Budget Formulation —
1 / 19

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Budget Formulation — Executive and Legislative Branches. Office of Budget & Performance. Overview — How we obtain $$$. Purpose Explain the formulation segment of the budget process How – Mechanism When – Lifecycle Who – Department, OMB, Congress. USGS Process — External.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - gilles

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

Budget Formulation —Executive and Legislative Branches

Office of Budget & Performance

Overview how we obtain l.jpg
Overview — How we obtain $$$


Explain the formulation segment of the

budget process

  • How – Mechanism

  • When – Lifecycle

  • Who – Department, OMB, Congress

Usgs process external l.jpg
USGS Process —External

Department and OMB guidance

  • Secretarial Priorities

  • Presidential Priorities

    Interactions with stakeholders

  • Lectures and conferences nationwide

  • Customer listening sessions

Usgs process l.jpg
USGS Process

May - June

  • Preparation of the “Budget Request” to the Department

Department decisions l.jpg
Department Decisions

July - August

  • USGS Director, Director of OBP, and Budget Officer present budget to Secretary

  • Secretary’s decision

  • Preparation of OMB “Budget Estimates”

Omb budget estimates l.jpg
OMB Budget Estimates


  • Hearing

  • Decisions made by

    • Examiner and Branch Chief

    • Top management, including OMB Director

Omb budget estimates passback l.jpg
OMB Budget Estimates — Passback


  • THE “Passback”

  • Appeals

December - January

  • Final decisions

  • Finishing touches on the “Greenbook,” which is due to Congress in February

First monday in february l.jpg
First Monday in February

Hurry and get

that Greenbook

to Capitol Hill!!!

Congressional hearings l.jpg
Congressional Hearings

After Congress receives the President’s

Budget, the House and Senate Appropriations

Subcommittees hold

hearings to allow the

agencies to describe

and defend their

budget proposals.

Congressional hearings10 l.jpg
Congressional Hearings

  • The USGS budget is handled by the Interior and Environment Appropriations Subcommittee.

  • The Director of the USGS may be invited to testify on the USGS budget.

  • All testimony must comport with Administration policy.

Congressional questions for the record l.jpg
Congressional Questions for the Record

  • After the hearings, the Subcommittees submit questions about the budget.

  • USGS prepares answers that must be cleared by DOI and OMB.

  • The Hearing Record includes written and oral testimony as well as Qs & As.

Congressional priorities l.jpg
Congressional Priorities

In addition to our budget

request, the Appropriations

Subcommittees consider

requests from other sources

with divergent interests,

including lobby groups and

other members of Congress.

Markups l.jpg

  • “Markup” is the process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.

  • The prior year’s bill language is physically “marked up” according to current congressional priorities.

Bill language and report language l.jpg
Bill Language and Report Language

  • Bill language —

  • Becomes law.

  • USGS bill language is brief, with few details.

  • Report language —

  • Gives details on congressional intent.

  • Is also used to praise or admonish agencies.

  • Is not law but is usually treated as such.

Conference l.jpg

  • Differences between the House and Senate bills are settled in “Conference.”

  • When the Conference Agreement has been approved by the full House and full Senate, the Appropriations Bill has passed Congress!

Appropriations law l.jpg
Appropriations Law

  • Once the Appropriations Bill has been passed, it is sent to the White House.

  • The President has 10 days to sign the bill into law or veto it.

Continuing resolutions l.jpg
Continuing Resolutions

What happens if an appropriations bill does not become law before October 1 (the beginning of the fiscal year)?

Continuing resolutions18 l.jpg
Continuing Resolutions

  • A Continuing Resolution (CR) allows government to continue operating with certain limitations (such as timeframe and spending rate).

  • No new projects are started while a CR is in effect.

  • Without an appropriation or a CR, agencies must shut down.

Supplemental appropriations l.jpg
Supplemental Appropriations

  • May be passed at any point in the year, making funds available immediately,

  • Are usually associated with one or more emergencies requiring additional funding, and

  • For the USGS, typically fund repair or replacement of damaged equipment or facilities.