Comprehending complex texts
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Comprehending Complex Texts. Introductory Unit: What Lies Ahead?. What is a complex text?. A text that contains: Challenging vocabulary Long, complex sentences Figurative language Multiple levels of meaning Unfamiliar settings or locations. Multidraft Reading Chart.

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Comprehending complex texts

Comprehending Complex Texts

Introductory Unit: What Lies Ahead?

What is a complex text
What is a complex text?

  • A text that contains:

    • Challenging vocabulary

    • Long, complex sentences

    • Figurative language

    • Multiple levels of meaning

    • Unfamiliar settings or locations

Multidraft reading chart
Multidraft Reading Chart

Strategy 1 multidraft reading
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading

  • 1st Reading: Look for basics

    • Who

    • What

    • When

    • Where

    • Why/How

Reading chart 1 st reading
Reading Chart: 1st Reading

  • Who:

    • Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • What:

    • Civil rights speech calling for an end to racism

  • When:

    • August 28, 1963

  • Where:

    • March on Washington at the Lincoln Memorial

  • Why:

    • One hundred years after the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed millions of slaves, racism was still alive and well. MLK’s speech was a plea for others to believe in his dream of a different future.

Strategy 1 multidraft reading1
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading

  • 2nd Reading: Effectiveness of the writing

    • Text structure and organization

    • Use of language and effects

Reading chart 2 nd reading
Reading Chart: 2nd Reading

  • Text structure and organization

    • How is the speech structured?

      • Repetition of “I have a dream…”

  • Use of language and effects

    • What kind of language does MLK use?

      • Use of similes, metaphors, imagery, and repetition and emotional language

Strategy 1 multidraft reading2
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading

  • 3rd Reading: Compare and contrast

    • Compare/Contrast to similar selections

    • Evaluate overall effectiveness and central theme

Similar selection
Similar Selection

  • Elie Wiesel is a professor, political activist, and author. He has written 57 books, including Night, a book based on his experiences in Auschwitz and other concentration camps. He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.


Reading chart 3 rd reading
Reading Chart: 3rd Reading

  • Compare/Contrast:

    • How are they similar? (compare)

    • How are they different? (contrast)

  • Overall Effectiveness and Central Theme

    • How effective were the two speeches?

    • Are the themes similar?

Strategy 2 close read the text
Strategy 2: Close Read the Text

Tips for Close Reading:

  • Break down long sentences (into parts).

  • Reread difficult passages(to confirm meaning).

  • Look for context clues (restatements, definitions, examples, and contrasts).

  • Identify pronoun antecedents (know who or whom is being referred to).

  • Look for conjunctions (FANBOYS).

  • Paraphrase(restate in your own words).

Strategy 3 ask questions
Strategy 3: Ask Questions

Be an attentive reader by asking questions as you read. There are three basic categories:

  • Key Ideas and Details

    Example: Does the first sentence state facts or express an opinion?

  • Craft and Structure

    Example: What parallel structure does the writer use?

  • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    Example: To what extent do you agree with the author’s viewpoint?