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IDENTIFYING BEHAVIORS THAT INCREASE RISK FOR. HIV/AIDS AND STI INFECTIONS. Belize Family Life Association. CONSULTANT. DAEDRA ISAACS-HAYLOCK. DEFINING THE PROJECT. GOAL:- Identify Risk Behaviors Focus Groups – Youths, Adult Women, MSMs, CSWs Design Media Messages

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slide1

IDENTIFYING BEHAVIORS THAT INCREASE RISK FOR

HIV/AIDS AND STI INFECTIONS

Belize Family Life Association

CONSULTANT

DAEDRA ISAACS-HAYLOCK

defining the project
DEFINING THE PROJECT
  • GOAL:-

Identify Risk Behaviors

Focus Groups – Youths, Adult Women, MSMs, CSWs

Design Media Messages

Radio and TV Ads

Flyers TARGETS:-

Youths and Commercial Sex Workers

defining focus groups
DEFINING FOCUS GROUPS
  • Focus Groups

low scientific validity

fast turn around

low cost

elastic results/news value

indirect interview process

8 to 15 participants – representing characteristics of target group

focus groups
FOCUS GROUPS
  • Mixed Youth – Youth for the Future

11 youths – 5 females 14 – 26 years

  • Young Women – YWCA

10 young women – 14 to 17 years

  • Adult Women – Women’s Department

8 women + 1 adult male – 20 years above

  • MSMs -- PASMO

6 men – 18 to 20 years

  • CSW – outstanding despite several attempts
focus group
FOCUS GROUP

OBJECTIVES:- General Information on Sexuality

Levels of Exposure/Education

Key Risk Behaviors

Stigmatization

Issues in Need of Addressing

Adequacy of Current Outreach.

focus groups1
FOCUS GROUPS

General Information on Sexuality:-

Mixed Youths –

82% sexually active

70% more than one sexual partners

focus group1
FOCUS GROUP

General Information on Sexuality

Young Women

  • 60% are sexually active.
  • One sexual partner at any one time
  • Three currently abstaining
  • One Girl – Sexually Assaulted
focus group2
FOCUS GROUP

General Information on Sexuality

Adult Women

88% currently actively sexually involved 100% of the group had been sexually involved during the past 12 months.

focus group3
FOCUS GROUP

General Information on Sexuality

MSM – Men Who Have Sex with Men

Almost all sexually active - 1 abstaining

Possibly both within the homosexual and heterosexual populations.

1 and 5 sexual partners at any one time.

focus groups2
FOCUS GROUPS

Level of Exposure/Education on Issue

Knowledge of info in public domain

Introduced to Condoms as Prevention

Knowledge of Agencies in Outreach

Discuss the issue with peers, parents, children

E.g. One young man introduced to condoms by father

E.g. Women discuss condoms and partner reduction with children

E.g. One woman teach nine year old daughter how to use a condom

focus group4
FOCUS GROUP

Outstanding Issue Areas Needing Address

Infection by?:

Kissing – gum disease and bleeding, mouth sores

Open Injury to injury

Swallowing of bodily fluids

Bathroom Usage

focus groups3
FOCUS GROUPS

Outstanding Issues Needing Address

Men 55 years an above - risk reduces

MSM – Risk level during sex

Young Women – Female condom difficult to use

CONCERN – Requesting condom during sexual assault

focus groups4
FOCUS GROUPS

At Risk Behaviors

Lack of condom use-

Under influence of alcohol

Machismo/Bravado

Fulltime partner – Trusting Relationship

Economic Reliance

Fidelity in relationship – Not Into Farming

Situation of Sexual Assault

MALE PARTNER DICTATED USAGE

focus groups5
FOCUS GROUPS

Abstinence & Partner Reduction

Woman Thing

Not Practical

Young Men – Not into Farming

MSMs – One currently Abstaining

Adult Women – Fidelity in relationship

Setting good example

Expected role

Fear of infection

focus group5
FOCUS GROUP

Usage of Lubricants

Across the board the same errors

Baby Oil

Vaseline

Water

Saliva

A few – KY Jelly or Soft Lube

focus groups6
FOCUS GROUPS

Other Sexual Attitudes

Men 55 years and above = Safe

MSM = Heterosexual

Pick up in bars

Casual Sex

Multiple Partners

Recruitment??

Cross Border Relations

Hesitancy to Communicate Status

focus groups7
FOCUS GROUPS

Stigmatization

All groups agreed that stigma and discrimination are still high

Education only one step!!

focus group6
FOCUS GROUP

Adequacy of Outreach

Media Outreach

One-on-One Outreach

Life Experiences

Cooperation and Collaboration

Scare vs. Care

Church/State and Sex Education

Value System in Outreach

focus group7
FOCUS GROUP

Recommendations

Media as Broad Education Tool

One-on-One Presentations

Scare vs. Care

Tighter Collaboration and Cooperation

Re-assessment of Value System

Re-assessment of Frontline

Church/State – Healthy Life-Skills and Sex Education

reduce your risk
REDUCE YOUR RISK

IT’S YOUR RIGHT!!

YOU MAY NEVER GET A SECOND CHANCE