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Teaching vs. Facilitating. An Onion Task. Adapted from Filomena Cassis. An Onion Task (4 minutes). Draw a layered onion. On one half of the onion list things that were of great importance to you when you started to teach.

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an onion task
An Onion Task

Adapted from Filomena Cassis

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

an onion task 4 minutes
An Onion Task(4 minutes)
  • Draw a layered onion.
  • On one half of the onion list things that were of great importance to you when you started to teach.
  • Work from the centre to the outer layers of the onion in order of importance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

an onion task cont 4 minutes
An Onion Taskcont.(4 minutes)
  • Do the same on the other half of the onion but now from your present perspective.
  • Work from the centre to the outer layers of the onion in order of importance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

group work 5 minutes
Group work(5 minutes)
  • Discuss with the colleagues in your group the purpose of the task and what you learned from it.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

a task to think over 6 minutes
A task to think over(6 minutes)
  • Form groups of 4-5.
  • Discuss if there are any differences between TEACHING and FACILITATING. Write the conclusions.
  • REPORT YOUR CONCLUSIONS TO THE WHOLE GROUP

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

what is facilitation
What is facilitation?
  • = bringing out and focusing the wisdom of the group, often as the group creates something new or solves a problem.

Hogan (2002)

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

teaching vs facilitating8
Teaching vs. Facilitating
  • A process whereby a teacher leads a group of students in acquiring new skills, knowledge, or understanding.
  • Helping/making it easy for students to learn together in a group, or to achieve something together as a group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

teaching vs facilitating9
Teaching vs. Facilitating
  • Most subject area teaching involves telling and teaching the students. Measurable outcome at the end.
  • Involves helping the students to discover by themselves.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

moving from teaching to facilitating
Students’ authonomy & Knowledge building

30 + years in the profession

Students self-assessment, co-evaluation

10-15 years of teaching

Teacher centered, following textbook

5 first years of teaching

Creating materials, publishing articles

15-20 years in the profession

Main worrie: classroom management

2 first years of teaching

Teacher training courses. Research

20-25 years in the profession

Cooperative learning. Using ICT

25 -30 years in the profession

Role plays, theater, projects

5-10 years of teaching

Moving from teaching to facilitating

From teaching to facilitating timeline

Adapted from Hulda Danielsdóttir

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

moving from teaching to facilitating timeline 6 minutes
Moving from teaching to facilitating Timeline(6 minutes)
  • Draw your own Teaching to Facilitating Timeline.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

pair work group work 15 minutes
Pair work - Group work(15 minutes)
  • Share the work you did with a colleague, and reflect upon your moving from teaching to facilitating.
  • Discuss with your group.
  • Report to the whole group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

teacher s effective ways to facilitate 15 minutes
Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate(15 minutes)
  • In groups of 4 give suggestions that can help teachers to facilitate.
  • Report to the whole group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

teacher s effective ways to facilitat e feedback
Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate (feedback)
  • Problem of getting wider understanding (read teachers, parents, etc.) that facilitating is learning, despite apparent noise + mess
  • Motivation for teachers: eg. Need to make daily life enjoyable + rewarding experience for kids and teacher through project based approaches.
  • Catching up with students knowledge
  • Preventing tendency of thinking you are an expert (do not be afraid to say I do not know)
  • If you want to learn something new, teach it.
  • Find interesting material.
  • Be a good listener.
  • Do not be afraid to delegate and empower.
  • Be aware of needs, understand need
  • Determine right questions.
  • Be creative – not stick to strict curriculum.
  • Ongoing professional training specially improving self + seminars.
  • Reflect and evaluate your performance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

teacher s effective ways to facilitat e feedback16
Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate (feedback)
  • Be flexible.
  • Be creative and up to date.
  • Use different techniques.
  • Show students you love them.
  • Do not repeat the same things year after year (for example, after 20 years of teaching you teach in the same way as your 1st year of teaching).
  • Do not allow your students to drink from a bottle, let them go to the river.
  • Offer skills that lead to learning.
  • Surprise your students.
  • Do not focus on yourself.
  • Respect each one of your students. Each one is different and special.
  • Do not make fun of your students.
  • Listen actively and comprehensively to your students.
  • During the transitional period from a teacher to a facilitator, you need to be aware of your techniques so as not to go backward into being a teacher.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]

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