failure to provide needed, age appropriate care. (food, clothing, shelter, protection from harm, supervision appropriate to the child’s development, hygiene, and medical care)

Behavior indicators:


Poor hygiene

Excessive sleepiness

Lack of appropriate supervision

Unattended physical problems or medical needs


Inappropriate clothing for weather conditions

emotional abuse


Rejecting, terrorizing, berating, ignoring, and isolating, that is likely to cause serious impairment of the physical, social, mental, or emotional capacities of the child.

Behavior indicators:

Failure to thrive

Speech disorders

Lags in physical development

Habit disorders, conduct disorders

Sleep disorders or inhibition of play

Aggressive or passive

sexual abuse


Fondling, sexual intercourse, assault, rape, date rape, incest, child prostitution, exposure and pornography

Behavior indicators:

Inappropriate sexual knowledge

Abrupt change in personality


Poor peer relationships

Promiscuous behavior/seductive behavior

Sleep disturbances

Regressive behavior

sexual abuse1

Sexual Abuse

If a minor engages in “lewd and lascivious acts” with an older or younger partner, is a report required?

(National Center for Youth Law )

sexual abuse2

Sexual Abuse

Are there other situations in which sexual intercourse must be reported?

(National Center for Youth Law)

the law duty to warn protect
THE LAW: Duty to Warn & Protect
  • Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act, Title IV, Chapter 1444 of the California Statutes of 1987.

P.C. Section 11165.6 of the Penal Code mandates licensed PPS to report suspected incidents of Child Abuse or Child Neglect within 36 hrs

  • Failure to make a report is punishable by a fine, jail time, loss of credential, or all three
the law education code ec 49602

The LawEducation Code: EC 49602:

Any information of a personal nature disclosed by a pupil 12 years of age or older in the process of receiving counseling from a school counselor is confidential.

Any information of a personal nature disclosed to a school counselor by a parent or guardian of a pupil who is 12 years of age or older and who is in the process of receiving counseling from a school counselor is confidential.

The information shall not become part of the pupil record, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 49061, without the written consent of the person who disclosed the confidential information

think pair share 3 question

Think, Pair, Share# 3Question?

As a counselor in the State of California do you have a right to refuse to take a survey or submit an evaluation conducted by your school district involving:

Personal values, attitudes, & beliefs

Sexual Orientation

Political affiliations or opinions

Critical appraisals of others in your family

Religious affiliations or beliefs

think pair share 4

Think, Pair, Share:#4

Write three things you know about 504?

section 504 of the rehabilitation act of 1973

Section 504 of the rehabilitation act of 1973

No otherwise qualified individual with a disability...shall, solely by reason of his or her disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."

504 procedural safeguards

504: Procedural Safeguards

Identification, evaluation, or placement decisions may be appealed by submission of a written request

After mediation or impartial hearing, a written decision must be provided to person making the appeal

504 discrimination harassment


The District will promptly investigate all claims of disability-based discrimination/harassment and take reasonable actions to stop future recurrence