Reconstruction and the New South Ch.15 . Bell Ringer 1/3. Predict major issues and questions that will have to be addressed during Reconstruction. . Impact of the War on the South. Devastated economy, lands, fortunes, male population, huge new population of freed blacks etc…
“Though slavery was abolished, the wrongs of my people were not ended. Though they were not slaves, they were not yet quite free. No man can be truly free whose liberty is dependent upon the thought, feeling, and action of others, and who has no means in his own hands for guarding, protecting, defending, and maintaining his liberty.”
-Fredrick Douglass 1882
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (1863)
(Lincoln’s 10% Plan)
(Took an oath of allegiance to the Union and U.S Constitution)
(Accepted emancipation of slaves)
Wade-Davis Bill (1864)
*Changes the opinion of how to handle reconstruction of the South.*
1)Disenfranchisement of all former leaders/officeholders of the Confederacy &
2) Confederates of $20,000 or more taxable land.
Allows all of the 11 Confederate States back to the Union.
*Catch: Johnson pardoned many southerners from this disenfranchisement.
1)Prohibit blacks from renting or owning land
2) Placed freedman in semi-bondage
3)Prohibited blacks from testifying in court.
Congress makes bold decisions
Create the Joint Committee on Reconstruction
****Johnson Vetoed these bills****
Congress overrode Johnson on each.
Provides the first constitutional definition of American citizenship*
*If the former Confederate states ratified the 14th Amendment then they could readmit to the Union.
1)Who murdered Abraham Lincoln?
2)What was the purpose of the Freemen’s Bureau?
3)Explain what the purpose of black codes were and provide an example.
4)What does Congress create in response to Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan and his willingness to let the South do what they want?
5)What was one outcome of the 14th Amendment?
Radicals pass 3 Reconstruction Bills
Republicans threaten through bills to overrule the Supreme Court
*Supreme Court never addresses another Reconstruction issue*
Democrats: Horatio Seymour
Republicans: Ulysses S. Grant
Grant barely wins
Potentially unconstitutional laws
(President use military to protect civil rights)
Causes a decline in the Klan
Society starts to uphold this philosophy
Republican: Rutherford B. Hayes v. Democrat: Sam Tilden
(President of Tuskegee Institute)
(Focus on self-improvement and not political rights)
-Court ruled that laws establishing separate schools for whites were ok.
Disenfranchisement of blacks started in some areas. Creating laws to keep black males from voting.