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PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS). frazni ali večbesedni glagoli. MEANING. LITERAL (DOBESEDEN), examples: look up = pogledati gor look down = pogledati dol pick up = pobrati take off = odstraniti, dati stran IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

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phrasal verbs multi word verbs

PHRASAL VERBS(MULTI-WORD VERBS)

frazni ali večbesedni glagoli

meaning
MEANING
  • LITERAL (DOBESEDEN),

examples: look up = pogledati gor

look down = pogledati dol

pick up = pobrati

take off = odstraniti, dati stran

  • IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

examples: look up = poiskati informacijo v

look down on = zaničevati

pick up = mimogrede se naučiti

take off = vzleteti

types
TYPES
  • VERB + ADVERB: (neprehoden tip)

take off, be off, look out, fall out, go on

ex. The plane took off at noon.

Look out! The car is going to hit

you

slide4
2. VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (prehoden, ločljiv – separable): take sth off, look sth up, pick sth up, take sb out

ex: Take your shoes off = Take off your shoes. BUT: Take them off.

slide5

3. VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (prehoden, neločljiv): look after sb/ sth, come across sb/ sth, look for sb/ sth,

ex: Will you look after the baby/ after her.

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4. VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT: look forward to sth,put up with sb/ sth, look up to sb, look down on sb

I really look forward to going on holidays.

examples
examples
  • Break down: 1. stop working (cars …)

2. lose control of feelings

(people)

  • Break into: 1. enter by force

2. start doing sth suddenly

(laughter)

  • Break out: 1.begin suddenly (wars, fires,

diseases)

2. escape from a place

  • Break up: stop (a relationship)
slide8
Bring about: cause to happen
  • Bring sth out: publish
  • Bring sb round: 1. cause to regain

consciousness

2. persuade

  • Bring sb up: raise a child

bring sth up: vomit (food)

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Carry on (with): continue
  • Carry sth out: do, complete sth
  • Fall behind: fail to keep up with
  • Fall out: quarrel
  • Hold sth back: control oneself, crowds …
  • Hold on: wait (esp on the telephone)
  • Hold sb/ sth up: delay (the traffic held me up
slide10
Get away : escape
  • Get on: 1. make progress (also get along)

2. enter a bus, train (opp: get off)

  • Get on with: have friendly relationship with
  • Get through: 1. reach by telephone

2. manage to finish sth

slide11
Give sb/ sth away: 1. reveal sth/ betray sb

2. give sth free of charge

  • Give sth back: return
  • Give sth off: emit (a smell)
  • Give out: come to an end (food)
  • Give sth up: stop doing sth (a habit, sport)
  • Give oneself up: surrender, give in
slide12
Go away: leave
  • Go in for: enter a competition, exam
  • Go on: continue, happen
  • Go round: be enough for everyone
  • Go through sth: examine in detail
  • Call in: visit briefly
  • Call off: cancel
  • Call out: 1. shout; 2. send for help
slide13
Look after sb/sth: take care of sb/sth
  • Look for sb/sth: search for
  • Look forward to sb/sth: anticipate with pleasure
  • Look into sth: investigate
  • Look out (for): watch for
  • Look through sth: examine quickly
  • Look sth up: look for an address, name, word
slide14
Make sth of sb/sth: understand the nature or meaning of sb or sth
  • Make sth up: 1. invent

2. put cosmetics on

3. end a quarrel

  • Make up for sth: compensate
  • Make up one’s mind: decide
slide15
Put sth away: put in a box, drawer …
  • Put sth down: write down
  • Put sth forward: propose
  • Put sth off: postpone
  • Put sb off: cause to lose interest in sth
  • Put sth on: 1. dress oneself

2. increase in weight

3. make sth to begin to play

  • Put sth out: extinguish (fire, cigarette)
  • Put sb through: connect by phone
  • Put sb up: provide a place to stay
slide16
Run across sth: find by chance
  • Run after sb: chase
  • Run away: escape, get away by running
  • Run sb/sth down: 1. knock down by a

vehicle

2. say bad things about

sb, criticise

  • run into sb/ sth: 1. meet by chance

2. collide with

  • run out of: reach the end of (a supply money, food)
slide17
Set off: start a journey, set out
  • Set sth up: start a business, erect
  • Stand by sb: support sb, esp in a difficult

situation

  • Stand for sth: represent
  • Stand in for sb: replace sb temporarily
  • Stand up: rise to one’s feet
  • Stand up to: defend oneself
slide18
Take after sb: look like sb
  • Take sth away: remove
  • Take sth down: write down
  • Take sth off: remove (clothes)
  • Take off: leave the ground, rise quickly
  • Take sb out: take sb to a restaurant
  • Take sth over: take control of sth
  • Take sth up: begin a hobby, sport, job
slide19
Turn sb down: refuse an offer
  • Turn sth down: reduce the volume, heat
  • Turn sth on: switch sth on (lights, radio) opp: turn sth off
  • Turn to sb: go to sb for help
  • Turn up: arrive
  • Turn sth up: increase the volume
  • Turn sth out: produce sth