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Benchmark Review- #2. Spring 2014. Reread Excerpt from My Uncle Jules . p. 4. 14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey?. They were poor but decided they should to anyway. They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding.

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14 what is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to jersey
14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey?
  • They were poor but decided they should to anyway.
  • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding.
  • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter.
  • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.
different types of irony
Different Types of Irony
  • Irony is the broadest class of figures of thought that depend on presenting a deliberate contrast between two levels of meaning.
  • Dramatic Irony: the audience knows something the characters do not
  • Verbal Irony: implying a meaning different from the one that is explicitly stated (sarcasm)
  • Situational Irony:
14 what is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to jersey1
14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey?
  • They were poor but decided they should to anyway.
  • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding.
  • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter.
  • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.
14 what is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to jersey2
14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey?
  • They were poor but decided they should to anyway.
  • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding.
  • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter.
  • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.
15 which quote best demonstrates maupassant s use of sensory language
15. Which quote best*demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language?
  • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…”
  • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…”
  • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a fine handkerchief and advancing their mouths…”
  • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…”

**ALWAYS pay attention to the use of best

what is sensory language
What is sensory language?

The use of detail of the five senses to add color and depth in writing.

Sensory Words

15 which quote best demonstrates maupassant s use of sensory language1
15. Which quote best demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language?
  • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…”
  • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…”
  • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a handkerchief and advancing their mouths…fine ”
  • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…”
15 which quote best demonstrates maupassant s use of sensory language2
15. Which quote best demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language?
  • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…”
  • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…”
  • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a fine handkerchief and advancing their mouths…”
  • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…”
16 in paragraph 19 what is the meaning of the word rogue
16. In paragraph 19, what is the meaning of the word *rogue?
  • Beggar
  • Thief
  • Scoundrel
  • Fisherman

*ALWAYS go back and find the word in the passage!

definition clues
Definition Clues
  • Writers define a word right after they use it
  • They use words and phrases such as:
    • Means
    • Is
    • Refers to
    • Are called
example of definition clues
Example of Definition Clues

Coronarefers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere.

Signal word Definition

synonym clues
Synonym Clues

Writers provide a synonym or brief phrase to define the word or one that is similar to the new word.

The synonym can appear in the same sentence, in an earlier sentence, or later sentence.

example of synonym clues
Example of Synonym Clues

Betsy took a break from teaching to serve in the Peace Corps. Despite the hiatus, Betsy’s school was delighted to hire her when she returned.

Synonym

example clues
Example Clues
  • Writers often include examples to help explain a word.
  • Examples can be introduced with words such as:
    • Like
    • Such as
    • For example
    • Including
example of example clues
Example of Example Clues

In the past month, we have had almost every type of precipitation, includingrain, snow, sleet, and hail.

Signal word Examples

contrast clues
Contrast Clues
  • You can determine the meaning of an unknown word from an antonym—a word or phrase that has the opposite meaning.
  • Contrasts can be introduced with words such as:
    • But
    • Though
    • Whereas
example of contrast clues
Example of Contrast Clues

Although Liz felt sad and depressed, most of the graduates were elated.

Signal Word Antonym

inference clues
Inference Clues

Inference is used to figure out the meaning of an unknown word by using logic and reasoning skills.

Itis like asking yourself, “What is the author trying to say?”

example of inference clues
Example of Inference Clues

On hot, humid summer afternoons, I often feel languid.

Hot summer afternoons

drain energy and make people lazy

Inference clues

19 in paragraph 1 what is the effect of the author s use of the word boundaries
19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries?
  • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges
  • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success
  • To describe the way the author felt about her life
  • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage
19 in paragraph 1 what is the effect of the author s use of the word boundaries1
19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries?
  • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges
  • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success
  • To describe the way the author felt about her life
  • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage
19 in paragraph 1 what is the effect of the author s use of the word boundaries2
19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries?
  • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges
  • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success
  • To describe the way the author felt about her life
  • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage
27 in paragraph 2 what is the meaning of the word solicitation
27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation?
  • Peacefulness
  • Request
  • Sorrow
  • Hostility
27 in paragraph 2 what is the meaning of the word solicitation1
27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation?
  • Peacefulness
  • Request
  • Sorrow
  • Hostility
27 in paragraph 2 what is the meaning of the word solicitation2
27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation?
  • Peacefulness
  • Request
  • Sorrow
  • Hostility
28 what is the best statement of the central argument of the speech
28. What is the best statement of the central argument of the speech?
  • The US was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the Empire of Japan.
  • The US can be confident in the might of its armed forces and its determination
  • The attack by Japan should be considered the beginning of a state of war
  • The people of the US have already formed opinions about the attack.
how do you find the central argument
How do you find the central argument?

Look for the claim (thesis) of the argument. This can be at the beginning or end of the speech and sometimes it is implied while other times it is explicitly stated.

Argument breakdown:

- claim

- warrants

- impact.

pathos emotional appeal
PATHOS: Emotional Appeal
  • Stir emotions
  • Speak to readers’ hearts
  • Remind you of deeply held values
which type of appeal is being used
Which type of appeal is being used?

President Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springboks cap and shirt, presents the Rugby World Cup to South African captain FranciosPienaar in June 1995

Post- Apartheid

ethos ethical appeal
ETHOS: Ethical Appeal
  • Support the writer’s character, credibility and goodwill
logos logical appeal
LOGOS: Logical Appeal
  • Use facts and evidence
  • Viewed as especially trustworthy
practice with argumentation
PRACTICE with Argumentation
  • Read “The Gettysburg Address” and answer questions
28 what is the best statement of the central argument of the speech1
28. What is the best statement of the central argument of the speech?
  • The US was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the Empire of Japan.
  • The US can be confident in the might of its armed forces and its determination
  • The attack by Japan should be considered the beginning of a state of war
  • The people of the US have already formed opinions about the attack.
28 what is the best statement of the central argument of the speech2
28. What is the best statement of the central argument of the speech?
  • The US was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the Empire of Japan.
  • The US can be confident in the might of its armed forces and its determination
  • The attack by Japan should be considered the beginning of a state of war
  • The people of the US have already formed opinions about the attack.
29 what evidence supports your answer to question 28
29. What evidence supports your answer to Question 28?
  • “…Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu…”
  • “… No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion…”
  • “…with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph…”
  • “…formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation…”
29 what evidence supports your answer to question 281
29. What evidence supports your answer to Question 28?
  • “…Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu…”
  • “… No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion…”
  • “…with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph…”
  • “…formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation…”
29 what evidence supports your answer to question 282
29. What evidence supports your answer to Question 28?
  • “…Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu…”
  • “… No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion…”
  • “…with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph…”
  • “…formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation…”
32 in paragraph 15 what is the meaning of the word treachery
32. In paragraph 15, what is the meaning of the word treachery?
  • Defense
  • Warfare
  • Premeditation
  • Duplicity
32 in paragraph 15 what is the meaning of the word treachery1
32. In paragraph 15, what is the meaning of the word treachery?
  • Defense
  • Warfare
  • Premeditation
  • Duplicity
32 in paragraph 15 what is the meaning of the word treachery2
32. In paragraph 15, what is the meaning of the word treachery?
  • Defense
  • Warfare
  • Premeditation
  • Duplicity
slide60

1st Person: I, me, my *unreliable narrator?

  • 2nd Person: you, your, our, us, we
  • 3rd Person: he, she, it, they
    • 3rd Person OBJECTIVE: narrator only knows what he/she has seen or heard
    • 3rd Person LIMITED: narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of only one person
    • 3rd Person OMNISCIENT: narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of every character
extending literary terms

Extending Literary Terms

Review for the EOCT

and the Common Exam

slide62
“Her father had inherited that temper; and at times, like antelope fleeing before fire on the slope, his people fled from his red rages.”

This selection contains a:

  • Metaphor
  • Oxymoron
  • Simile
  • Conflict
slide63
“Her father had inherited that temper; and at times, like antelope fleeing before fire on the slope, his people fled from his red rages.”

How does the simile in this passage develop the character of the father?

all the world s a stage and men and women merely players
“All the world’s a stage and men and women merely players.”

This selection contains a:

  • Metaphor
  • Oxymoron
  • Simile
  • Conflict
all the world s a stage and men and women merely players1
“All the world’s a stage and men and women merely players.”

What theme can you infer from this metaphor?

slide66

'O brawling love! O loving hate! . . .O heavy lightness! serious vanity!Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.'

This selection contains a(n):

  • Metaphor
  • Oxymoron
  • Simile
  • Allegory
slide67

'O brawling love! O loving hate! . . .O heavy lightness! serious vanity!Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.'

How do these oxymorons describe the conflict in Romeo and Juliet?

atticus was feeble he was nearly fifty
"Atticus was feeble: he was nearly fifty."

What can you infer about the speaker of this sentence from its tone?