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11/1/12

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  1. 11/1/12 • What is the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about art? • What is your favorite movie? • What is your favorite book? • What is your favorite song? • Why are you as an individual important? • What might cause you to get more interested in learning?

  2. The Renaissance

  3. The Late Middle Ages in Europe (1000-1300 C.E) • Food supply increased • Switch to horsepower • Three-Field System • Population increased • Towns and cities grew • Trade increased as a result of the Crusades • Growth of education • Contact with Byzantines and Muslims

  4. The Commercial Revolution & the Rise of the Merchant Class • Guilds-group of individuals in the same business working to improve work conditions. • Trade increased and people got wealthy & powerful-merchants • Expansion of trade + business= Commercial Revolution • Trade Fairs • The rise of banking

  5. The Rise of the Renaissance • The end of the Middle Ages and Feudalism • Bubonic Plague • Hundred Years War • Survivors wanted to celebrate! • Trade in the northern Italy made ideas spread quickly • Many powerful merchants, like the MediciFamily (bankers) in Florence, Italy, bought this art. • Church leaders did the same • Art-looked to beautify ancient Rome and Greece • Renaissance-revival of art and learning which began in northern Italy

  6. The Renaissance Begins in Italy • As plague sacked most European cities, some cities remained strong because of trade. • Florence, Italy (wealthiest) • Wealthy Merchant Class • Medici Family (bankers) • Classical heritage of Rome and Greece • Many of the greatest artists and writers came from Italy

  7. The Rise of Humanism • As people studied the classics of Greece and Rome, this led to Humanism. • Humanism-intellectual movement focusing on human potential • Led away from the Church • People became more secular, or worldly. • The Renaissance Man-man who mastered every area of study

  8. Renaissance Art • Art changed • More realistic • Greek and Roman subjects • Perspective-technique showing 3 dimensions on a flat surface. • Human body used often • Flemish Painting became popular in Northern Europe

  9. Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa

  10. Raphael’s School of Athens

  11. Donatello’s Statue of David

  12. Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel

  13. Which Would You Choose?

  14. Gates of Paradise

  15. The Florence Cathedral

  16. Renaissance Writing • Started to write in the vernacular (native language) instead of just Latin • Dante was the first to write in the vernacular in TheDivine Comedy. • Writing was more secular-not religious • Human individuality and emotion (Humanism) • Erasmus (Christian Humanist)-In Praise and Folly depicts love and human emotion, and makes fun of certain people in society. Midway upon the journey of our lifeI found myself within a forest dark,For the straightforward pathway had been lost. Ah me! how hard a thing it is to sayWhat was this forest savage, rough, and stern,Which in the very thought renews the fear. So bitter is it, death is little more;But of the good to treat, which there I found,Speak will I of the other things I saw there. Dante’s Inferno from The Divine Comedy And next these come those that commonly call themselves the religious andmonks, most false in both titles, when both a great part of them arefarthest from religion…(I P & F).

  17. The Renaissance Spreads North • Petrarch-Father of Humanism-sonnets to Laura • Machiavelli-The Prince about leaders, government, and control • Thomas More-Utopia about a perfect society (Christian Humanist) • William Shakespeare-Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, etc.