female participation and gender equalities n.
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Female participation and gender equalities. History National Verdal. The Norwegian democracy is 200 years old , got our own constituton in 1814 Became an independent country in 1905 I n 1913, women received the right to vote

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The Norwegian democracy is 200 yearsold, gotourownconstituton in 1814

  • Became an independent country in 1905
  • In 1913, womenreceivedthe right to vote
  • It tookmanyyearsbefore it becamecommonwithwomen in politics.
  • 1970s, women`sliberation. Womengraduate and gotjobspreviouslyreserved for men.
The municipal sector in Norway

428 municipalities

19 counties

Almost 5 mill. inhabitants

34,5 % public employees

51% working part time

8,2% sick leave

11 500 politicians

- 4% unemployment

In all politicalcomitees and boards, and in theboards in publiccompanies, there has to be at least 40% females


Gro Harlem Brundtland wasthe first female Prime Minister of Norway

  • Sheformedgovernmentthree times. In thelast one (1990-1996), shehad 50 % women. Sincethen, it has beenthe norm.

In Norway, a highpercentageofwomenwork part time in thepublicsector, while most men work full time in the private sector

  • Womentypicaly have jobs like nurses, teachers and cleaners
  • 69% of men working in thepublicsector havetechnicalpositions
After WW2, thenorwegianlabour party has been in government most years

They have a closerelationshipwiththe trade union, and many party members have position in the union board

The labour party receive a greatdealoffunding from the trade union

The workers have worked for a greatdealofrights

Most work 7,5 hours a day and have fiveweeksofvacation

Age ofretirement is usually 67, butyoucanretire at 62 and get a decrease in payment


The maternityleave is 49 weekswith full pay, or 59 weekswith 80% pay

  • The fathers have reserved 10 weeks, themothers 18 weeks. The rest theparentsarefree to choosethemselves.
  • Everyone is entitled to return to the same position at workafter a maternityleave
  • The fathersmaternityleave has had a positive inpactontheemploymentofwomen
  • If a childgetssick, bothparent have a right to 10 daysoffworkeach, 20 days for single parents
  • 14800 inhabitants
  • Ca. 8000 lives in thecentre
  • Farming (primary) and industrial
  • From fjord to mountain
  • 1548 km^2

A largevariety in culture

Music, acting, sound, art

College for actors

Large numberofvolunteers

and organisations (100 +)

Stiklestad, most famoushistoricplace in Norway

1030 Battle where King Olav waskilled (St.Olav)


Startet by thecommunal and regional minister in 2006

  • The projectlasted from 2007 to 2011
  • Goal: increasenumberofwomen in localpolitics and mayors

Women have had a vote for a hundred years

  • Women make up 38% of municipals
  • 40% are women on the party lists, 23% of the lists have women on top
  • 22% of mayors are women

Verdal was one of 22 communities participating in the project

  • Verdal worked with three other communities
  • Regional gatherings where we practiced public speaking and writing and meeting the press
  • We visited the parlament, KS, County Council and the EU parlament
  • Partnership meeting with all the political parties to increase female presence and get women on top of the lists
  • Safety and support in the group was important

In the local election 2007 in Verdal, 44% of the nominees were female. The result gave 34%.

  • In 2011 four out of seven parties had women on top of their lists. The result gave 42% females.
  • In the presidency we are five women and four men

I gotintopoliticsthrough my interest in my localcommunity

  • After a while I startedthinking, thereshould be a womanwithchildren, living in my part of Verdal being a participantoftheboards and involved in makingdecitions. So why not me?
  • My biggestfearwasgettingattacked by opponents and media, could I handle that?
  • I have nowbeen in politics for ellevenyears, and nowsit as group leader for my party, and leader for theoppositionparties
  • I have saidyes to be on my parties list for nextyearselection
  • Politics has becomesuch a big part of my lifestyle and who I am, so I don’tseemyselfquitting for some time