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International Food Assistance in USDA. Presented by Members of the Office of Capacity Building and Development Foreign Agricultural Service U.S. Department of Agriculture April 6, 2009. 1. 1. Welcome. Ross Kreamer Assistant Deputy Administrator

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International food assistance in usda
International Food Assistance in USDA

Presented by Members of the Office of Capacity Building and Development

Foreign Agricultural Service

U.S. Department of Agriculture

April 6, 2009

1

1


Welcome
Welcome

Ross Kreamer

Assistant Deputy Administrator

Office of Capacity Building and Development

Foreign Agricultural Service

2


Introductions and agenda
Introductions and Agenda

  • Welcome and Introductory Remarks

    Ross Kreamer, Assistant Deputy Administrator, Office of Capacity Building and

    Development (OCBD)

  • Global Food Security and FAS Programs

    Roger Mireles, Director, Policy Coordination and Policy Staff

  • Food Assistance Division Overview

    Ron Croushorn, Director, Food Assistance Division (FAD)

  • Food for Progress Programming for FY 2010 & Beyond

    Nicola Sakhleh, Senior Analyst, Food for Development Branch, FAD

  • McGovern-Dole Program

    Dorothy Feustel, Chief, School Feeding and Humanitarian Assistance Branch, FAD

  • Transportation and Logistics

    Amy Harding, Senior Analyst, Transportation and Logistics Branch, FAD

  • Monitoring and Evaluation

    Brenda Freeman, Director, Monitoring and Evaluation Staff, OCBD

    Delphine Hamlin, Senior Analyst, M&ES

  • Questions and Answers

3

3


Role of the foreign agricultural service fas in development
Role ofthe Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in Development

  • Primarily responsible for USDA’s international activities

  • Provide food aid and technical assistance to foreign countries

  • Help increase income and food availability in developing nations

  • Support trade-capacity building and creating new markets

4


Ocbd mission
OCBD Mission

OCBD advances international agricultural trade and U.S. national security by strengthening the institutions and economies of developing countries through trade capacity building and

agricultural development

5

Lebanon


Global food security the usda approach

GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY: The USDA Approach

Roger P. Mireles

Director

Policy Coordination and Planning

Office of Capacity Building and Development

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA


Food insecurity makes the headlines
Food Insecurity Makes the Headlines

  • Food prices increased 45 percent, April 2007-April 2008

    • Demand surged

    • Energy soared

    • Global grain supplies dropped

    • U.S. dollar weakened

    • Biofuels production increased

  • Prices tumbled from peak

    • Improved crop outlook

    • Easing export restrictions

    • stronger dollar

    • Lower oil prices and freight costs

  • Prices expected to remain above historical average


Usg tackling the issue
USG Tackling the Issue

  • Policy environment

  • Trade and market investment

  • Research, training and technology transfer

  • Sound natural resource management

  • Global market information and monitoring systems

  • Social safety nets

  • Market-based risk management


Goal be effective

GoalBE EFFECTIVE


Today s challenging environment
Today’s Challenging Environment

The Right Approach

  • A Common Strategy

  • Public/Private Partnerships

  • Host Nation Involvement


Usda s unique toolbox
USDA’s Unique Toolbox

Tools that promote agricultural development

  • Food Aid Programs

  • Trade and Scientific Exchange Programs

  • USDA Technical Expertise

  • Partnerships

  • Overseas Representation


Team t ogether e veryone a chieves m ore
TEAMTogether Everyone Achieves More

PVOs/NGOs

U.S. Agribusiness, Trade Associations

USG Agencies

Land-Grant Universities

Multilateral Organizations

Foreign Governments

Agricultural development

Credit guarantee programs

Rural credit, microfinance

Regulatory and policy capacity building

Educational Improvement

Trade missions

Scientific research

Economic analysis

Post Harvest/Marketing Systems


International food assistance in usda

“To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”President ObamaJanuary 20, 2009


Food assistance division
Food Assistance Division alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

Ron Croushorn

Director, Food Assistance Division

Office of Capacity Building and Development

Foreign Agricultural Service

14


Program overview
Program Overview alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • McGovern-Dole Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program

  • Food for Progress

  • Section 416(b)

  • Title I of the Food for Peace Act

  • Local and Regional Purchase Pilot Program

15


Status of the usda local and regional purchase pilot program
Status of the USDA Local and Regional Purchase Pilot Program alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • On January 16, 2009, the USDA study on local and regional purchase was sent by the Secretary of Agriculture to the House and Senate Agriculture Committees.

  • The USDA study found that local and regional purchases:

    • Are a tool that enables quick food aid responses during and after food crises and disasters

    • Can be a timely and effective complement to in-kind food aid programs

    • Require appropriate methods at the correct time to meet emergency food aid needs while avoiding harm to low-income consumers, producers and fragile market systems.

16


Pilot program guidelines
Pilot Program Guidelines alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • USDA is drafting program implementation guidelines

  • During the summer, a draft of the guidelines will be made public for comments

  • The public is encouraged to review and provide feedback

  • During this conference, local and regional purchase will be discussed on Wednesday afternoon with an FAS participant

17


Fy 2009 focus areas
FY 2009 Focus Areas alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • During today’s session, FAS will provide information on:

    • Program Management

    • Regulations

    • Strategic Framework & Indicators

    • Procurement Practices


Food for progress
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

Presented by:

Nicola David Sakhleh

Senior Analyst


Food for progress1
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Overview

  • FY 09 Proposal and Award Cycle

  • Priority Country Criterion and Selections

  • Resources

  • Proposal review


Food for progress2
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Food for Progress Act of 1985

  • Targets developing countries and emerging democracies

  • Supports the expansion of private enterprise in the agricultural sector

  • Commodities are usually monetized


Food for progress expected resources until 2012
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”Expected Resources Until 2012

  • Funding authorized by the Farm Bill

  • $40 million cap on transportation costs

  • $15 million for administrative costs

  • Commodity value not restricted by Farm Bill


Food for progress projects
Food for Progress Projects alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Soil and water conservation

  • Improved farming methods

  • Agricultural extension

  • Animal and plant health

  • Processing, storage and marketing

  • Roads and other infrastructure

  • Cooperative development

  • Micro-credit and business training


Food for progress active agreements 2005 2009
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”Active Agreements (2005-2009)

  • 41 Countries

  • 109 Agreements

  • $660 Million in Agreement Value

Number of Agreements per Country


Food for progress fy 2009 proposals

67 Received alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

62 proposals from 37 PVOs

2 WFP proposals

3 government proposals

24 countries

Total value of $2.3 billion

15 Approved

1 government

14 PVO programs approved

Total value of $164.5 million

Food for Progress FY 2009 Proposals


Food for progress priority country determination
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”Priority Country Determination

  • Per capita incomes below $3,705 (World Bank)

  • Percent (>20) of children under the age of 5 that are stunted (WHO)

  • Positive movement in political rights or civil liberties (Freedom House)

  • USDA Post coverage and ability to monitor


Other determining factors
Other Determining Factors alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Security concerns

  • Potential market disruptions

  • Other donor activity


Food for progress countries meeting all criteria other factors

Asia alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.” (5)

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Pakistan

Philippines

Timor-Leste

Latin America (5)

El Salvador

Ethiopia

Guatemala

Honduras

Nicaragua

Africa (10)

Benin

Burkina Faso

Kenya

Liberia

Malawi

Mali

Mozambique

Senegal

Tanzania

Uganda

Food for Progress Countries Meeting All Criteria / Other Factors

20 Countries


Food for progress fy 2010 priority countries

Asia alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.” (2)

Timor-Leste

Pakistan

Latin America (4)

El Salvador

Guatemala

Honduras

Nicaragua

Africa (4)

Kenya

Liberia

Mozambique

Tanzania

Food for Progress FY 2010 Priority Countries

10 Countries


Food for progress future programming

FY 2011 AND BEYOND alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

A more “strategic” approach to programming

How? Through prioritizing activities

Communication among USDA, implementing organizations, and governments to determine priority activities

WHY?

To facilitate Agency mission

To provide clear instructions to applicants

Food for ProgressFuture Programming


Fys 2011 2012 priority country preliminary lists
FYs 2011 & 2012 Priority Country alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”Preliminary Lists

*Final 2011 priority country list, along with corresponding priority activities and guidance, will be announced through a press release in autumn of 2009

** Final 2012 priority country list, along with corresponding priority activities and guidance, will be announced at the 2010 IFAC


Key sections of proposal
Key Sections of Proposal alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Introductory Statement

  • Section 5(a) – Activity Objectives

  • Section 5(b) – Method of Choosing Beneficiaries

  • Section 5(h) – Criteria for Measuring Progress

  • Section 6(e) – Uses of Sales Proceeds


Commodities and market analyses
Commodities and Market Analyses alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”

  • Appropriate commodity(ies) and tonnage in the proposal

  • Thorough Bellmon analysis MUST be conducted using consumption rather than nutritional requirements

  • Attaché concurrence is required


Food for progress proposal feedback
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.” Proposal Feedback

-- Limited Agricultural Focus

-- Commodity / Monetization Issues

-- Organizational Capabilities and Experience

-- Proposal Quality

-- Weak Progress Measures / Outcomes

-- Lack of Coordination with Embassy / Govt


Food for progress program guidelines
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”Program Guidelines

  • Guidelines for Introductory Statement

  • Guidelines for Plan of Operation

  • Sample Plan of Operation

  • http://www.fas.usda.gov/excredits/FoodAid/FFP/ApplyForProgram.htm


Food for progress3
Food for Progress alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds.”


Mcgovern dole international food for education child nutrition program
McGovern-Dole International Food for Education & Child Nutrition Program

Dorothy Feustel, Chief

School Feeding & Humanitarian Branch,

Food Assistance Division,

OCBD

Guinea-Bissau

37


Mcgovern dole program overview

Supports education, child development, and food security Nutrition Program

Reaches poor children,

especially girls, in

developing countries

Encourages health and

nutrition complements

McGovern-Dole ProgramOverview

Guatemala

38


Mcgovern dole overview
McGovern-Dole Nutrition ProgramOverview

U.S. commodities are fed directly

Cash resources to fund activities; otherwise monetization only in extenuating situations

Strives for sustainability

Kyrgyzstan

39


Mcgovern dole program overview1
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramOverview

What is sustainability?

A sustainable project is one that enables either a national government, local government, or community to continue providing an environment that is conducive to attracting children to school and providing them with an education; and, where possible,

Continuing some level of school feeding after the US government support ends


Mcgovern dole program overview2
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramOverview

Creating Partnerships

Public

Private

Community level

Capacity Building & Training

Training PTAs

Vocational Training (teachers, cooks, students)

Creating Infrastructure


Mcgovern dole program school feeding
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramSchool Feeding

School Lunches

Food for Work (cooks, teachers)

Take Home Rations

Albania


Mcgovern dole program sample activities
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramSample Activities

Improving Infrastructure

Training

School Environment

Improvement

Nutrition and Health

Education and Services

Senegal

43


Mcgovern dole program active agreements
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramActive Agreements

33 active agreements currently funded with 18 cooperating sponsors, in 28 countries, with more than 5 million beneficiaries

44


Mcgovern dole program active agreements cont
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramActive Agreements – Cont.

45


Mcgovern dole program fy 2009 resources awards
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramFY 2009 Resources & Awards

$184 million received

48 proposals received; valued at $700 million

Three new programs funded; valued at $27.4 million

12 multi-year agreements continued; valued at $68.3 million

Additional awards pending!

Mozambique

46


Mcgovern dole program fy2010 resources
McGovern-Dole Program FY2010 Resources Nutrition Program

54 proposals received; valued at $760 million

$45 million exists under multi-year agreements

FY 2010 resources will become available through the President’s budget

Afghanistan

47


Mcgovern dole program proposal review in fy 2010
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramProposal Review in FY 2010

Continuation of existing programs will receive highest priority

Limited funds will remain after these programs are funded

Vietnam

48


Mcgovern dole program priority country determination
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramPriority Country Determination

Priority country determination factors under review

The following three criteria will remain:

Government commitment to education

USDA Post coverage and ability to monitor agreements

No concerns with security or market issues

Country Criteria Roundtable this afternoon

49


Mcgovern dole program timing
McGovern-Dole Program Nutrition ProgramTiming

Proposal awards for FY 2010 will be announced in late Fall of 2009

FY 2011 Priority Country List will be released late Fall 2009

Next solicitation for new proposals at 2010 IFAC

50


Foreign agricultural service food assistance transportation
Foreign Agricultural Service Nutrition ProgramFood Assistance Transportation

Amy Harding, Acting Chief,

Transportation and Logistics Branch,

Food Assistance Division,

Office of Capacity Building and Development

Foreign Agricultural Service

51


Transportation and logistics branch responsibilities
Transportation and Logistics Branch Responsibilities Nutrition Program

  • Oversees the procurement of vessels under the Food for Progress and McGovern-Dole Food for Education programs

  • Assures compliance with the Cargo Preference Act (P.L. 664)

  • Furnishes technical advice and assistance to offices in USDA and participants on ocean transportation


Transportation and logistics branch responsibilities cont
Transportation and Logistics Branch Responsibilities, cont. Nutrition Program

  • Maintains liaison with participants, freight forwarders, steamship companies, and government agencies in program implementation

  • Develops non-standard, cost-saving commodity and freight procurement scenarios

  • Primary point of contact for food quality issues

  • Coordinates commodity and freight procurements with the Kansas City Commodity Office


International food assistance in usda

Local and Regional Procurement Nutrition Program

TLB is a key player in the development of the Local and Regional Purchase Pilot Program

Web-Based Supply Chain Management System

TLB is a participant in the design and implementation stages of this effort.

Focal Points for FY 2009 and Beyond


International food assistance in usda

New McGovern-Dole and Food for Progress Regulations Nutrition Program

Effective Date: May 26, 2009

Assessing how the new regulations will affect procurement specifics

FAS will implement the new regulations via the FACG consultative process

New USDA Food Aid Regulations – Impact on All Parties presentation 2:00 p.m. – 3:00 p.m.

Focal Points for FY 2009 and Beyond, cont.


International food assistance in usda

Monitoring and Evaluation Staff (M&ES) Nutrition Program

“Helping to Build a Sustainable Culture of Program Accountability and Transparency”

Brenda Freeman, Director, M&ES


International food assistance in usda

What M&ES Does Nutrition Program

  • Closeout food aid agreements

    • Implement policies and procedures to close backlog of agreements

    • Develop policies and procedures to guide the closeout of newer agreements

    • Meet monthly with FAD to discuss new policies and procedures

  • Assist OCBD staff in developing and implementing strategic frameworks


International food assistance in usda

What M&ES Does…continued Nutrition Program

  • Design and conduct program evaluations that measure the impact of OCBD programs

  • Improve internal program reporting by reviewing current reports and reporting requirements


International food assistance in usda

M&ES Activities that May Impact Your Organization Nutrition Program

  • Closed 144 or 75% of the backlog of PVO and Government agreements signed from FY 1995-2001

  • Established New Policies and Procedures to Streamline the closure of current agreements

  • Developed strategic frameworks for OCBD programs, including Food Aid

  • Collaborating with FAD to conduct an internal review of Logistics and Monetization Reports


International food assistance in usda

Monitoring and Evaluation Staff Nutrition Program

EMAIL: first name.last name@fas.usda.gov


Forward looking activities

Forward-Looking Activities Nutrition Program

FY 2009

Complete internal review of logistics and monetization report

Invite external stakeholder participation in review of report

Initiate development of strategic frameworks for all of OCBD’s programs

FY 2010

Plan an impact evaluation of a Food for Progress project


International food assistance in usda

Using Results Frameworks Nutrition Program

in OCBD Food Aid Programs

“Helping to Build a Sustainable Culture of Program Accountability and Transparency”

Delphine Hamlin, Senior Analyst

Monitoring & Evaluation Staff, OCBD


Framework discussion overview

Framework Discussion Overview Nutrition Program

Purpose of Developing Frameworks

Expected Results

Sample Framework

Impact on Proposal Submissions

Next Steps


Purpose of ocbd results framework

Purpose of OCBD Nutrition ProgramResults Framework

Justify why the program is being implemented

Focus on the need for the program

Focus on results achieved

Evaluate results


Expected results of framework development

Expected Results Nutrition Programof Framework Development

Implementation will be a priority for OCBD

“Tying what we do to specific articulated results is a very important function of what the management side of this agency has to do…to do that not only requires a commitment by leadership to make that happen, the president has been very clear in his expectation in that respect.”– Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack


Ocbd strategic framework program name project type
OCBD Strategic Framework Nutrition Program[Program Name] [Project Type]

Strategic Objective

Intermediate Results

Initial Results

Activities & Outputs


Impact on proposal submission

Impact on Proposal Submission Nutrition Program

Proposal submissions for FY 2011 should support the strategic objective of the framework

Food for Progress

McGovern Dole Food for Education

Proposals received that do not support the strategic objective of the framework will not be approved


Next steps in framework development

Next Steps in Framework Development Nutrition Program

Invite external stakeholders to participate in the development of the frameworks

Conduct final technical review of frameworks

Implement in partnership with program participants


International food assistance in usda

Thank you for listening Nutrition Program

Questions?