chapter 12 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 12 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 12

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Chapter 12 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 12. Economic Indicators and Measurements. GDP and Other Indicators. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): is the market value of all final goods and service produced in a nation within a given time period. 3 requirements for a good or service to be included in GDP

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 12' - gilon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 12

Chapter 12

Economic Indicators and Measurements

gdp and other indicators
GDP and Other Indicators
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): is the market value of all final goods and service produced in a nation within a given time period.
  • 3 requirements for a good or service to be included in GDP
    • Must be final, a shirt, not the fabric to make the shirt.
    • Must be produced in the time period. (sold doesn’t matter, just produced)
    • No products made by U.S. companies in foreign countries is included.
calculating gdp
Calculating GDP
  • C + I + G + X = GDP (C is consumption, I is investment, G is government spending, and X is net exports
  • Two Types of GDP
    • Nominal GDP states GDP in terms of the current value of goods and services.
    • Real GDP is the GDP corrected for price changes throughout the year.
calculating gdp example
Calculating GDP Example
  • Country A only produces Televisions so it is easy to see their total production. Listed below is the # produced each year, the price, the nominal GDP, and Real GDP (which uses the first year as a base year to measure change.
    • 2004: 500 TVs produced at $100 each, $50,000 Nominal GDP, $50,000 Real GDP.
    • 2005: 600 TVs produced at $100 each, $60,000 Nominal GDP, $60,000 Real GDP.
    • 2004: 500 TVs produced at $120 each, $72,000 Nominal GDP, $60,000 Real GDP.
gdp example cont
GDP Example Cont.
  • How did they get Nominal GDP and Real GDP?
    • Nominal GDP = # Produced X Price that year
    • Real GDP = # Produced X Price in base year
  • Why did Real GDP not Change from 2005 to 2006?
gdp does not measure
GDP does not measure…
  • Quality of Life
  • Nonmarket Activities (ex. Maintenance Work)
  • Underground Economic Activities
other economic performance indicators
Other Economic Performance Indicators
  • GDP + Income earned by US Companies abroad – Income earned by Foreign Companies in the US = Gross National Product (GNP)
  • GNP – depreciation of capital stock (replacing capital) = Net National Product (NNP)
  • NNP– Indirect business taxes = National Income (NI)
  • NI – Income earned but not received (welfare taxes) + income received but not earned (welfare) = Personal Income (PI)
  • PI – Personal taxes = Disposable Personal Income (DPI)
section 2
Section 2

The Business Cycle: A series of growing and shrinking periods of economic activity measured by increases and decreases in Real GDP

stage 1 expansion
Stage 1: Expansion
  • The expansion is a period of economic growth where there is an increase in Real GDP.
    • Expansions are noted for decreases in unemployment and vary in length. The longest U.S. economic expansion was from 1991 to 2001
stage 2 peak
Stage 2: Peak
  • The Peak is the point in which Real GDP is at its highest. From this point on, prices rise and resources tighten do Real GDP declines.
stage 3 contraction
Stage 3: Contraction
  • During contractions, producers cut back and unemployment rises. If the cutbacks become severe, the economy may face a recession where the contraction lasts more than two quarters. Even longer periods of contraction are called a depression.
stage 4 trough
Stage 4: Trough
  • The trough is the point at which Real GDP reaches its lowest. From this point forward the business cycle begins again with a period of expansion.
why do business cycles occur
Why do Business Cycles Occur?
  • Factor 1: Business Decisions (Business deciding on production levels). Changes in demand and new technology are big influencers of this.
  • Factor 2: Changes in Interest Rates (How costly it is for people and businesses to borrow money)
  • Factor 3: Consumer Expectations (How secure buyers feel)
  • Factor 4: External Issues (Natural Disasters or wars for example)
supply and demand as economic indicators
Supply and Demand as Economic Indicators
  • Aggregate Demand is the sum of all demand in the economy. The total amount of goods and services that households, businesses, government, and foreign purchasers will buy at a certain price.
  • Aggregate Supply is the sum of all the supply in the economy. The total amount of goods and services that producers will produce at each price level.
changes in as and ad
Changes in AS and AD
  • How is GDP effected by an increase or decrease in AD?
  • How is GDP effected by an increase or decrease in AS?
  • Notice that the same effects on price take place as they did with normal supply and demand.
factors of economic growth
Factors of Economic Growth
  • #1 Natural Resources: In general the more resources a country has access to the faster it grows.
  • #2 Labor Resources: The # of workers and the # of hours they work.
  • #3 Capital: There is greater growth when more workers have access to more capital.
  • #4 Technology and Innovation: Greater Efficiency = Greater Output