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Dark Romantic (1800-1860). Ashley Poole Michael Easterwood Daniel Raubolt. Dark Romantic History. History has always made a strong connection to literary works of the time.

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dark romantic 1800 1860

Dark Romantic(1800-1860)

Ashley Poole

Michael Easterwood

Daniel Raubolt

dark romantic history
Dark Romantic History
  • History has always made a strong connection to literary works of the time.
  • Historical events and what is going in the world and the specific author’s life effects the themes and tone of the pieces produced.
  • Many short stories, poems, novels-expressing emotion
  • Spiritual and emotional views, literary elements expressing insight and thought in emotion
  • Dark works, torment, human psyche, inner feelings
  • Problems in US gave depressing inspiration to writers
  • In the early 1800’s, 900,000 of the 1 million African Americans living in the United States are enslaved.
  • Slaves were owned by plantation farmers
  • Were whipped, beaten, mistreated
  • Paid nothing, worked every day
  • North and South argued about slave rights, and free states/slave states
  • Abolitionist group arose around the 1820’s
westward expansion
Westward Expansion
  • The Louis and Clark expedition in 1804
  • began westward expansion in the United States
  • Taking almost two years to explore, the expedition led to endless possibilities for American boundaries
  • The Louisiana Purchase literally doubled the size of the United States
  • Jefferson bought the land between the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, stretching fro the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border
  • Overnight, the United States boundaries expanded by nearly one million square miles
industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution
  • Industrialization changed the way that many Americans lived their lives
  • Large scale production took home manufacturing out of the lifestyle of Americans
  • They were usually paid low wages and worked 12 or more hour days
  • This lead to many problems such as child labor and horrible living conditions
  • Many injuries and disfigurations associated with factories
  • Many Americans lived in these poor conditions while the Industrial Revolution was taking place in America
edgar allan poe 1809 1849
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)
  • Poe was born in 1809 in Boston, MA
  • His father left shortly after his birth. A year later, his mother died
  • Poe lived with the Allans after his own family died
  • He attended the University of Virginia
  • Poe also joined the army and the US Military Academy at West Point
  • He married his cousin Virginia in 1835. She died in 1847 at the age of 24
  • Died at the age of 40 in 1849
poe 2
  • Poe worked as a magazine editor
  • He wrote a few volumes of poetry and one novel (The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym)
  • Poe’s most famous poem was “The Raven”, published in 1845
  • Poe couldn’t get out of poverty and he twice suffered from depression and madness
  • Poe is credited with inventing the detective story
  • Remembered for using imagery and sound effects and showing different sides of human nature
nathaniel hawthorne 1804 1864
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)
  • Born in 1804 in Salem, MA
  • His father died in 1808, so he lived with his mother and sisters
  • Descendant of a Salem witchcraft trial judge and a judge who persecuted Quakers
  • Graduated from Maine’s Bowdoin College in 1825
  • Died in 1864
hawthorne 2
  • He wrote his most famous book, The Scarlet Letter, in 1850
  • It was about the sin and guilt among early Puritans in Massachusetts
  • Hawthorne’s writing was shaped by the sense of inherited guilt he had about being related to the judges
  • He showed a gloomy vision of human affairs
  • He wrote many short stories and three other major novels
herman melville 1819 1891
Herman Melville (1819-1891)
  • Born in New York City in 1819 to a wealthy merchant
  • His dad’s business failed and then his dad died in 1832, so Melville had to work as a child to support the family
  • Spent several years working on whaling ships
  • Briefly served in the Navy
  • Melville died in 1891
melvile 2
  • His first two books were popular, but the next few he made weren’t
  • In 1851, Melville published his most famous book, Moby Dick (called The Whale)
  • It had many layers of meaning
  • The book was criticized and considered a failure during his lifetime
  • Melville’s works became valued among scholars during the 1920’s
  • Worked for long hours for nothing
  • Owned by the plantation master
  • Beaten and whipped often
  • Sang folk songs and told stories to deal with problems
  • Lived on cotton and tobacco plantations
  • Child labor, many hours, low pay, dangerous conditions
  • Filthy streets, cities, and rivers from waste
  • Large increase of products made
  • Gloomy ambiance presented by the factories
  • Early type writer invented in 1821
  • Christopher Sholes
  • Very important in the everyday work life
  • Was the “early computer”
  • Made writing documents, stories or articles much easier and efficient
Indian removal due to expansion
  • Trail of tears- Indians forced off land
  • Endured whole winters, little or no food
  • Thousands of deaths
  • White settlers discovered gold on Cherokee land
  • Occurred close to a year-long and depressing
Westward expansion
  • Louisiana Purchase-doubled size of the United States.
  • Cost $15,000,000 bought from France
  • Many Americans moving west for land and opportunity
  • Exploring the unknown, navigation of the Mississippi River
Cultural battles
  • Tensions between North and South rise
  • North wants industry, no slavery, change
  • South wants farming, slaves, no change
  • Dispute between free and slave states
  • Void formed between lifestyles
high regard for inner feeling and emotion
High Regard for Inner Feeling and Emotion
  • Writers change style from earlier American writers
  • Embody emotion into writing
  • Valued intuition over logic and reasoning
  • Intense emotions such as love, hate, passion, fury
  • Authors write more with their heart than their head
truth and happiness not always found in life
Truth and Happiness Not Always Found in Life
  • Don’t believe that humans are perfect
  • prone to sin and self-destruction, they do not always have divinity and wisdom
  • the natural world is dark, decaying, and mysterious
  • bad things can and will happen resulting in an unhappy life
  • negative (semi-realistic) viewpoint
  • Disappointment and troubles in history lead to this conclusion in writing
inner workings and dark side of human psyche
Inner workings (and dark side) of human psyche
  • The authors explored the complexities of people’s thought processes
  • Focused on how humans have a dark side to their thoughts and feelings, in contrast to Transcendalism
  • The Raven details a man’s thoughts after losing his lover
  • The Tell-Tale Heart tells of a murderer insisting he isn’t insane
dark or macabre incidents
Dark or macabre incidents
  • Writings acknowledged that bad things do happen
  • These events can cause people to drastically change emotionally and become compulsive or obsessive
  • In Moby-Dick, Captain Ahab is injured and later killed by the whale
  • Poe’s writing was influenced by the deaths of his family members
torment psychological or physical
Torment- Psychological or Physical
  • Pain and suffering in both mind and body
  • Writings consisted of anguish and suffering
  • Events such as war and pain in the world led to writings
  • Push human limits beyond comfort
  • Many works consisted of torture to mind and body
  • Evil and its doings
human nature as a mix of both good and evil
Human Nature as a Mix of Both Good and Evil
  • Good and evil happenings
  • How the human mindset can change and be affected
  • If one seems good, might not always be so
  • All good has evil, all evil has good
  • Multiple intentions
  • Corruption and holiness

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Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes: The American Experience. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. page numbers.

"Quirino, Elpidio." World Book Online Reference Center. August 19. 2008 <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar742910>.

"Timeline: 1800-1860 The Triumph of nationalism and the Nation Dividing". National Humanities Center. August 18, 2008 <http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/triumphnationalism/timeline.pdf>.

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