Week 11 Goals: Interpretive Communities Argumentative writing Essay #2 due today/ tomorrow via e-portfolio
Warm-up Alligator River: an exercise in interpretive communities
Interpretive Communities interpretive communities influence the way we think. Often, we are unaware of how an interpretive community changes our thinking everyday. People within an interpretive community should interpret a situation similarly, while there may still be disagreement on interpretations between interpretive communities. According to Stanley Fish, an interpretive community is a "point of view or way of organizing experience that share[s] individuals" (Naturally 141). Therefore, it is possible to belong to hundreds of interpretive communities at the same time.
Interpretive Communities • Readers are not blank slates • Readers come with complex ideas already formed • Readers interpret the same information differently based on many factors: • Experiences • Gender • Race • Nationality • Location • Religion • Sports? • Job • marital status/parenting status • Interests
Interpretive Communities List all the interpretive communities you belong to. Star the ones that you think heavily impact your way of looking at the world. • Woman* • Sister, daughter, aunt • White* • Midwest • East Coast transplant • Blue-collar background • American • Liberal* • educator* [community college, university, private business) • Lower-middle class* • Former nanny (children/law)
Interpretive Communities Sylvia Plath “Metaphors” I'm a riddle in nine syllables. An elephant, a ponderous house, A melon strolling on two tendrils. O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers! This loaf's big with its yeasty rising. Money's new-minted in this fat purse. I'm a means, a stage, a cow in calf. I've eaten a bag of green apples, Boarded this train there’s no getting off.
Interpretive Communities My Papa's Waltz Theodore Roethke The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself. The hand that held my wrist Was battered on one knuckle; At every step you missed My right ear scraped a buckle. You beat time on my head With a palm caked hard by dirt, Then waltzed me off to bed Still clinging to your shirt.
Interpretive Communities • Why do interpretive communities matter? • Shape our interactions with people • Shape our understanding of everything we encounter (including what we read) • Shape how we write because writing is a result of reading
Argumentative writing • Claim • “Universities should be free” • Reason • because…“______________________” • Evidence: use research • “____________________________” • Facts, statistics, anecdotes, quotes
Argumentative Writing • Objection: acknowledging your audience’s view • ______________________________ • Concession: acknowledging challenges to your reasoning or evidence. • ______________________________ • Appeal: how to reach your audience
Appealing to your Audience Types of appeal • Logical • Emotional • Ethical
Audience • “Your success in writing a position paper depends to a large extent on identifying your intended audience and determining what its constituents are likely to know, believe and value.” • Why? Audience determines our appeal method. • How can we determine the audience? • The New York Times • Boston Globe
Audience Determine the best appeal for each audience and claim (you can use more than one appeal): Americans/Don’t eat meat Professor/Deserve an A in the course (not B+) Boyfriend-Girlfriend/Let’s move in together Boss/You want a raise
Where to find topical argumentative writing NPR.org Nytimes.com Time.com Newyorker.com Boston Globe – use newspaper, $ to read online
Homework Pre-writing 3.1 • Read many examples of opinion pieces. Write a couple paragraphs that identify and explain: • the claim, the reason, evidence • the intended audience • type of appeal (logical, emotional, ethical) • Look in magazines and online newspapers • Find something that is related to your major or at least interests you.