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Situations where support is needed

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  1. Collegial Ethics –Not Fully Realized and NeededMichael Kuhar, Ph.D.Yerkes National Primate Res. Centerand the Center for Ethics of Emory University

  2. Situations where support is needed • Everyday hassles • Commission of error that has impact. • Failure to succeed • Other personal failings • Attack by other • An accusation of wrongdoing

  3. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  4. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  5. Collegial ethics offers guidelines on how to treat and support colleagues, not a focus on how to expose or report them!

  6. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  7. Do we need it? • Little or no current training for it in existing programs. • It can be a positive counterbalance to existing training in ethics which can be accusatory. • Impulse of “Don’t get involved” – Self preservation not always best in long run. • Collegiality has been shown to be effective.

  8. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  9. Avoidance Games • Self-righteous judgment. • Say that it’s smart to avoid trouble. • Invoking excessive fairness.

  10. Avoidance Games, cont’d • I Can’t endanger my family. • Allow dislike of someone to overly influence your actions. • A Genuine paralyzing fear of actions

  11. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  12. Evolved Instincts • Millions of years of evolution have provided us with automatic responses to promote survival. • But, in today's world, the responses are not always beneficial in the long run.

  13. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  14. Situations require judgment and courage to act appropriately

  15. Guidelines and Principles • Use common sense. What is in it for us? • Apply the Golden Rule. • Use neutral or supportive language. • However you act, do no harm, or minimize harm . • Be ready to use conflict resolution, and win-win thinking with colleagues.

  16. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  17. Dramatic advances in ethics in recent decades • Protection of animals and humans in research • Guidelines for authorships, quoting, data management, etc. • Procedures for misconduct charges • Protection of whistleblowers • Ethical training is required. • Use the same approach for Collegial Eth.

  18. Collegial Ethics Training. • Organize material (into a course). • Read guidelines and cases in discussion groups. • Write new cases that are examined and discussed by colleagues. • Practice collegial actions. • Review and revisit the material. • Teach collegial ethics to mentees.

  19. The effects of training are substantial, and can have a big impact on our behavior

  20. Topics Covered:Definitions and meanings.Do we need it?Avoiding it, games we play.Evolved instinctsHow do we become supportive?Collegial skills and training.Limitations of collegial ethics.

  21. Limitations of Collegial Ethics • Uninterested colleagues – how do we handle them? • Limitations in availability of training.

  22. Follow-up • This lecture is only a brief overview. • Kuhar, MJ. Collegial Ethics: What, why and how. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 119:235-238. 2011. • See the website: www.collegialethics.com/. The website is comprehensive. • Lecture composed on March 22, 2012.