Unit Three. 7. Kid with a Knife (Part I). Information Related to the Text Punk A rough and unpleasant young man or boy, especially one in the habit of fighting and breaking the law (often in the phrase young punk ). This is the meaning in the text.
7. Kid with a Knife (Part I)
A rough and unpleasant young man or boy, especially one in the habit of fighting and breaking the law (often in the phrase young punk). This is the meaning in the text.
In Britain in the 1970s there was a movement among certain young people who were opposed to the values of money-based society and who expressed this especially in loud music (punk rock) that is often marked by violence, rude word, etc.
It is a kind of credit card widely used in the States. Such cards are provided by banks and allow the holder to obtain goods and services without payment of cash, the cost being charged to his account and paid later.
After the Second World War, in order to stop the reunification in Vietnam, America, allied with the puppet regime in the South of this land, started a war with the Communist guerrillas in the north. The guerilla forces were led by Ho Chi Minh. This war lasted long and ended in an American defeat. Huge numbers of American soldiers were sent to Vietnam to support the southern regime and its army. In 1965, America refused to take the advice of cease-fire talks in Geneva organized by the Secretary General in the United Nations, and intensified the war.
2. For a moment the surprise action caught him off guard. (Line 20)
Caught him off guard: made the young man unable to deal with the sudden attack
Managed to make it to the couch: succeeded in trying to reach the couch
To shake the cobwebs from my addled brain: to try my best to make my old mind clear about what had happened just now
Straighten up: to tidy
5. I promised to act my age and to come down and lock at mug shots later. (Line 68)
“Act my age” here refers to doing things according to the old man’s age. In other words, he should try to avoid anything too violent.
Worked with his hands: here it means Sam had been a craftsman in his whole life. He was a wood carver.
7. He had been frugal all his life and had plenty to see him through, even with inflation the way it was. (Line 82)
had plenty to see him through：had plenty of money to live till the very end of his life
even with inflation the way it was: although inflation was so high
As the thought took form in my brain: when the idea had become clearer in my mind
Who were traveling down a path to certain imprisonment: who were becoming worse and worse and would soon end up in prison.
2. On his carpet.
3. Between the table and the couch.
4. No, he wasn’t happy because he thought it too risky for the old man to fight back when being robbed.
5. Less than one year.
Insurance is designed to protect a person from financial disaster. Insurance can be necessary or prudent, but more often it seems like giant corporations make a lot of money pandering to people’s fear or taking advantage of their most basic needs and desires—for example, parents’ concern that their children will be provided for when they die. That said, there are certainly times and situations in which having insurance is an absolute necessity.
It is an agreement given by the US government in the form of contracts to pay money to those who have problems of illness, death, or accident.
An amount of money paid regularly (esp. by a government or a company) to someone who can no longer earn (enough) money by working, esp. because of old age or illness.
Old age pension: (also retirement pension) money paid regularly by the State to old people.
A reform school is a school where teenagers who have committed crimes are sent for punishment and reform.
5. Milton General (Hospital)
The full name of this hospital is called Milton Keynes General Hospital. It is located in the State of Colorado, USA.
Plowed through the mug books: (fig.) to try hard to find the picture of the young robber from many pictures of robbers.
Pasty: pie of meat, fruit, jam, etc. enclosed in pastry and baked without a dish.
3. I thought you’d be satisfied with conking me over the head and breaking my leg. (Line 92)
Conking me over the head: hitting me on the head
“set up” means to plan something in order to deceive somebody or to trap somebody into doing something. “You set me up!” means “It was you who got me into a trap”.
5. “Well, Uncle George, he’s our boy, isn’t he?” (Line 108)
“He’s our boy” means he is the boy who has robbed you in your house a few weeks ago and now he should be taken to the police station and placed under arrest.
Straighten out: to remove difficulties, esp. bad behavior or worries, in one’s life.
II. 1. 因证据不足，对他的两起小偷小摸的指控被取消；但他曾因袭击和抢劫而被判监禁。
Beowulf is a very famous epic poem written in Britain in the 8th century. The whole story is about the hero called Beowulf. He killed the monster Grendel and the monster’s mother, in order to defend his people from their attacks.
2. Central Park in New York
This is one of the largest urban parks in America. It is in the central part of the island of Manhanttan. It has lakes, ball parks, outdoor theatre for concerts and plays, amusement rides, running tracks, forests and meadows, etc.
A brand of very common and inexpensive tissue in the States.
4. Class ring
In the United States, when students are in the Junior Year, they will plan various activities for their Senior Year to come. They will have special dances, class trips, and other events including their eventual graduation. One of the things they do is to select the slogan for their class or “class motto” and color them. They will use it in the various events, so that their class stands out from others.
Soggy: completely wet; heavy and usu. unpleasant with wetness
Well up: (literary) spring up
Raggedy: (also ragged) old and torn; with uneven edges or surfaces
Shuffling the junk: moving the worthless things
Karate: Japanese system of unarmed combat using hands, feet, etc., as weapons
I. 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. D
II. 1. i 2.e 3.g 4.j 5.d 6.b 7.h 8.a 9.c 10.f